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81 Cards in this Set

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col, coll', colla, colle

with (coll'ottava = with added octave)

ad libitum

At the liberty of the performer

Adagio

A slow tempo (faster than largo, slower than andante)

alla, all'

in the manner of



allargando / allarg.

broadening, becoming slower

allegretto

fairly fast (slower than allegro)

allegro

fast

andante

moderately slow / walking pace

andantino

faster than andante

animato

lively; animated

arco

String instruments: resume bowing after pizzicato

assai

much; very much (allegro assai = very fast)

attacca

proceed without a break

ben, bene

well (ben marcato = well marked)

bewegt

moving

calando

becoming slower and softer

cedez

yield, hold tempo back

comodo

At a nice easy tempo

con

with



con fuoco

with fire

con moto

with movement

crescendo / cresc.

becoming louder

dolente

sad

e, ed

and

giocoso

humourous

grazioso

graceful

langsam

slow/slowly

largamente

broadly

larghetto

slightly faster than largo

largo

very slow

leger

light, lightly

leggeiro

light, nimble, quick

lentement

slowly

lento

slow

l'istesso tempo

the same tempo

loco

return to normal register

ma

but (ma non troppo = but not too much)

maestoso

majestic

mano destra, M.D.

right hand

mano sinistra, M.S.

left hand

martellato

strongly accented, hammered

massig

moderate, moderately

meno

less

meno mosso

less movement, slower

mesto

sad, mournful

mit

with

mit Austruck

with expression

moderato / modere

at a moderate tempo

molto

very, much

morendo

dying, fading away

mouvement

tempo, notation

non

not

non troppo

not too much

pesante

weighty, with emphasis

piu

more

pio mosso

more movement

poco

little

poco a poco

little by little

prestissimo

as fast as possible

primo, prima

first, the upper part of a duet

quasi

almost, as if

rallentando, rall

slowing down

risoluto

resolute

ritenuto

suddenly slower, held back

rubato

with freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression

scherzando

playful

secondo, seconda

second, lower part of a duet

sehr

very

semplice

simple

sempre

always, continuously

simile

continue in the same manner as previously indicated

sonore

sonorous

sopra

above

sotto voce

soft, subdued, under the breath

tempo primo

return to the original tempo

troppo

too much

vite

fast

vivace

lively, brisk

vivo

lively

volta

time (prima volta = first time)

volti subito, v.s.

turn the page quickly