• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(āl'ə-pē'shə,-shē a
n. Loss of hair; baldness.
A type of articulation between bony surfaces that permits limited motion and is connected by ligaments or elastic cartilage, such as that between the vertebrae.fē-är-thrō'sĭs)
a permanent cardiac or arterial dilatation usually caused by weakening of the vessel wall.
pertaining to or toward the head or forward end of the body.
any of the smallest branches of an artery, terminating in capillaries.
1. The place of anatomical union, usually movable, between two or more bones.
2. A joining or connecting together loosely so as to allow motion between the parts.
1.One of the two upper chambers of the heart.
2. A chamber or cavity to which several chambers or passageways are connected.
(aws″kul-ta´shun) listening for sounds within the body, chiefly to ascertain the condition of the thoracic or abdominal viscera and to detect pregnancy; it may be performed with the unaided ear (direct or immediate a.) or with a stethoscope (mediate
/brady·car·dia/ (-kahr´de-ah) slowness of the heartbeat, as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60.bradycar´diac
Etymology: Fr, noise
an abnormal blowing or swishing sound or murmur heard while auscultating a carotid artery, the aorta, an organ, or a gland, such as the liver or thyroid, and resulting from blood flowing through a narrow or partially occluded artery. The specific character of the bruit, its location, and the time of its occurrence in a cycle of other sounds are all of diagnostic importance. Bruits are usually of low frequency and are heard best with the bell of a stethoscope.
cardiovasular system
[¦kärd·ē·ō′vas·kyə·lər ‚sis·təm]
Those structures, including the heart and blood vessels, which provide channels for the flow of blood.
Cholesterol is a soft, waxy substance found among the lipids (fats) in the bloodstream and in all your body's cells. It's an important part of a healthy body because it's used to form cell membranes, some hormones and is needed for other functions. But a high level of cholesterol in the blood — hypercholesterolemia — is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, which leads to heart attack.
. either of the two bones connecting the shoulder blades with the upper part of the breastbone
The fused vestige of caudal vertebrae forming the last bone of the vertebral column in humans and certain other primates.
(kŏl`əjən), any of a group of proteins found in skin, ligaments, tendons, bone and cartilage, and other connective tissue connective tissue, supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
..... Click the link for more information. . Cells called fibroblasts form the various fibers in connective tissue in the body. The fibroblasts produce three types of fibers to form the ground substance: collagen, elatin, and the reticulum. Collagen consists of groups of white inelastic fibers with great tensile strength. These fibers include fine fibrils, which are composed of even finer filaments, visible only through the electron microscope. Collagen protein contains an unusually high percentage of the amino acids proline proline (prō`lēn), organic compound, one of the 20 amino acids commonly found in animal proteins.
..... Click the link for more information. and hydroxyproline. X-ray diffraction studies provide evidence that the protein forms a wavy band, a coiled chain with periodic, i.e., repeating, arrangement of its amino acids. Cartilage is composed of fibrous collagen in an amorphous gel. The organic (nonmineral) content of bone is made up largely of collagen fibers with calcium salt crystals lying adjacent to each segment of the fiber; the fibers and salt crystals combined form a structure with compressional and tensile strength comparable to that of reinforced concrete. A group of diseases, often termed collagen, or connective tissue, diseases, involve a variety of alterations in the connective tissue fibers; rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, lupus, and scleroderma are included in this group. Some of these diseases may involve an autoimmune response, in which the immune mechanism injures or destroys the individual's own tissues (see immunity immunity, ability of an organism to resist disease by identifying and destroying foreign substances or organisms. Although all animals have some immune capabilities, little is known about nonmammalian immunity.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Collagen dissolved in boiling water becomes denatured to form gelatin gelatin or animal jelly, foodstuff obtained from connective tissue (found in hoofs, bones, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage) of vertebrate animals by the action of boiling water or dilute acid.
cranial cavity
the space enclosed by the bones of the cranium
1. the process or act of neutralizing polarity.
2. in electrophysiology, reversal of the resting potential in excitable cell membranes when stimulated.
The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases
corium; the layer of the skin deep to the epidermis, consisting of a bed of vascular connective tissue, and containing the nerves and organs of sensation, the hair roots, and sebaceous and sweat glands.der´malder´mic
1. A musculomembranous partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities and functioning in respiration. Also called midriff.
The normal rhythmically occurring relaxation and dilatation of the heart chambers, especially the ventricles, during which they fill with blood.
(di-as´tah-le) the dilatation, or the period of dilatation, of the heart, especially of the ventricles.diastol´ic
(en-dos´te-um) the tissue lining the medullary cavity of a bone
Etymology: Gk, epi + kardia, heart
the outermost of the three layers of tissue that form the heart wall. It is composed of a single sheet of squamous epithelial cells overlying delicate connective tissue. The epicardium is the visceral portion of the serous pericardium and folds back on itself to form the parietal portion of the serous pericardium. Compare myocardium. See also pericardium. epicardial, adj.
The outer layer of skin, consisting of a layer of dead cells that perform a protective function and a second layer of dividing cells.
epigastric region
the part of the abdomen in the upper zone between the right and left hypochondriac regions. Also called antecardium, epigastrium. See also abdominal regions.
epithelial tissue
a closely packed single or stratified layer of cells covering the body and lining its cavities, with the exception of the blood and lymph vessels.
(eks´u-dāt) a fluid with a high content of protein and cellular debris which has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation.
hypochondriac regions
the part of the abdomen in the upper zone on both sides of the epigastric region and beneath the cartilages of the lower ribs. Also called hypochondrium. See also abdominal regions.
iliac regions
The lower lateral region of the abdomen on either side of the pubic region. Also called iliac region, inguen.
[il′ē·əm] pl. ilia
Etymology: L, flank
the uppermost of the three bones that make up the innominate bone (hip bone). The ilium forms the superior part of the acetabulum and provides attachment for several muscles, including the obturator internus, the gluteals, the iliacus, and the sartorius. Compare ischium, pubis. iliac, adj.