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40 Cards in this Set

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Lucretius
Disease caused by invisible living creatures
98-55 BCE
Aristotle
Spontaneous Generation
384-322 BCE
Anthonie van Leeuwehoek
father of microbiology
drew & described bacteria & protozoa “wee animalcules”
1673
Hooke
1st micro drawing ("hairy mold" colony of fungus)
1665
Redi
Proved spon. gen. of maggots doesn't happen
1680s
Lavoisier
Air contains O2, and there isn't enough O2 in closed flask to support microbes
Mid 1700s
Needham
Spon. Gen. supporter
"Vital force"
Leclerc
Spon. Gen. supporter
Jublot
No spon. gen.
Described protozoa
Schroder, van Dusch
filtered air w/ cotton to disprove spon. gen.
Schleiden & Schwann
Developed "Cell Theory"
No spon. gen.
Schwann
Discovered yeast is alive
Shultze
Heated air to kill microbes, disprove spon. gen.
Spallazani
Air carries germs
Bacterial binary fission
Pastuer
Swan-necked flask experiment.
Finally disproved spon. gen.
mid 1800s
Koch
Found spore-like bodies in Bacillus anthracis
1874
Tyndall
heat-resistant life-forms
dust carries microbes
1876
Cohn
Named heat-resistant forms of bacteria "endospores"
Gaken
Imbalance btwn humors
150AD
Fracastoro
Invisible "germs" cause disease
1546
Van Helmont
theorized mice from wheat
1600s
Bassi de Lodi
Silkworm disease caused by fungus
1835
Berkley
Potato blight caused by fungus
Phytophthora infestans
1845
Heinrich de Bary
Smuts & rusts caused cereal crop diseases
1853
Louis Pasteur- other
Discovered pebrine disease of silkworms due to microsporan Nosema bombysis
1857
Henle & Koch
Established criteria relating anthrax to Bacillus anthacis
1877
Semmelweis
Hand-washing prevents puerperal fever
Used chlorine antiseptic
1847
Lister
Sterilization of instruments w/ heat
Phenol as aniseptic
1865
Jenner
Smallpox Vaccination (1st vac.)
1798
Winogradsky
Studied soil bacteriology.
Dev. model ecosystem
1887-90
Beijerinck
Use of enrichment cultures
Atlas
Modern methods for microbial ecology
Colwell
"Viable but nonculturable bacteria"
Studied vibrio.
Lynn Margulis
Endosymbiont hypothesis
Brock
Discovered archeons
Pace
Sequenced thermophiles
Woese & Fox
Used 16S rRNA
Developed 3-domain system
Venter & Frasier
Sequencing of bacterial genomes
Nelson
Sequencing of Thermotoga
H. Smith
Sequencing of H. Influenza
1995