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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
profuse sweating
diaphoresis
inability to adequately perform a given function or action
incompetent
thin, flattened structure; term used to describe the leaf-shaped structures that compose a heart valve
leaflet
tubular space or channel within any organ or structure of the body; space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
lumen
vague, uneasy feeling of body weakness, distress, or discomfort, commonly marking the onset of and persisting throughout a disease
malaise
blockage in a canal, vessel, or passage of the body; the state of being closed
occlusion
open and unblocked, such as a patent artery
patent
preventive measure or technique commonly involving the use of a biologic, chemical, or mechanical agent to destroy or prevent the entry of infectious organisms
prophylaxis
state of being sticky or gummy
viscosity
a widening, a widened blood vessel
aneurysm
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
angi or vascul
aorta
aort
artery
arteri
arteriole
arteriol
atrium
atri
fatty plaque
ather
heart
cardi
electricity
electr
plug
embol
blood vessel
hemangi
muscle
my
vein
phleb or ven
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
scler
septum
sept
pulse
sphygm
narrowing, stricture
sten
blood clot
thromb
ventricle (of the heart or brain)
ventricul
record, writing
gram
instrument for recording
graph
pulse
sphyxia
narrowing, stricture
stenosis
slow
brady
in, within
endo
outside
extra
around
peri
rapid
tachy
across
trans
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery
aneurysm
condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
arrest
loss of effective cardiac function, which results in cessation of circulation
cardiac
cessation of the circulation of blood due to ventricular standstill or fibrillation
circulatory
inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm, possibly including a rapid or slow beat or "skipping" a beat
arrhythmia
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both;
bruit
any disease of heart muscle that diminishes cardia function
cardiomyopathy
thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure
catheter
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
coarctation
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
heart failure
mass of undissolved matter (foreign object, air, gas, tissue, thrombus)circulating blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
embolus
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions
fibrillation
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hemostasis
excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood
hyperlipidemia
common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140mm
hypertension
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause;
primary
hypertension that results from an underlying, identifiable commenly correctable cause
secondary
any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension including left ventricular hypertrophy
hypertensive heart disease
inplantable battery-powered device that monitors and, if necessary; corrects an irregular heart rhythm
implantable cardioverterdefibrillator
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
infarct
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
ischemia
common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a characteristic murmur heard on auscultation
mitral valve prolapse