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22 Cards in this Set

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Hitler withdraws from the disarmament conference in Geneva.

Hitler withdrew as he knew France would not agree to Britain's proposition of decreasing French troops to 200,000 and raising German troops to the same amount.

Hitler and Germany leave the League of Nations.
October 17th 1933Germany no longer needs to abide by the rules of the League of Nations. There was little international reaction. Germany begins rearming.

Germany signs a 10 year peace pact with Poland

Hitler signs the pact in order to reassure world opinion after leaving the League of Nations. It gave the impression he had no territorial ambitions in Poland.

The First Austrian Crisis

Austrian Nazis attempt to stage a coup d'etat. It ultimately fails as the government remains in power but the Austrian leader, Dollfuss, is murdered. This pleases Hitler as he sees a chance to achieve anschluss but he is warned off by Italy after they move troops to the Austrian border.

The Saar Referndum
January 1935

The Saar, an industrial region on the Rhine river, had been passed into French control but, following a referendum, 90% voted to rejoin the Reich. This was a huge boost for Hitler.

Hitler officially announces Germany's rearmament and that he will be introducing conscription.

This broke the Treaty of Versailles but Hitler justified this by saying it was prompted by France's reintroduction of conscription.

The Stresa Front is formed.

Italy, France and Britain form the Stresa front in attempt to warn Germany off of rearming.

The Anglo-German Naval Agreement is signed.
June 1935

This agreement stated that Germany could have a navy 35% of the size of the British Navy. Britain was essentially allowing Germany to break the Treaty of Versailles. Britain did not inform the other members of the Stresa Front of this agreement which is what lead to the Front's collapse.

The Abyssinian Crisis

Italy attacked Abyssinia in an attempt to expand its empire. To Italy's disbelief, its actions were condemned by Britain and France who imposed economic sanctions upon them because of it. This resulted in Britain feeling as though its empire in Africa was threatened by Italy as well as Italy withdrawing its pledge to protect Austrian independence. Mussolini also said that they would no longer oppose Germany reoccupying the Rhineland.

The Rhineland is reoccupied by Germany.
March 1936

German troops re-enter the Rhineland after Hitler claims that the Franco-Soviet pact is a breach of the Treaty of Versailles. There was no opposition to this due to the crisis in Abyssinia and many felt Germany was simply reclaiming what was already theirs.

The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed.

The pact is signed by Germany and Japan. Italy would join a year later. The pact shows an alliance against communism and was intended to place pressure on the soviets.

Civil war breaks out in Spain.

Germany's involvement in this war gave Hitler an opportunity to test out battle techniques and was intended to show Britain Germany's stance against communism and gain their support. Additionally, Hitler had his eyes on Spanish resources and a pro-German government would increase the threat to France.

Ribbentrop attempts to secure an alliance with Britain.

Ribbentrop fails which shows Hitler that Britain is not willing to give him free rein in Europe.

The Hossbach Memorandum.
November 1937

Hitler summons his heads of armed forces to Berlin. Hitler states that Germany must gain lebsraum and that they must take action soon for Germany's military superiority over Britain and France would not surpass 1945.

Anschluss is finally achieved.

Hitler's dream of anschluss is finally achieved. After Schushcnigg discovers plans for another coup d'etat he invites Hitler to meet with him. Hitler pressures Schuschnigg into agreeing that Austrian economic and foreign policy should be run from Berlin but when Schuschnigg returns to Austria he decides to hold a referendum. This outrages Hitler who responds by invading Austria. German troops are unopposed and Schuschnigg is forced to resign. Hitler then changes his mind and decides to make Austria a province of the Reich rather than forming a union.

The Czech Crisis

Tensions build as unrest amongst ethnic Germans in Czechoslovakia is supported by Hitler. Chamberlain decides to get involved and meets with Hitler. Hitler declares he wants the Sudetenland. Chamberlain convinces the Czech government to agree. When Hitler is told the news he is upset as he no longer has an excuse to go to war with Czechoslovakia and so he ups his demands. This results in Italy calling a meeting to resolve the issue. France, Italy, Britain and Germany attend. The issue is resolved after serious losses to Czechoslovakia and Hitler promises to make no more territorial demands in Europe.

The remainder of Czechoslovakia is occupied by Germany.

There is unrest amongst the Slovaks as they demand more influence in government. Under pressure from Hitler, the Czech leader is forced to invite German troops into Czechoslovakia to restore law and order resulting in the remainder of the country falling.

The Polish Crisis begins

Hitler begins to make demands that he be allowed to build road and rail networks across the Polish Corridor.

Memel is seized by Germany.

Germany seizes Memel, a German speaking city, from Lithuania. Nazis in Memel invited Hitler into the city to restore it to the Reich and so Hitler did.

The Pact of Steel is signed.

Italy and Germany sign the Pact of Steel which states they will defend each other if there is an outbreak of war.

The Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed
August 1939

A pact is signed between Germany and Russia meaning that Hitler can focus on his enemies in the West. They also agree to carve up Poland between them. By gaining land in Poland, Russia is able to establish a buffer zone and also acted as compensation for being snubbed at Munich.

Germany attacks Poland.
September 1939Germany decides to attack Poland and so Britain and France give Germany the ultimatum to remove their troops of from Poland or face war against them. France and Britain declare war on Germany a few days later.