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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Normal or reference value

Values seen in healthy people

Panic value

Values so low or so high intervention needs to happen

Laboratory testing is most commonly used for the following

- monitor medications

- research

- health status

- diagnosis

- identify causes of infection

- effectinvwss of drug

- differential diagnosis

- legal reasons

Clinical laboratory improvement amendment (clia)

1988 law passed to establish standards for quality of lab testing for facilities that perform them

Fun fact

Every lab has to be decertified throu CLIA every 2 Years

Quality control

Procedures used to direct errors that can occur and insures accuracy of results

Types of laboratories

- hospital

- pol

- reference

Waived tests

One step test done in the POL


Takes interpretations of results, microscope, culture, automated chemistries

High complexity

Tissue and cell study microscope

Most common tests performed in a POL

- Urine hcg

- strep screen

- hemocult and occult blood

- finger stick glucose

- microhematocrits

- hemoglobin


Most large laboratories are divided into departments


Tests blood cells like WBC, RBC, platelet, hgb, hct


Blood clotting

Most common tests performed in blood labs

Prothrombin time PT

Partial thromboplastin time PTT


A chemical that keeps the blood from clotting


A common blood thinner medication

Clinical chemistry

Electrolytes, hormones, organ function, lipids

Profile/ assay/ panels

A group of test done to diagnose and check function of in organ


Study of drugs and the body


Study of immune system and anti-bodies


Study of micro organisms and small living things


Study of microscopic tissue


Study of microscopic cells


Study of genetic inheritance chromosomes

Kit package inserts

Manufacture information about the test. It gives everything to know about the test.

Lab request forms

Orders that accompany specimens to the lab

3 basic types of hazards in the lab include

Chemical, fire, health


Explanation about the product including risks, what to do in a exposure, PPE included

What do these colors stand for

Red- fire

Yellow- reactivity

White- radioactive

Blue- health


-PPE includes- Games, gloves, goggles, face shield, apron

-Biohazard spills- clean up kit as per clinic protocol

- accident report- reporting on an injury or something happened that can cause harm to the patient


-Analysis vasectomy, sterility/ fertility

- Blood glucose- done to check for diabetes

- Lipid profile- includes total chol, LDL, HDL, triglycerids


Serum or urine looking for HCG

What is ventricular fibrillation

Quivering of the heart

What does T wave represent


What does P wave represent

Atrial depolarization

What are precordial

Chest leads

What is lead II

Records heart rhythm

A standardized EKG shows vertical deflection of

10 mm

What are the properties of urine in the observed in class

Glucose, nitrates, leukocytes, proteins, pH level

What does QNS mean

Quantity not sufficient

What causes asthma

Cold air bronchial inflammation

What causes pleurisy

Inflammation of lung lining

What causes emphysema

Enlarged alveoli

What is pneumonia

Lung infection caused by virus, bacteria, fungus

What is tuberculosis

Disease caused by infection that attacks the lungs

What does MSDS stand for

Material safety data sheet

What info do MSDS and chemical hazard label have in common

Chemical make up and risks

What additional info provided on an MSDS might be of use to an individual working with chemicals

PPE needed

What to do in event of spill or inhalation