Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/8

Click to flip

8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the most common cancer in women over 25

Breast

What is the most common cancer in men over 50

Prostate

What is the prognosis of someone with cancer in the UK

50% are predicted to survive up to 10 years

What are the causes of DNA damage that lead to cancer

Chemical agents


Radiation


Infection


Inflammation


Chance

How does ionising radiation cause cancer

Breaks in DNA strands



How do metabolic processes cause cancer

Free radical oxygen species alter bases

How does UV B cause cancer

cross linking of pyrimidine dimers between adjacent cytosine and tyrosine bases

What are the 3 basic things which occur when cancer begins

Normal genes mutated into oncogenes


Tumour supressor genes inactivated


DNA repair genes inactivated