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71 Cards in this Set

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Rhin/o

Nose

Laryng/o

Larynx (voice box)

Trache/o

Trachea (wind pipe)

Pulmon/o

Lungs

Epiglott/o

Epiglottis

Bronch/o

Bronchi (bronchus, singular)

Pleur/o

Pleura

-capnia

Carbon Dioxide

Pharyng/o

Pharynx (throat)

Alveol/o

Alveoli; air sac

-pnea

Breathing

Pneum/o

Air; Lungs

Thorac/o

Chest

Lob/o

Lobe

Spir/o

Breathe

-phonia

Voice

Tonsill/o

Tonsils

-ptysis

Spitting

Ox/i

Oxygen

Bronchiol/o

Bronchiole

Anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell

Antitussive

Agents used to alleviate coughing

Asphyxia

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen; suffocation

Atelectasis

Collapsed lung

Bradypnea

Slow respiratory rate

Bronchodilator

An agent used to open up constricted airways

Coryza

Head Cold

Cystic Fibrosis

Genetic/Hereditary disease resulting in buildup of thick mucus in the lungs

Emphysema

Condition due to decreased elasticity of the alveoli

Epistaxis

Nosebleed

Expectorant

Agent that thins bronchial secretions

Hemoptysis

Coughing/spitting blood

Hypercapnia

Excessive carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood

Hypoxemia

Low oxygen in the blood

Mantoux Test

Test for tuberculosis

Oximetry

Method of monitoring oxygen saturation of hemoglobin

Pertussis

Whooping Cough

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleural membrane; also called pleuritis

Pneumonia

Inflammatory condition of the lungs due to infection

Ventilation

Movement of air into and out of the lungs

Influenza

Acute infectious respiratory viral infection

Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis


Asymptomatic


Granuloma production

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Lungs no longer function

Olfaction

Smell occurs when airborne molecules are drawn into nasal cavity

Gas Exchange

Oxygen enters, carbon dioxide leaves

Nasopharynx

Posterior of nasal cavity

Oropharynx

Shared with digestive system

Laryngopharynx

Epiglottis to esophagus

Pharynx

(pharyng/o) Throat


Common opening for digestive and respiratory systems

Larynx

(laryng/o) Voice box


Responsible for phonation

Trachea

(trache/o) Windpipe


Divides to form L and R pulmonary bronchi

Mediastinum

Space between the lungs

Pleura

(pleur/o)


Serious Membrane

Diaphragm

Contraction = inspiration


Relaxation = exhalation

Alveoli

(alveol/o)


Site of gas exchange

Pulmonary Ventilation

Breathing

External Respiration

Gas exchange between alveoli and blood

Internal Respiration

Gas exchange between blood and cells

Carina

Branching point between L and R bronchi

Asthma

Inflammatory condition; constriction of airways due to bronchospasms

Status Asthmaticus

Persistent and intractable asthma

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic bronchitis and emphysema

Pleural Effusions

Abnormal fluid in the pleural cavity

Sputum Culture

Mucus from the lung

Lavage

Irrigation of paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent material

Corticosteroid

Decrease Inflammation

Decongestants

Reduce Swelling

Expectorants

Thins Mucus

Stridor

High pitch, harsh breathing

Oxygen Therapy

Oxygen delivered through two short nasal prongs

Ventilation

Air flow


(Ventilator - device providing respiratory assistance for people unable to breathe)