Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Definition of Memory

Ability to keep and access info over time

3 Memory Tasks

Encoding


Storage


Retrieval

Encoding

Putting info into memory



Storage

Keeping the info

Retrieval

Calling info out of storage

Sensory Memory

Info from environment through sense.

Working Memory

• Paying attention right now


• Sorts + encodes info to put into permanent storage


• Capacity: lasts 20-30 sec

Long-term Memory

Everything you know


Capacity: Unlimited

Components of Long-term Memory

• Procedural


• Declarative


• Episodic


• Semantic

Procedural Memory

· Direction for well-practiced




· Skills: riding a bike






Declarative Memory

· Facts and events




Episodic Memory

· Personal experiences



Semantic Memory

· Works + concepts



· General knowledge


Automatic processing

· Encode without trying



Process automatically

· Personally relevant



· Simple



· Interesting



· Space



· Time


Effortful processing

Learned through effort

Deeper Processing

connection info with long-term memories

3 types of retrieval

1. Recall



2. Recognition



3. Relearning


Retrieval

· Without clues


Recognition

• When you see it

State dependent Memory

internal condition is also a retrieval cue