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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Information System
Organized combination of people, hardware, software, communications networks, data resources, and policies and procedures that stores, receives, transforms, and disseminates information in an organization.
Information Technologies
Various hardware, software, networking, and data management components necessary for the system to operate
Computer-Based Information Systems
Computer hardware technologies (microcomputers, mainframe systems, input, output devices, etc)

Computer software technologies (operating system software, browsers, software drivers, etc)

Telecommunications network technologies - Telecommunication media, processors, and software for wireless access

Data resource management technologies - Database management system software
Roles That Information Systems Play For Businesses
Support of business processes and operations
Support of decision making by employers
Support of strategies for competitive advantage
Use of Internet technologies to work and empower business processes, electronic commerce, and enterprise collaboration within a company and with its customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders
Internal network, private, only employers, etc
Allows outside people access onto internal network
Enterprise Collaboration Systems
Involve the use of software tools to support communication, coordination, and collaboration among the members of networked teams and workgroups
Electronic Commerce
Buying, selling, marketing, and servicing of products, services, and information over a variety of computer networks
Operation Support Systems
Needed for support of business operations - 3 types
Transaction Processing Systems (Type of Operation Support System)
Process data resulting from business transactions, update operational databases, and produce business documents
Ex. Accounting Systems
Process Control Systems
(Type of Operation Support System)
Monitor and control industrial processes
Ex. Power Generation
Enterprise Collaboration Systems
(Type of Operation Support System)
Support team, workgroup, and enterprise communications and collaborations
Ex. Email
Management Support Systems - 3 Types
Support of Managerial Decision Making
Management Information Systems
(Type of Management Support System)
Provide information in the form of prespecified reports and displays to support business decision making.
Ex. Sales Analysis
Decision Support Systems
(Type of Management Support System)
Provide interactive ad hoc support for the decision-making process of managers and other business professionals
Ex. Product Pricing
Executive Information Systems
(Type of Management Support System)
Provide critical information from MIS, DDS, and other sources tailored to the information needs of executives.
Ex. Actions of Competitors
Capturing and assembling elements that enter the system to be processed
Transformation processes that convert input into output
Transferring elements that have been produced by a transformation process to their ultimate destination
Data about the performance of a system
Monitoring and evaluating feedback to determine whether a system is moving toward the achievement of its goal. The control function then makes the necessary adjustments to a system's input and processing components to ensure that it produces proper input
Information System Model
Information system depends on resources of people (end users/IS specialists), hardware (machines/media), software (programs/procedures), data (data and knowledge bases), and networks (communications media and network support) to perform input, processing, output, storage, and control activities that convert data resources into information products
Raw facts about physical phenomena or business transactions
Data that has been converted into meaningful and useful context for end users
Enterprise Collaboration Systems
Enhance team and workgroup communications and productivity