• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full ROM of a joint


Capability to be elongated or stretched

Dynamic ROM

The combination of flexibility and the nervous system's ability to control this ROM efficiently

Neuromuscular efficiency

The ability of the neuromuscular system to allow agonists, antagonists, and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all three planes of motion

Human Movement System (HMS)

AKA Kinetic Chain

Comprises the muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems

Postural distortion patterns

Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances. Patterns of dysfunction.

Relative flexibility

Altered movement patterns

The tendency for the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movements

Muscle imbalance

Alteration of muscle length surrounding a joint

Can be caused by: postural stress, emotional stress, repetitive movement, poor training technique, lack of core strength, etc.

Reciprocal inhibition

The simultaneous contraction of one muscle and the relaxation of its antagonist to allow movement to take place

Altered reciprocal inhibition

The concept of muscle inhibition, caused by a tight agonist, which inhibits its functional antagonist

Synergistic dominance

The neuromuscular phenomenon that occurs when inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak or inhibited prime mover

Arthrokinetic dysfunction

Altered forces at the joint that result in abnormal muscular activity and impaired neuromuscular commuication at the joint.

Muscle spindles

Major sensory organ of the muscle, composed of fibers that lie parallel to the muscle fiber. Sensitive to muscle length

FUNCTION: to help prevent muscles from stretching too far, or too fast.

Golgi tendon organs

Located within the musculotendinous junction -- the point where the muscle and the tendon meet. Sensitive to changes in muscular tension and the rate of tension change.

When excited, the GTO causes the muscle to relax, which prevents the muscle from being placed under too much stress

Autogenic inhibition

The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause muscles to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles

EXAMPLE: Foam rolling over a tender spot, hold for 30 seconds, release. The muscle relaxes = autogenic inhibition

Pattern overload

Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may place abnormal stresses on the body

Cumulative injury cycle

Tissues trauma > inflammation > muscle spasm > adhesions > altered neuromuscular control > muscle imbalance

Davis' Law

States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress

Adhesions can begin to form permanent structural changes in the soft tissues.

Flexibility continuum

Corrective flexibility - SMR & static stretching

Active flexibility - SMR & active iso stretching

Functional flexibility - SMR & dynamic stretching

Static stretching

The process of passively taking a muscle to the point of tension and holding the stretch for 30+ seconds

Active Isolated stretching

The process of using agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a ROM

Dynamic stretching

The active extension of a muscle, using force production and momentum, to move a joint through the full available ROM