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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Swiss cheese

Large holes(⬆️CO2)


Propionibacterium sharmanii


Citric acid

Aspergillus niger

Acetic acid(vinegar)

Acetobacter aceti

Butyric acid

Clostridium butylicum


Used to make rancid butter

Lipases

Candida lipolytica


Used in detergent formulations to remove oil strain


Pectinases and proteases

Make bottled juices clearer

Streptokinase

Streptococcus


As clot buster (to remove clots in case of myocardial infarction)

Cyclosporin A

Immunosupressive in organ transplant


(F) trichoderma polysporum

Statins

Yeast( monascus purpureus)


Blood cholesterol lowering agent


(competitive inhibitors)

Roquefort cheese

Fungi penicillium Roquefortii

Camembert cheese


P. Camembertii

Curd is more nutritious than milk as

1)more vitamins ( B¹²)


2)LAB checks microbes in stomach

Bread

Dough is fermentated by saccharomyces cerevisiae(Baker yeast)


Swelling of dough➡️leavning


By 3 enzymes amylase, zymase, and maltase



(zam)

Dosa and idli

Leuconostoc and Streptococcus bacteria

Toddy

Traditional drinks of South India


SAP of Palm by caryota urens(yeast)

Cheese types

Soft (50-80% water)


Semi hard(45%)


Hard(less than 40%)

Without distillation

Less than 13% alcohol content


Wine(fruit juices 9-12%)


beer(barley malt 3-6%)

Distilled beverage

Whisky(cereals 50%)


brandy(fruit juice 60%)


rum(molasses 40%)


Vodka/Russian wine(potato 60-80%)

Antibiotics

Term➡️wolksman


1st ab- Fleming while working on staphylococcus bac


Full potential by- chain and florey



Penicillin used extensively in 2nd world war

First bac. Antibiotic

Streptomycin

Bacitracin

Bacillus licheniformis

Chlorotetracylin(Tetracycline)


Aureomycin

Streptomyces aureofaciens

Streptomycin

S. Griseus

Ab from fungi

1) penicillin ➡️P. Chrysogenum


2)griseofulvin


3)fumagilin

Sewage treatment

Done by heterotrophic microbs naturally +nt in sewage(2 stages)


1) 1° - physical removal of particles by filtration and sedimentation


Effluent from here is taken to ↙️


2) 2° stage( biological)



Mycorrhiza

Members of genus glomus form mycorrhiza. Fungal part absorbs phosphorus. Forplant


In paddy fields, cyanobacteria serve as important bio fertilizer

BGA also add organic matter to soil