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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pitch
highness or lowness of a sound
dynamic level
level of volume
forte
loud
piano
soft in dynamic level
crescendo
becoming louder
decresendo
diminuendo
becoming softer
meter
organization of rhythm into patterns of strong and weak beats
syncopation
occurrence of accents on weak beats, or between beats
tempo
rate of speed at which a musical piece is performed
rhythm
arrangement of time in music
melody
meaningful succession of pitches
theme
melody that recurs throughout a section, a movement, or an entire composition
scale
ascending or descending pattern of half steps, whole steps, or both.
consonance
passive sound that seems to be at rest
dissonance
active, unsettled sound
texture
manner in which melodic lines are used in music
monophonic texture
one unaccompanied melodic line
homophonic texture
melodic line accompanied by chordal harmony
polyphonic texture
combo of 2+ simultaneous melodic lines
harmony
simultaneous sounding of 2+ different tones conceived as a unit
round
melody that may be performed by 2+ voices entering at different times, producing meaningful harmony
chord
meaningful (not random) combo of 3+ tones
timbre
characteristic quality of the sound of a voice or instrument
symphony
multimovement orchestral form
concerto
multimovement work for orchestra and an instrumental soloist
movement
section of a complete work that has its own formal design and a degree of independence but is conceived as a part of the whole.
usually separated from other movements by a pause.
chamber music
music for a small instrumental ensemble with one instrument per line of music
improvisation
process of simultaneously composing and performing music
classical style
restrained, objective style of art
1750-1825
romantic style
emotional, subjective style of art.
prevalent in 19th century
Gregorian chant
music to which portions of the Catholic service are sung (since sixth century).
texture - monophonic
timbre - unaccompanied voices sung in unison
Mass
Roman Catholic worship service
Medieval Period
500 - 1450
Renaissance
"Rebirth." Period of renewed interest in the classical arts of ancient Greece and Rome.
1450-1600.
a cappella
unaccompanied group singing
chorale
characteristic hymn introduced by Martin Luther
madrigal
secular song, introduced in Italy, became popular in England.
texture - polyphonic
mood - expressive
written in the vernacular
recorder
end-blown win instrument, sometimes called a whistle flute
developed in Middle Ages, very popular in Ren.
tone is soft and slightly reedy
sonata
(1) 15-16th century = instrumental composition to be "sounded" on instruments rather than sung
(2) in Baroque, multimovement composition for 1 or 2 solo instruments accompanied by continuo
(3)after Baroque, multimovement composition for 1 or 2 solo instruments
oratorio
multimovement dramatic vocal work on a religious subject, performed in concert style
cantata
multimovement dramatic vocal work on a religious or secular subject, performed in concert style
shorter than an oratorio
beat
basic rhythmic pulse of music
opera
dramatic vocal form blending visual, literary, and musical arts, in which all dialogue is sung
recitative
speechlike setting of a text, with homophonic accompaniment by a keyboard (dry recitative) or an orchestra (accompanied recitative)
suite
collection of stylized dance pieces for keyboard
an orchestral piece consisting of selections from a dramatic work or dance
sonata-allegro form
"first movement form"
three sections (exposition, development, and recapitulation) form a ternary design
string quartet
chamber ensemble consisting of two violins, a viola, and a cello
overture
introductory orchestral piece
Requiem
mass for the dead
metronome
instrument to measure tempo
motive
short melodic phrase that may be effectively developed
Lieder
German art songs
program symphony
multimovement orchestral work whose form is based on programmatic concepts
aria
songlike vocal piece, musically expressive, with orchestral accompaniment
generally homophonic in texture