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Name the 3 types of connective tissue which make up the skeletal system.

1. Bone


2. Cartilage


3. Dense connective tissue

What is cartilage?

The precursor to all bones in the body, cartilage remains in many joints between bones and forms some other key structures of the body (e.g. tip of nose).

What is dense connective tissue?

Forms ligaments, which surround and support joints, and forms the periosteum and endosteum, which are membranes that surround bone.

What is cartilage majorly composed of?

Water

What does the water in cartilage allow?

Allows resilience - the ability to regain its shape after compression.

Does cartilage have a blood or nerve supply?

No.

What surrounds cartilage?

Perichondrium.

What is the perichondrium?

A layer of dense irregular connective tissue. This layer contains blood vessels from which gases and nutrients diffuse into the cartilage.

What feature of cartilage allows it to accommodate growth?

A flexible matrix.

What are the 2 types of cartilaginous growth?

1. Appositional growth


2. Interstitial growth

What is appositional growth?

New cartilage is formed on the exterior surface.

What is interstitial growth?

New cartilage is formed internally (growth from inside out).