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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Describe Mandible

The lower jaw bone, largest and strongest bone of the face

What is myology

Study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles

What are the 3 parts of a muscle

Origin, insertion and belly

What is the orbicularis oculi?

Muscle that enables you to close your eyes

What is another name for striated?

Voluntary muscle

Describe epicranius

Broad muscle that covers top of skull

What includes a nucleus, organelle, cytoplasm, and cell membrane?

Principle parts of a cell

What is anabolism?

Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones. During which the body stores water, food, and oxygen for the times they are needed for cell growth and repair

What is metabolism?

Complex chemical process where cells are nourished and supplied with energy needed to carry on their activities

What cells need in order to grow and thrive?

Proper temp. Eliminate waste products, adequate supply of food, oxygen and water

What is protoplasm?

Colorless, jelly like substance which food elements, proteins, fats, crab, mineral salts and water are present in a cell

Where is the nucleus located? What Important role does it play?

Center of cell. Reproduction

Define cytoplasm

Protoplasm of a cell but not found in nucleus

What is another name for adipose tissue? What does it do?

Fat. Gives smoothness and contour to the body

Define catabolism

Process of breaking down larger substances or molecules into smaller ones

What is a tissue?

Collection of similar cells that preform the same function

What is epithelial?

Protective covering on body surface. Skin, mucous, membranes, linings of the heart, digestive and respitory organs and glands

What are supinators?

Muscles that turn hand outwards and palm upwards

What are biceps?

Muscles that produce the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm, lift the for arm and flex the elbow

What is a pectoralis?

Muscle that assists in the swing of the arms

The external maxillary artery is also know as

Facial artery

What are flexors?

Muscles that involve the bending or flexing of the wrists

What are extensors?

Muscles that straighten the wrist, hands, and figures to from a straight line

What is an abductor?

Muscles located at the base of each digit that separate the figures

What is connective tissue?

Supports, protects and binds together other tissues of the body

What are organs?

Structures of the body that are designed to accomplish a specific function

What are systems?

Groups of the body that cooperate for a common purpose. The entire well fare of the body

Skin is another name for

Integumentary system

Bones are another name for

Skeletal system

What is the frontal bone located?


What Is maxillae?

Bones of upper jaw

Humerus is the

Uppermost and largest bone of the arm

Occipital is the

Hindmost bone of the skull

What is simulated by massage, heat and chemicals?

Muscular tissue

What is platysma?

Broad muscle that extends from the chest and shoulder muscles to the side of the chin and is responsible for lowering the jaw and lip

The stomach and intestines are called the

Digestive system

Frontalis is the

Front portion of the epicranius

How many bones make up the cranium?


Parietal are the bones that

For the sides and top of the cranium

Temporal are the bones that

For the sides of the head in the ear region.

Corrugator is the

Muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the for head vertically

What is the masseter?

One of the muscles of the jaw used in chewing

Epicranial aponeurosis is a

Tendon that connects the occipitals and frontales

What does the sternocleidomastoid muscle do?

Rotates and depresses the head as in nodding

What is a deltoid?

Large, thick, triangular-shapped muscle that covers the shoulder and lifts and turns the arm outwards

What is epithelial tissue?

Protective covering on the body's surfaces. Skin, mucous, membranes, linings of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs and glands

What is a nerve?

Tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all body functions

Blood supply is another name for what system?


What is mitosis?

Process by which cells divide and reproduce forming a daughter cell also know ad binary fussion

What happens during catabolism?

Energy can be stored by special molecules and used for muscle contraction, secretion or heat production