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131 Cards in this Set

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Homeostasis

State in which regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain an internal environment within tolerable levels despite changes in external environment

Think of a&p

Androgen

Generic form for agent that stimulates development of male characteristics

Pressure ulcer

Inflammation sore or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to tissue

Left upper quadrant

Left lobe of the liver the stomach spleen part of the pancreas part of small and large intestines

Right upper quadrant

Right lobe of liver gallbladder part of pancreas part of large and small intestines

Abdominopelvic cavity

Houses digestive excretory and reproductive organs and structures

Organelle

Cellular structure that provides a specialized function

Metabolism

Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or in organism

Diaphragm

Muscular wall that divides thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever a a cell divides

Chromosome

Threadlike structures within the nucleus composed of deoxyribonucleic acid that carries hereditary information encoded in genes

Chromatin

Structural component of the nucleus composed of nucleic acids and proteins

Thoracic cavity

Houses the heart lungs and associated structures

Right lower quadrant

Part of small and large intestines appendix right ovary and fallopian tube right ureter

Left lower quadrant

Part of small and large intestines left ovary left Fallopian tube left ureter

Abscess

Localized collection of pus at the site of infection

Biopsy

Removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for microscopic examination

Excisional biopsy

Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed

Excisional biopsy

Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed

Incisional biopsy

Biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed

Excisional biopsy

Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed

Incisional biopsy

Biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed

Ultrasonography

High-frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and reflected to produce an image of internal body

Single photon emission computer tomography

Radiological technique that integrates CAT scan and a tracer injected into bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs

Radiography

Technique were x-rays are passed through the body to generate an image

Radiography

Technique were x-rays are passed through the body to generate an image

Positron emission tomography

Computed tomography records the positrons to produce a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity of body tissues to determine presence of disease

Nuclear scan

Technique in which a radioactive material called a tracer is introduced into the body and a specialized camera is used to produce images

Magnetic resonance imaging

Technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce highly detailed multiplanar cross-sectional views of soft tissue

Fluoroscopy

Technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays internal structures in continuous motion

Computed tomography

Imaging technique in which an x-ray an area to collect cross-sectioning images

Complete blood count

Panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias infections and other diseases

Complete blood count

Panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias infections and other diseases

Auscultation

Listening to the heart bowel and lungs with or without a stethoscope to assess the presence and quality of sounds

Percussion

Tapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and presence or absence of fluid

palpation

Gentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size consistency texture symmetry and tenderness of underlying structures

Inspection

General observation of a patient as a whole progressing to specific body areas

Inspection

General observation of a patient as a whole progressing to specific body areas

Assessment techniques

Sequence of procedures designed to evaluate the health status of the patient

Revision

Surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result of previous surgery

Resection

Removal of part or all of the structure organ or tissue

Hernia

Protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it

Hernia

Protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it

Inflammation

Body defense against injury infection or allergies marked by redness swelling heat pain or loss of function

Suppuration

Producing or associated with the generation of Pus

Anastomosis

Surgical joining of two ducts vessels or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

Cauterize

Destruction of tissue by electricity freezing heat or corrosive chemicals

Curettage

Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon shaped instrument called a curette

Incision and drainage

Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity

Laser surgery

Use of high-intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues stop bleeding blood vessels or for cosmetic purposes

Laser surgery

Use of high-intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues stop bleeding blood vessels or for cosmetic purposes

Ablation

Removal of a part pathway or function by surgery chemical destruction electrocautery freezing or radiofrequency

Adhesion

Abnormal fibrous bands that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated

Acrocyanosis

Abnormal condition in which the extremities are blue

Psoriasis psoriasis

Inflammation of gray matter in the spinal cord

Psoriasis

Chronic skin disease characterized by red patches covered by thick dry silvery adherent scales

Abd

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin

abd

Abdomen

ADL

Activities of daily living

Your Dakar yeah you're in a car yeah you're to

Chronic skin disease characterized by red patches covered by thick dry silvery adherent scales

Urticaria

Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red elevated patches called wheals or hives

Chemical peel

Chemical removal of the outer layers of the skin to treat acne scarring and general keratosis

Intradermal

Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it

Needle

Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle

Save save save

Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch

Scratch

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin

IntradermalIntradermal

Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it

Intradermal

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts and observing reaction

AFB

Acid fast bacillus (causes TB)

AROM

Active range of motion

AMA

Against medical advice or American Medical Association

AFB

Acid fast bacillus (causes TB)

BRP

Bathroom privileges

BS

Breathe sounds or blood sugar

bs

Bowel sounds

_


c

With

C

Celsius

ā

Before

bilat

Two sides / bilateral

CRF

Chronic renal fluid

CWI

Crutch walking instruction

drsg

Dressing

AROM

Active range of motion

AMA

Against medical advice or American Medical Association

ASA

Aspirin

ASCVD

Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease

ax

Axillary

bilat

Before

bilat

Two sides / bilateral

BLE

Bilateral lower extremities

BR

Bed rest

_


S

Without

Nosocomial

Hospital acquired infection

Keloid

Thickened scar

Kwashiorkor kwashiorkorkw

Care without a cure

Kwashiorkor

malnutrition due to a protein deficiency

_


P

After

Cavity

A hollow place or space in a structure

Flexion

Move the joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased store in or narrowing the angle of a joint

Extension

The angle between the bones is increased widening the angle of the joint

Anomaly

Deviation from the average or normal anything structurally irregular or contrary to a general rule

Aseptic

Without infection

Anaerobic

Lives without oxygen

Palliative

Care without a cure

Intrinsic

Something that must be present for another process to occur

Prone

Lying on the abdomen, face down

Deep

Away from the surface of the body

Superficial

Toward the surface of the body

Parietal

Pertaining to the outer way of the body

Inspection

General observation of a patient as a whole

Hyperemesis

Excessive vomiting

Lymphedema

Swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid

Bronchiectasis

Dilation or expansion of one of more bronchi

Ectogenous

Forming outside the body

Homeoplasia

Formation of new tissue similar to that already existing in a part

Trichopathy

Disease involving the hair

Pilonidal

Pertaining to hair in a nest

Onychomalacia

Softening of the skin

Keratosis

Abnormal condition of horny tissue

Steatitis

Inflammation of fatty tissue

Acne

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of skin

Cyanosis

Dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane

Anemia

Blood condition caused by a decrease in red blood cells

Chloasma

Pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring on yellowish brown patches or spots

Cellulitis

Diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

Bowen disease

Form of intrepidermal carcinoma characterized by red brown scaly or crusted lesions

Dia

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of skin

Diaphoresis

Excessive or profuse sweating

Pyoderma

Pus in the skin

Scleroderma

Hardening of the skin

Eschar

Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin especially after a burn