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31 Cards in this Set

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songs with a rhyming text, regular meter and phrasing, often featuring the meter and form or a dance. Less elaborate than arias. leading genre of vocal chamber music
(French for German) stylized, moderately fast 44 beginning on upbeat
binary form
two roughly equal sections, each repeated, the frist leading harmonically from the tonic to close on the dominant, the second returning to tonic
Lully created with Louis' support. 1670s, distinctively french, elements of ballet and opera. Moliere was the playwright--text was propaganda
(running) upbeat but is in a moderate triple or compound meter
court ballet
substantial musical-dramatic work, costumes and scenery, featured members of the corut alongside progessional dancers
(diversions) long interludes of dancing and choral singing
french baroque
shaped by dance and absolute monarchy, craved artificiality, text most important
french church music
borrowed sacred concerto and oratorio from Italy, but wrote in French styles.
french organ music
use of agrements, color, timbre.
french overture
2 sections, each played twice. First is homophonic/majestic/dotted rhythms. Second is faster, fugal but sometimes returns to the figuration of 1st section.
(jig) fast compound meter with wide melodic leaps and continuous lively triplets
grand motet
soloists, double chorus, orchestra. syllabic solors, homophonic and fugal choruses, operatic airs and duets and contrasts of texture/mood
harpsichord (clavecin)
harpsichord absorbed many characterists of lute style. clavecenists: printed collections of music (D'Anglebert, Couperin)
Italy, France, England & Germany in 1600s
Italy: leading musical region, virtuosic and expressive. opera/instrumental
France: king used he arts for propaganda/control: Italy's biggest competitor. Elegant and restrained. social and cultural impact (respected for language, lit)England and Germany combined both.
Jean Baptiste Lully
wrote for ballets, religious services, and dramatic music. Born in Italy, pioneered French overture, opera, and modern (strict bowing) orchestra. French recitative. had sole control of opera performed in France
Music at Court in France under Louis XIV
150-200 musicians, 3 divisions: the Music of the Royal Chapel (for religious services), Music of the Chamber (indoor entertainment) and Music of the Great Stable (military and outdoor ceremonies but sometimes joined indoors)
Music of the Great Stable
created modern oboe, initiated the rise to prominence of woodwind instruments in orchestras.
notes inegales
liltlike triplets or dotted rhythms, matter of expression and elegance left to the player's discretion
ensemble whose core consists of strings with more than one player performing each part
a dotted note is held longer than its notated value and following note is shortened
(opening) marking the entry ofg the king and welcoming all to the performance
petit motet
sacred concerto for few voices with continuo
recitatif measure
deliberate motion in accompaniament
recitatif simple
duple and triple meter to sound natural, followed contours of french
refrain alternates with contrasting periods (couplets)
slow, dignified dance in triple meter with emphasis on 2nd beat
style luthe (style brise)
sketched in the melody bass and harmony in one register, relying on imagination to fill in. imitated by harpsichord players
grouper series of stylized dances
tragedie en musique/lyrique
French form of opera by Lully with drama, music, and ballet
unmeasured prelude
nonmetric noation allows rhythmic freedom, as if improvising