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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How much physical activity is needed in a week to substantially reduce the risk of chronic health problems? Page 106
Page 106: 2.5 hours of moderate aerobic physical activity a week
What type of program should be developed for clients and what should be considered? Page 107
Page 107: a program that is individualized, systematic, and integrated that considers the client's goals, needs, and abilities.
What is the benefit of fitness assessments? Page 107
Page 107: they are ongoing ways of communicating information between the personal trainer and the client, ensuring fitness goals are constantly monitored and evaluated to make sure the client's individual health and wellness goals are achieved
What should the trainer do instead of diagnosing medical conditions? Page 108
Page 108: obtain guidelines from a physician , screen clients for limitations, and identify potential risk factors during screenings
What should a trainer do instead of prescribing treatment? Page 108
Page 108: design an individualized, systematic, and progressive exercise program and refer clients to medical practitioners for medical exercise prescriptions
What should a trainer do instead of prescribing diets? Page 108
Page 108: provide general information healthy eating and refer clients to a qualified dietitian for specific diet plans
What should a trainer do instead of providing treatment to any kind of injury or disease? Page 108
Page 108: refer clients to qualified medical practitioner and assist client in following medical advice
What should a trainer do instead of providing rehabilitation services for clients? Page 108
Page 108: design an exercise program for clients after being released for rehabilitation and provide post rehabilitation services
What should a trainer do instead of providing counseling services for clients? Page:108
Page 108: act as a coach for clients, provide general information, and refer clients to a qualified therapist or counselor
Why is knowing a client's occupation important? Page 111
Page 111: to determine common movement patterns and energy levels and assisting the trainer and understanding the client's musculoskeletal structure and function as well as limitations and possible restrictions
Why is understanding how often the clients for extended time necessary? Page 111
Page 111: because of client sit for long periods, their hips are flex for prolonged periods which can lead to tight hip flexors and postural and balances
Why is understanding if the client has repetitive movements during work important? Page 111
Page 111: because repetitive movements can create a pattern overload to muscles and joints which may lead to tissue trauma and eventually kinetic chain dysfunction
Why is knowing if the client with professional dress and dressings important? Page 112
Page 112: because she wearing shoes with high heels but the ankle complex in a plantarflexed motion for extended periods leading to tightness in other parts of the body and flattening of the arch of the foot
Why is understanding any mental stress the client may be under important? Page 112
Page 112: because mental stress or anxiety can cause elevated resting heart rate, blood pressure, and ventilation
Why is recreation important during assessment? Page 112
Page 112: because it could assist the trainer and designing a more enjoyable exercise program to fit the needs and desires of the client
Why is understanding past injuries important? Page 113
Page 113: because previous history of musculoskeletal issues are strong predictors for future musculoskeletal injuries during physical activity
List the eight chronic conditions highlighted in the text. Page 115
Page 115: cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease, or congestive heart failure, hypertension or high blood pressure, high cholesterol or other blood lipid disorders, stroke or peripheral artery disease, lung or breathing problems, obesity, diabetes mellitus, cancer
Why is understanding a client's medication history important? Page 116
Page 116: because medications affect heart rate and blood pressure
How is maximum heart rate determined? Page 119
Page 119: 220 minus the person's age
What are the four methods for determining body composition? Page 121 to 129
Page 121 - 129: body composition assessment, circumference measurements, waist to hip ratio, and body mass index
What are the two cardiorespiratory assessments identified in the text? Page 129 to 133
Page 129 to 133: the YMCA 3-minute step test and the Rockport walk test
Describe assessments used when observing dynamic. Page 139 to 150
Page 139 - 150: overhead squats assessment, single leg squat assessment, pushing assessment, pulling assessment
What performance assessments can a trainer use in determining wellness of a client? Page 150 to 155
Page 150 to 155: push up a test, Davies test, shark skill test, upper extremity strength assessment - bench press , lower extremity strength assessment - squat