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14 Cards in this Set

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content scales - how derived? contents? when? how useful?
After MMPI-2 published. 1990, to replace similar scales that existed for the MMPI. Rationally derived, and tested empirically. 15 scales: Anxiety -ANX, Fears - FRS, obsessiveness -OBS, depression -DEP, Health Concerns -HEA, Bizarre Mentation -BIZ, Anger -ANG, Cynicism -CYN, Antisocial Practices -ASP, type A Behavior -TPA, Low self-esteem -LSE, Social Discomfort -SOD, Family Problems -FAM, Work Interference -WRK, negative Treatment Indicators -TRT. Clinicians should view these scores as direct communication from the cts. Use the results to show an awareness of their issues.
Content Component Scales - what are they? when/how use them?
FActor analyzed 12 of the 15 Content Scales (none for ANX, OBS,and WRK). Most helpful when parent content scale is >60, and the score on one of the component scales is at least 10 pts higher than the other component scale(s) for the same parent content scale.
Critical items - what are they? how use them?
Items whose content has been judged to be indicative of serious psychopathology or crisis areas (anxiety, SI, assault, substance abuse, mental confusion, persecutory ideas). Should ask the ct about the ones that are endorsed to see if the area is problematic.
RC - Restructured Clinical Scales: what are they in general? why developed?
Factor analysis identified a general factor common to the clinical scales: anxiety or general maladjustment or emotional distress. Authors took it out to get more distinctive clinical scales. They called the factor RCd for "demoralization" or the unpleasant-pleasant dimension of self-reported affect. No RC scales for 5 and 0 at present.
What are the RC scales specifically?
RCd (dem) Demoralization
RC1 (som) Somatic Complaints
RC2 (lpe) Low Positive Emotions
RC3 (cyn) Cynicism
RC4 (asb) Antisocial Behavior
RC6 (per) Ideas of Persecution
RC7 (dne) Dysfunctional Negative Emotions
RC8 (abx) Aberrant Experiences
RC9 (hpm) Hypomanic Activation
Issues with the RC scales?
some are redundant with corresponding content and/or clinical scales (e.g., RC1, 1 and HEA). Relatively new so ltd research.
How use RC in interpretation?
If both clinical and RC scores are high, can look at core sonstruct for the clinical scale as well as characteristics associated with it. If clinical is high but RC is not, it is quite likely that the high score may be a product of general demoralization rather than the core construct. If RC is high adn clinical is not, CAN make inference about core construct since lower clinical score is likely due to lack of demoralization (should confirm that RCd is not high).
Purpose of PSY-5 (Personality Psychopathology) Scales? PSY-5 Facet Scales?
Looks at dimensional rather than categorical classification of personality functioning. they measure enduring personality characteristics. Facet scales were derived to gget better predictive accuracy for personality psychopathology. Facets should only be used to clarify the meaning of high PSY-5 parent scales. Only constructed in 2002, so little research
What are the PSY-5 scales?
AGGR - Aggressiveness
PSYC - Psychoticism
DISC - Disconstraing (impulsivity can also interpret low scores)
NEGE - Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism
INTR - Introversion/ Low Positive Emotionality (can interpret low scores)
What are the Supplementary Scales
just various scales that various people have thought up and validated for particular uses. To be looked at in conjuction with clinical and validation scales, not independently
Examples of Supplementary Scales?
A - Anxiety
R - Repression
ES - Ego Strength
Do - Dominance
what is the Mac-R scale? cutoff?
macAndrew Alcoholism scale. Cut off is raw score of 28 (out of 49) to suggest substance abuse.
Addiction Acknowledgment Scale - has obvious content related to substance abuse. 13 items. T> 60 admitting a problem. Can't interpret low scores
Addiction potential Scale - vulnerability to substance abuse but not necessarily taking place. many items not obviously related to substances.