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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cephal/o
Head
Cervic/o
Neck
Cost/o
Ribs
Crani/o
Cranium
Lamin/o
Lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
Myel/o
Bone marrow, spinal cord
Orth/o
Straight
Oste/o
Bone
Rachi/o
Spine
Spondyl/o
Vertebrae (Backbone)
Vertebr/o
Vertebrae (Backbone)
Stern/o
Sternum (Breastbone)
Thorac/o
Chest
Braci/o
Arm
Carp/o
Carpus (wrist bones)
Clavicul/o
Clavicle (collar bone)
Dactyl/o
Fingers, toes
Humer/o
Humerus (upper arm bone)
Acromi/o
Acromion (projection of the scapula)
Metacarp/o
Metacarpus (hand bones)
Phalang/o
Phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
Radi/o
Radiation, X-ray, radius
Uln/o
Ulna
Calcane/o
Cacaneum (heel bone)
Femor/o
Femur (thigh bone)
Fibul/o
Fibula
Ili/o
Ilium
Ischi/o
Ischium
Lumb/o
Loins (lower back)
Patell/o
Patella (kneecap)
Ped/i
Foot, child
Pelv/i
Pelvis
Pelv/o
Pelvis
Pod/o
Foot
Pub/o
Pelvis bone
Tibi/o
Tibia
Ankyl/o
Stiffness, bent, crooked
Arthr/o
Joint
Chondr/o
Cartilage
Condyl/o
Condyle
Synov/o
Synovial membrane, synovial fluid
Lei/o
Smooth
My/o
Muscle
Rhabd/o
Rod-shaped (striated)
Fasci/o
Band, fascia
Fibr/o
Fiber, fibrous tissue
Ten/o
Tendon
Tend/o
Tendon
Tendin/o
Tendon
Articulation
The place of union between two or more bones; a joint
Bursa
Padlike sac found in connective tissue near joints, acts to reduce friction between tendon and bone
Collagen
Strong, fibrous, insoluble protein found in connective tissue of tendons, ligaments, bone, cartilage, and deep fascia
Fontanel
An unossified membrane or soft spot lying between the cranial bones of the skull of a fetus or infant
Hematopoiesis
Production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
Ligament
Strong, flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bones, cartilage, and other structures to provide support or to attach to muscles
Manubrium
Upper segment of the sternum articulating with the clavicle and first pair of costal cartilages
Suture
Line of union in an immovable articulation, such as those between the skull bones
Tendon
Band of dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
Flexion
Decreases the angle of a joint
Extension
Increases the angle of a joint
Adduction
Moves closer to the midline
Abduction
Moves away from the midline
Pronation
Turns the palm down
Supination
Turns the palm up
Dorsiflexion
Elevates the foot
Plantar flexion
Lowers the foot
Rotation
Moves a bone around its longitudinal axis
Rachiometer
Instrument to measure spinal curvature
Spondyloptosis
Prolapse of a vertebra
Dactylospasm
A cramp of the finger or toe
Calcaneodynia
Pain in the calcaneum
Gouty
Arthritis caused by excessive uric acid in the body
Scoliosis
Abnormal sideward curvature of the spine, either to the left or right
Talipes
Any of several deformities of the foot
Lordosis
Abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine, aka swayback
Bunion
Abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
Subluxation
A partial dislocation
Strain
Trauma to the muscles and/or tendons from excessive use
Osteoporosis
Disorder characterized by abnormal loss of bone density; porous bones
Osteoarthritis
Progressive, degenerative joint disease with bone spurs and destruction of articular cartilage
Sprain
Traumatic injury to the tendons/muscles/ligaments around a joint with pain, swelling, and discoloration of skin
Paget disease
Skeletal disease of unknown cause, affecting middle-aged and elderly, with excessive bone destruction and unorganized bone repair
Polymyositis
Chronic inflammation of multiple muscles simultaneously, with deformity, pain, edema, sweating, tension, and insomnia
Lyme Disease
An acute, recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
Muscular Dystrophy
Group of genetic diseases with progressive weakness and atrophy of muscles without involvement of the nervous system
Ganglion
Cyst that develops from the joint capsule or a tendon, usually in the wrist
Kyphosis
Exaggeration of angulation in the normal posterior curve of the thoracic spine; aka humpback/hunchback
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Highly malignant tumor derived from primitive, striated muscle cells
Greenstick
Fracture in which the bone is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children
Compound
Fracture with an external wound in the skin
Comminuted
Fracture in which the bone is broken or splintered into pieces
Corticosteroids
Reduces inflammation associated with arthritis, bursitis, and tendinitis
Laminectomy
Surgical procedure performed to relieve compression of the spinal cord as in the case of a ruptured disk
Sequestrectomy
Excision of a necrosed piece of bone