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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
salvation history
the history of the church after the crucifixion of Jesus
apology
literary defense of a lifesyle
ascension
When Jesus rose into heaven
Matthias
new disciple picked after Judas died, chosen by straws-meaning let the Holy Spirit choose
Pentecost
When the disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit, spoke in many tongues, based on Jewish celebration of the giving of the law, giving of the Spirit, seventh sunday after easter
Gamaliel
Paul's supposed teacher
Deacons
The selection of seven deacons in Acts; to supplement the apostles, represent bridging of Hebrew Christianity and Hellenistic Christianity; part of Spirit + apostleship theme of Acts.
Stephen
First martyr of the church; stoned to death; church deacon, many disagreed with him, Paul was at stoning
Peter and Paul
Focus of Acts, disciples
Damascus
city where Paul was going when he was converted to Christianity
Saul/Paul
Saul was part of Roman government, persecuted Christians, changed on way to damascus, became Christian missionary to the Gentiles
Cornelius
Roman centurion converted by Paul
"divine man"
A person believed to have magical or healing powers in the pre Christ era. Peter and Paul healings are examples of them being seen as "divine men"
Jerusalem Council
Placed restrictions on Gentiles to become Jews; Paul did not like it, said no restrictions, came to middle ground: abstain from food sacrificed to idols, blood, what is strangled, fornication
"we" section
section of Acts that changes tense, possibly a travel diary of Luke or eyewitness account, most likely it was just the author wanted to reach out to his audience.
Felix, Festus, Herod Agrippa
order of people Paul appears before his death, Felix, procurator/governor of Judea, at Caesarea, stalls on case, Festus, new procurator of Judea, Paul appeals to emperor, King Agrippa
Malta
place where Paul was shipwrecked and survived Viper bite
Jerusalem/Rome
Jerusalem=beginning of Christian ministry, Rome=end,
the Lukan Paul/ the Pauline Paul
View of Paul by himself (Pauline Paul) and by author of Luke-Acts (Lukan Paul)
Fourth Gospel
The Gospel of John, called so because of differences from synoptic gospels
Prologue
Included in Gospel of John, beginning, sets up gospel, Witnesses: "next day", John not Christ, Elijah, Prophet, Jesus=Lamb of God, Sun of God, Jesus=Rabbi (Teacher) Messiah (Christ), Jesus= one prophesied, son of Joseph, Rabbi, Son of God, King of Israel, Son of man
Logos
from Introduction to John, from stoic hymn,The logos=God, Zeus, Logos is God.
gnostic dualism
The gnostic tone of the Gospel of John; use of gnostic materials
signs
significant pointers, signs are not self evident, signs are not self-sufficient,
signs source
Possibility for source of signs in the Gospel of John
descent/ascent (signs to glory)
Jesus goes from signs to glory (raising of Lazarus, "I am the resurection and the life", grain of wheat metaphor
Irony
the irony between appearance and reality: i.e. Nicodemus, initially knew what Jesus was saying, later proved incapable
Lamb of God
Jesus is the Lamb of God (son of God)
I am/ not me
"Whoever believes in me believes not in me
"For I have not spoken on my own",
higher purpose
Paraclete
Used for the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John, as well as the role of Jesus in 1 John, translated comforter or advocate
Nicodemus
Pharisee who is taught by Jesus, does not understand what he says at first, and Jesus must teach him, he questions Jesus
Samaritan woman
Woman who Jesus speaks to at the water well in Samaria, she then goes out and prophesies to the city
Passover
Jesus is related to Jewish festival, Jesus is bread of life, walks on water, celebrated in March/April, marks passover of angel of death, transformed by Jesus into remembrance of His death
Feast of Tabernacles
celebrated in Sept/Oct., pilgrimage to Jerusalem
Feast of Dedication
Hannukah, celebrated in November, celebrates the purification of the temple by the Maccabees
eternal life
Theme of John,
realized eschatology
Theme of John, realizing the teachings of the church helps to comfort the delay of the parousia
Mary, Martha and Lazarus
Friends of Jesus, Lazarus dies, is brought back
Caiaphas
High priest at Jesus' death
Pilate
Roman ruler of Judea at time of Jesus' death
Joseph of Arimithea
rich man who was a Christ-believer, got Jesus from Pilate, buried him
Thomas
disciple that doubted Jesus' resurrection, Jesus reappeared to him, and he believed
Simon Peter
chief disciple of Jesus, denied him 3 times, came to lead early church
Appendix
John Chapter 21, bread and fish, Simon Peter, testimony of a disciple
apostasy
abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; total desertion of principles of faith, for example, the "slipping back" of Christians into Judaism
religio licita/religio illicita
Religio licita=Judaism
Religio illicita=Christianity
typology
seeing something in time A, gets fulfilled in time B-linking of 2 events, forerunner and fulfillment
High Priest
Theme of Hebrews, unique to Hebrews,ranking
Melchizedek
High priest that Abraham gave tithe to.
Levitical Priests
theme of Hebrews, shows why christianity is better than Judaism,
liturgical imagery
i don't know
apocalyptic/apocalypse
from greek apacalypsis-an uncovering, the distinctive literary movement in Judaism and Christianity that characteristically claimed that God had revealed to the writer the secrets of the imminent end of the world and so had given him or her a message for his or her people
myth
the result of human effort to communicate faith in transcendent reality by means of story and symbol, a story that tells the Truth for a people
martyr
those who showed allegiance to Christ in their death
Nero
last emperor of Rome, persecutor of Christians, 666 is code for Nero
Domitian
demanded divine honor for himself, put to death those who refused
John of Patmos
supposed author of Revelation
Lamb
I don't know
3,4,6,7,3.5, 10, 12
3=spiritual world
4= created order
6=humanity
7=perfection (3+4)
3.5= evil (a broken 7)
10=totality
12= Israel, God's people (3x4)
Babylon
mentioned in the book of Revelation, can be interpreted as Rome or human society or other symbols
New Jersualem
the remnants of the world after the second coming
Pliny/Trajan
Romans who wrote letters talking about suffering (relative to 1 & 2 peter)
Johannine Letters
1,2,3 John
Johannine school
1,2,3 John were written in the Johannine school of writing, meaning written like John
docetism
an early Christian heresy according to which Jesus Christ only SEEMED to suffer and die, since it was thought that a divine being like Jesus Christ could not suffer
The elder/the elect lady
Opening of 2 John, possibly metaphor for God to the Church
emergent Catholicism
literature circa 100-140 CE, including the Pastoral letters, 1&2 Timothy and Titus, and Catholic letters, 1,2,3 John, 1,2 Peter, Jude, James
ethics
I dont know
apostolic tradition
apostolic age, golden age of church, time of revelation by God through Jesus to the church in the persons of the apostles, source of authority, holy spirit continues to transmit tradition given to apostles
anonymous
having no known author
pseudonymous
being written as someone else or claiming to be written by someone else
Pastoral Letters
1&2 Timothy, Titus
"Timothy" and "Titus"
followers of Paul
Pistis
greek, Faith; for pastoral letters: in the body of Christian religion, for Paul, trust
heresy
any opinions against the official position
bishop/elder/deacon
order of church hierarchy
asceticism
denial of bodily pleasures, usually for a faith purpose
Catholic letter
1,2,3 John, 1,2 Peter, Jude, James (7)
homily
a sermon; format of James
"James"
brother of Jesus
Petrine Letters
1,2 Peter, Jude
"Peter" and "Jude"
Peter=disciple of Jesus
Jude=brother of Jesus
Gnosticism
a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element; considered heresy by Christian churches
parousia
A Greek term that means “arrival” or “coming.” The term is often referred to as the time of Christ’s return; hence, the Parousia, ie, 2 Thess. 2:1.
canon
a list of books authoritatively accepted
a reed or cane for measuring