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44 Cards in this Set

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Citrinin

Cardiac beriberi

Psilocybin

Mycetismus cerebralis

Pigeon poop; thick capsular polysaccharide

Cryptococcosis

Inhalation of water

Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (Naegleriafowleri)

Winterbottom’s Sign (swollen lymph nodes);tsetse flies; chancre at bite; trypomastigotes

African Trypanosomiasis

Raccoon roundworm; larvae migrate to nervoussystem; no worms develop; vision loss; larva in biopsy

Neural larva migrans

Infection by uncooked mollusks or crustaceans;rats as reservoir; eosinophilic tissue around larva

Angiostrongylosis

Cause elephantiasis:

· Basidiobolomycosis (Basidiobolus ranarum) with woodyconsistency; Subcutaneous Zygomycosis




· Filariasis (Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugiamalayi)

Freely movable cutaneous nodules; elephantiasis;soil and reptile dung; hyphae with swollen ends and papilla

Basidiobolomycosis

Nasal swellings; painless nasal polyps;subcutaneous nodules; hyphae with terminal conidia

Conidiobolomycosis

Chlamydospores in asteroid bodies; cigar shapedbudding yeasts

Sporotrichosis

Contaminated catheter; non-encapsulatedyeast-like cells

Rhodotorulosis

Tick bite; pear-shaped merozoites; “Maltese cross” inside erythrocytes; hemolyticanemia

Babesiosis

Blackwater Fever (renal failure); mosquito bite;sporozoites injected; merozoites, schizonts, or gametocytes seen

Malaria (Plasmodium)

Romana’s Sign (swollen eye); reduviid bug feces;metacyclic trypomastigotes

American Trypanosomiasis/ Chaga’s Disease

Mosquito’s in tropical areas; worm inlymphatics; warty-like skin; microfilariae

Filariasis

Allergic reaction to inhalation of spores

Lycoperdonosis

Cotton-wool spots in retina; interstitial plasmacell pneumonia; crescent-shaped cysts

Pneuomocystosis

Spore-contaminated fomites; hay; fungus balls;acute-angle branching septate hyphae

Aspergillosis

Arthrospores; soil

Geotrichosis

Spore-contaminated fomites; microabscesses;right-angle branching nonseptate hyphae

Mucormycosis

Large, branching, septate hyaline hyphae;intracellular; soil

Hyalohyphomycosis

“Crab Claw” shadow; dry cough; broad-based,budding yeast cells

Blastomycosis

Bad watery diarrhea; malabsorption;self-limiting enteritis; internal autoinfection; 4-6 micron round oocysts with4 pyriform-shaped nuclei

Cryptosporidiosis

Villous blunting, food malabsorption, waterydiarrhea; unsporulated, glassy wrinkled spherical oocysts

Cyclosporiasis

Collagen deposition, watery diarrhea,malabsorption; ovoid, unsporulated oocysts with 2 layered walls

Isosporiasis

Greasy diarrhea; inflammation of gall bladder;flagellated trophozoites with 2 nuclei or cysts with 4 nuclei and axostyles

Giardiasis

Dysentery with severe diarrhea; secreteshyaluronidase and proteolytic enzymes; large ulcers and abscesses in GI; ciliatedovoid trophozoites or cysts, containing kidney-shaped macronuclei

Balantidiasis

Spores with central waistband, a coiled polartubule and 2 nuclei; watery diarrhea

Microsporidiosis

Ingestion of infected fish with metacercariae;worms live in bile duct and liver; biliary tract carcinomas; liver enlargementwith anemia; ascites; diarrhea; small thick-shelled operculated eggs

Clonorchiasis

Enlarged fibrotic liver and spleen; squamouscell epithelioma; conjunctival granulomas; cercariae penetrate skin in water;worms live in blood vessels; eggs migrate to GI and urinary bladder; operculatedeggs with single spines

Schistosomiasis/ Bilharzia

Infection by eating raw plants; worms live inbile duct and liver; worms and eggs damage liver tissue and other organs; largethin-shelled operculated eggs

Fascioliasis

Infection by eating raw infected fish withplerocercoid larvae; enteritis; worms deplete vitamin B12;pernicious anemia; thin-shelled operculated eggs

Diphyllobothriasis

Infection by ingesting flea with cysticercoidlarvae; hemorrhagic enteritis; gravid proglottids; egg packets withonchospheres

Dipylidiasis

Hydatid cysts; Hypersensitivity to cysts; epileptiformseizures; subretinal granulomas

Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Disease

Infection by ingestion of beetle or flea larvaecontaining cysticercoid larvae; small tapeworms; ovoid thin-shelled eggscontaining onchosheres

Hymenolepsiasis

Infection by eating undercooked pork or beefcontaining cysticercus larvae; Cysticercus cellulosae with subretinal massesand siezures; eggs with hexacanth embryos and radially striated shells

Taeniasis

Infection by eating raw fish, squid, orcrustaceans; larvae feed on tissue, but do not develop worms; intense sorethroat; peritonitis; larvae found encysted in muscle

Anisakiasis

Filariform larvae penetrate skin; worms suckblood; iron deficiency anemia; skin rashes; thin-shelled eggs with bluntedrounded ends containing 4-8 embryos

Ancylostomiasis

Loffler’s Syndrome (eosinophilia in lungtissue); appendicitis; pneumonitis; retinal granulomas; polyprotein allergens;ovoid-shaped eggs with thick rough outer coverings

Ascariasis

Appendicitis; pelvic peritoneal granulomas; analpruritus; elongated thin-shelled eggs with well-developed embryos and an asymmetric, flat side

Enterobiasis

Itchy serpinginous macular rashes; pneuomonitis;diarrhea; intestinal ulcers and malabsorption; filariform larvae penetrateskin; autoinfection; larvated thin-shelled eggs in feces and rhobditiformlarvae in bronchial washings

Strongyloidiasis

Rectal prolapse; mucoid diarrhea; appendicitis;barrel-shaped polar plugged eggs

Trichuriasis

Infection by eating undercooked meat (wildbore); malaise; bilateral periorbital edema; myositis; bilateral conjunctivalhemorrhages; maculopapular rashes; encysted larvae found in muscle biopsy

Trichinosis