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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Gloss/o

Tongue

An/o

Anus

Pharyng/o

Pharynx (throat)

Chol/e

Gall, Bile

Cheil/o

Lips

Hepat/o

Liver

Choledoch/o

Bile Duct

Sial/o

Saliva, salivary gland

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

Esophag/o

Esophagus

Gastr/o

Stomach

Rect/o

Rectum

Col/o

Colon

Dent/o

Teeth

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

Proct/o

Rectum, Anus

Bucc/o

Cheeks

Enter/o

Intestine (Small)

Or/o

Mouth

Gingiv/o

Gums

Anorexia

Loss of appetite

Antacid

An agent that neutralizes acidity

Antiemetic

Agent used to prevent vomiting

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix

Ascites

An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

Bolus

A mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed

Colostomy

Creating a surgical opening in the colon

Deglutition

Swallowing

Diverticulosis

A condition of having pockets in the lining of the large intestine

Duodenum

The first section of the small intestine

Dysphagia

Difficult or painful swallowing

Halitosis

Offensive odor of the breath

Hernia

Protrusion of an organ through the cavity in which it is normally contained

Mastication

Chewing

Melena

Black, tarry stool

Peptic Ulcer

An open sore within the stomach or duodenum

Peristalsis

Rhythmic propulsion of contents through the GI tract

Peritonitis

Inflammation within the peritoneal cavity

Ulcerative Colitis

A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the mucosal lining of the colon

Volvulus

A twisting of the bowel upon itself

Accessory Organs of GI System

Liver, gallbladder, pancreas

Digestion

Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food

Absorption

Movement into circulation or lymph

Odont/o

Teeth

Labi/o

Lips

Lingu/o

Tongue

Teeth composition

Enamel, dentin, pulp (nerves, blood vessels)

Fundus

Upper Stomach

Rugae

Ridges from folding allowing to stretch

Epiglottis

Flap separating larynx and esophagus

Pylorus

Lower Stomach

Chyme

Soupy liquid from bolus

Sphincter

Band like muscle (cardiac, pyloric)

Small Intestine


Duties & Division

Nutrient absorption, bulk of digestion (water and nutrients)


Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

Villi

Fingerlike projections of SI wwwwww

Large Intestine/Colon


Duties & Consists of

Getting rid of waste, holding area (rectum)


Colon, rectum, anus

Flexures

Bends of the large intestine

Pancreas


Duties

Insulin production, produces enzymes

Liver


Main Duties

Bile production, fat digestion, glycogen synthesis

Gallbladder


Duties

Store bile, fat digestion, released into duodenum as needed

4 Sections of Colon

Ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid

Sigmoidoscopy

Examination of only lower third portion of the colon

Colonoscopy

Examination of entire length of colon

Endoscopy

Visual examination of within interior organs and cavities

Polypectomy

Removal of small tumor-like growths that project from a mucous membrane surface

Cachexia

Body breaking down

Cirrhosis

Hardening of liver

Dyspepsia

Difficult Digestion

Hematemesis

Vomiting Blood

Hemorrhoids

Veins bulging in rectum

Intussusception

Intestine folding into itself

Regurgitation

Flowing backwards