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59 Cards in this Set

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Daghestani

Speakers of languages in the Daghestanian branch of Northeast Caucasian



Indo-European

a language family including Albanian, Greek, Romance, Slavic, Iranian & Indic languages of Turkey

Semitic

Language family including Neo-Aramaic and Arabic (in Turkey)

Uralic

Language family including Finnish & Hungarian. Not related to Altaic.

Kartvelian

Language family of South Caucasian, including Laz (in Turkey)

NW Caucasian (Abaxaz-Adyghe)

Language family including Circassian & other languages (in Turkey)

Ubyx

NW Caucasian language that has the record # for consonants in the Guiness Book of World Records. Last fluent speaker lived & died in Turkey.

Nakh-Daghestanian

NE Caucasian language family including Chechen, Lezgian, Lak, and other languages spoken in Turkey

Göçmen

Immigrant; especially a Muslim forced to emigrate to what became Turkey as Ottoman Empire receded. Muhacir.

Muhacir

immigrant, especially a Muslim forced to emigrate to what became Turkey as Ottoman Empire receded. Göçmen.

millet

non-Muslim nation defined by religion in the late Ottoman Empire

tâ'ife

"group" precedes use of millet in Ottoman Turkey. Used for religious groups and others.

Umma

"nation" (Arabic) - the collective Islamic community

Talât Pasa (Pasha)

member of the CUP ruling triumvariate during WWI. Chief architect of Armenian genocide

sehirli

town-dweller. Old urban families in Ottoman Turkey

kasabalī

dweller in a small town. refers to old urban families (esp. Tetovo)

Romani

an Indic language spoken by Roms (Gypsies)

Çingene

a Turkish equivalent of "Gypsy" (kīptī)

Kīptī

a Turkish equivalent of "Gypsy" (çingene)

Geg

the northern dialect group of Albanian

Tosk

the southern dialect group of Albanian

Roman (Turkish)

the Turkish equivalent of Rom

Çengi

a dancing girl. From Persian çeng "harp"; (no relation to çingene)

Ashkalli

Albanian speaking ethnic group of Romani origin

Turoyo

a form of Neo-Aramaic spoken by Christians in Turkey & Syria

Neo-Aramaic

A Semitic language/group of languages spoken by Christians in Turkey & adjacent regions (& some Jews in Israel)

Bosnian

an inhabitant of Bosnia OR Muslim speaker of the former Serbo-Croatian

Bosniac

a Bosnian Muslim OR Muslim speaker of the former Serbo-Croatian

Hemshin/Hemshinli

Armenian-speaking Muslims

Shabbatai Tzvi

A Jew born in Izmir who proclaimed himself the Messiah in 1648 & converted to Islam in 1666

Dönme

A follower of, or bliever in Shabbatai Tzvi; a Sabbatean

QWX

the letters that are indexical of Kurdish in Turkey (except in Trump Tower)

Katharevousa

Atticized Modern Greek (Demotic); "puristic" Greek

Pomak

Slavic-Speaking Muslim originally from what is now Bulgaria or Greek Thrace

Torbesh

Macedonian-speaking Muslims

Goran

Slavic-speaking Muslims from SW corner of Kosovo, OR one of the villages across the border in Albania

Zazaki

NW Iranian language in the same group as Kurdish

Kurmanji

Northern dialect of Kurdish (spoken in Turkey & Iraq)

Sorani

Southern dialect of Kurdish (spoken outside of Turkey)

Persian

most widely spoken southwest Iranian language

Laz

a Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language whose speakers are Muslim & live in Turkey

Mingrelian

language closest to Laz, spoken by Christians in Georgia

Georgian

only Kartvelian language with a literary tradition. Most speakers are Christians, but some (Adjarians) are Muslim

Circassian

NW Caucasian language once spoken by groups all ove the Ottoman Empire

Nakh-Daghestanian

The Northeast Caucasian language family, includes Lezgian, Lak & other languages (in Turkey)

Molokhan

a Russian-speaking Christian sect

Karamanli

Turkish-speaking Greek Orthodox Christian

Sephardim

Jews from Iberian peninsula; many settled in Ottoman Empire

Ashkenazim

Jews originally from territory of Holy Roman Empire; many settled in Eastern Europe

Mizrahim

Jews from Middle East, North Africa & Central Asia

Romaniotes

Greek-speaking Jews

Ladino

Hispanic language spoken by Sephardim

Yiddish

Germanic language spoken by Ashkenazim

Yavanic

Judeo-Greek spoken by the Romaniotes

Altaic

language family OR srachbund to which the Turkic languages belong

Tungusic

Altaic language group

Chuvash

only living language in Turkic group that belongs to sub-goup that included Hunnic, Khazar & Bulgar

taxar/dokuz

Chuvash/Turkish for "9" - illustrates the regular r/z correspondence that constitutes the major division within Turkic

Turkistani

collective term for Turkic-speakers of Central Asian origin in Turkey