• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
X-ray imaging of the blood vessels
X-ray recording of arteries after injection of a contrast substance into an artery.
X-ray examination of the inside of a joint with a contrast medium
Barium tests
X-ray examination with a liquid barium mixture to locate disorders in the esophagus, duodenum, small intestine, and colon.
Bone density scan
Low-energy x-rays reveal areas of bone deficiency; usually performed on the lower spine or hips.
Cardiac catheterization
Procedure in which a catheter is passed via vein or artery into the chambers of the heart to measure the blood flow out of the heart and the pressures and oxygen content in the heart chambers.
Chest x-ray
An x-ray image of the chest wall, lungs, and heart.
X-ray recording of bile ducts.
Computed tomography scan
X-ray images that show the body in cross section.
X-ray recording of the urinary bladder with a contrast medium so that the outline of the urinary bladder can be seen clearly.
Digital Subtraction Angiography
A unique x-ray technique for viewing blood vessels by taking two images and subtracting one from the other.
Doppler ultrasound
Technique that focuses sound waves on blood vessels and measures blood flow as echoes bounce off red blood cells.
Imaging of the heart by introducing high-frequency sound waves through the chest into the heart.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
X-ray recording of the bile ducts, pancreas, and pancreatic duct.
Endoscopic ultrasonography
Sound waves are generated from a tube inserted through the mouth and into the esophagus.
X-ray imaging of the esophagus performed after the barium sulfate is swallowed.
An x-ray examination that uses a flourescent screen rather than a photographic plate to show images of the body in motion.
Gallbladder ultrasound
Sound waves are used to visualize gallstones.
X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Kidneys, ureters, bladder
X-ray images of the kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder, made without contrast.
Lower gastrointestinal examination
X-ray pictures of the colon taken after a liquid contrast substance called barium sulfate is inserted through a plastic tube into the rectum and large intestine.
Magnetic resonance imaging
A powerful magnetic field, radiofrequency waves, and a computer are used to produce images of organs and body structures in specialized detail, including their locations in relation to one another.
X-ray recording of the breast
X-ray recording of the spinal cord.
Pulmonary angiography
X-ray images of blood vessels of the lung are obtained after injection of contrast.
X-ray recording that shows an organ in depth
images are produced by beaming sound waves into the body and capture the echoes that bounce off organs.
Upper gastrointestinal examination
X-ray pictures are taken of the esophagus, duodenum, and small intestine after a liquid contrast substance (barium sulfate) is swallowed.
X-ray recording of the kidney and urinary tract.
Bone scan
a radioactive substance is injected intravenously, and its uptake in bone is detected with a scanning device.
Brain scan
A radioactive substance is injected intravenously; it collects in any lesion that disturbs the normal barrier that exists between blood vessels and normal brain tissue. A scanning device detects the radioactive substance and can identify tumors, abscesses, and hemotomas.
Gallium scan
radioactive gallium is injected into the bloodstream and is detected in the body with a scanning device that produces an image of the areas where gallium collects; the gallium collects in areas of certain tumors and in areas of infection.
MUGA scan
test using radioactive technetium to measure cardiac output by multiple-gated acquisition technique; aka technetium-99m ventriculography
Positron emission tomography
positrons are released into the body and cross-sectional color pictures are taken showing its location. This is used for tumor detection, to detect blood flow to the heart, and brain disorders.
Pulmonary perfusion scan
radioactive particles are injected intravenously and travel rapidly to areas of the lung that are filled with blood.
Pulomonary ventillation scan
radioactive gas is inhaled, and a special camera detects its presence in the lungs. Areas of the lung that do not fill with the substance is usually due to diseases that obstruct the bronchial tubes and air sacs.
Technetium Tc-99 sestamibi scan
The protein sestamibi, tagged with technetium-99, is injected, and the radioactivity is taken up in areas of mycardial infarction.
Thallium-201 scintigraphy
Thallium-201 is injected into a vein and images of blood flow through heart muscle are recorded.
Thyroid scan and uptake
in a thyroid scan, radioactive iodine (the radiotracer) is injected intravenously or swallowed and then collects in the thyroid gland. A scanning device locates the radiotracer in the gland tissue, showing the size, shape, and position of the thyroid.
Allergy test
a small quantity of various suspected allergic substances is applied to the skin and a reaction is noted.
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac that surrounds the fetus in the uterus.
surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint.
withdrawal of fluid by suction through a needle or tube.
test using sound waves of various frequencies up to 8000 Hz, to quantify the extent and type of hearing loss. An audigram is a record produced by this test.
process of listening for sounds produced within the body. most often performed using a stethoscope to determine the condition of the chest or abdominal organs or to detect the fetal heartbeat.
removal of a piece of tissue from the body for subsequent examination under a microscope.
Bone marrow biopsy
removal of a small amount of bone marrow,cells are then examined with a microscope.
Visual examination of the bronchial passages through a flexible tube (endoscope) inserted into the airway.
Introduction of a hollow, flexible tube, vessel, or cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluids.
Chorionic villus sampling
removal of a small piece of placental tissue for microscopic analysis to detect fetal abnormalities.
visual examination of the colon using a flexible tube (endoscope) through the rectum and beyond.
inspection of the vagina and cervix through a special microscope inserted into the vagina; the vaginal walls are held apart with a speculum so that all tissues can be viewed.
Removal of a cone-shaped sample of uterine cervix tissue; this sample is then examined with a microscope for evidence of cancerous growth.
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac (the space between the rectum and uterus) through a thin, hollow needle inserted through the vagina into this space.
visual examination of the urinary bladder through a thin tube or cystoscope (endoscope) inserted into the urethra and then passed into the bladder.used to remove stones and to perform a biopsy of the urinary bladder.
Digital rectal examination
The physician inserts a gloved finger into the patient's rectum to detect rectal cancer and as a primary method to detect prostate cancer.
Dilation and curettage
a series of probes of increasing size are systematically inserted through the vagina into the opening of the cervix, which is dilated so that a curette can be inserted to remove tissue from the lining of the uterus. The tissue is then examined with a microscope.
Connection of electrodes (wires or "leads") to the body to record electrical impulses from the heart
Insertion of needle electrodes into muscle to record electrical activity; this procedure detects injuries and diseases that affect muscles and nerves.
inspection of an organ or body cavity through a thin, tube-like instrument (endoscope) inserted into the organ or cavity.
Visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and down the throat.
visual examination of the esophagus performed through an endoscope inserted into the mouth and down the throat.
measurement of the extent of protrusion of the eyeball in exophthalmos.
Frozen section
quick preparation of a biopsy sample for examination during an actual surgical procedure; tissue is taken from the operating room to the pathology lab and frozen, then thinly sliced and examined under a microscope.
visual examination of the stomach through an endoscope inserted down through the esophagus, for either diagnostic inspection or biopsy. When the upper portion of the small intestine is also visualized, the procedure is called EGD.
Holter monitoring
electrocardiographic recording of heart activity over an extended period of time. also called ambulatory electrocardiography
visual examination of the uterus using an endoscope passed through the uterine neck or cervix.
examination of the abdominal cavity through an endoscope inserted into the abdomen. can be used to remove some organs (such as the gallbladder, apendix, and ovary) and tumors and for fallopian tube ligation to prevent pregnancy.
visual examination of the voice box (larynx) through an endoscope inserted down the trachea (airway). The procedure can reveal tumors and explain changes in the voice.
Lumbar puncture
Introduction of a hollow needle into a space surrounding the spinal cord to withdraw fluid for analysis. Cerebro spinal fluid (CSF) can be measured and contrast injected for imaging.
procedure for viewing structures in the mediastinum through an endoscope inserted into this space (in the chest, between the lungs and the front of the heart). This procedure is used to biopsy lymph nodes and to examine other structures within the mediastinum.
Muscle biopsy
a sample of muscle tissue is removed and analyzed microscopically.
Nasogastric intubation
Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach to withdraw fluid for analysis or to give nutrition directly into the stomach
A physician uses an opthalmoscope to look directly into the eye, evaluating the optic nerve, retina, and blood vessels in the back of the eye and the lens in the front of the eye for cataracts.
Flurescein angiography
A contrast substance is injected intravenously, and movement of blood in the back of the eye is observed with opthalmoscopy.
A physician uses an otoscope inserted into the ear canal to check for obstruction, infection, fluid, and eardrum perforation, or scarring.
Examination by touch; the physician feels underlying tissues and organs through the skin.
Pap smear
insertion of a cotton swab or wooden spatula into the vagina to obtain a sample of cells from the outer surface of the cervix.The cells are then smeared on a glass slide, preserved, and sent to the laboratory for microscopic examination
Surgical puncture of the membrane surrounding the abdomen (peritoneum) to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity; fluid is drained for analysis and to prevent its accumulation in the abdomen;aka abdominocentesis
Pelvic exam
Physician examines female reproductive organs and checks the uterus and ovaries for enlargement, cysts, tumors, and abnormal bleeding. aka internal exam
The technique of striking a part of the body with short, sharp taps of the fingers to determine the size, density, and position of the underlying parts by the sound obtained; usually used on the abdomen to examine the liver.
Incision of a vein to remove samples of blood for analysis
Examination of the first 10 to 12 inches of the rectum and colon using an endoscope inserted through the anus.
The sigmoid colon is visualized with a longer endoscope.
Pulmonary function test
Measurement of the air taken into and exhaled from the lungs by means of an instrument called a spirometer.
Stool culture
Feces placed in a growth medium are analyzed microscopically for evidence of microorganisms.
Stress test
Electrocardiography performed during exercise; may reveal hidden heart disease or confirm the cause of cardiac signs and symptoms.
Insertion of a needle into the chest to remove fluid from the space surrounding the lungs (pleural cavity).
Pleural effusion
excess fluid
a collapsed lung
visual examination of the surface of the lungs using an endoscope inserted through an incision in the chest.
Tuning fork tests
tests of hearing using a vibrating tuning fork of known frequency as a source of sound.