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49 Cards in this Set

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Normal or reference value

Values seen in healthy people

Panic value

Values so low or so high intervention needs to happen

Laboratory testing is most commonly used for the following

- monitor medications


- research


- health status


- diagnosis


- identify causes of infection


- effectinvwss of drug


- differential diagnosis


- legal reasons

Clinical laboratory improvement amendment (clia)

1988 law passed to establish standards for quality of lab testing for facilities that perform them

Fun fact

Every lab has to be decertified throu CLIA every 2 Years

Quality control

Procedures used to direct errors that can occur and insures accuracy of results

Types of laboratories

- hospital


- pol


- reference

Waived tests

One step test done in the POL

Moderate/PPMP

Takes interpretations of results, microscope, culture, automated chemistries

High complexity

Tissue and cell study microscope

Most common tests performed in a POL

- Urine hcg


- strep screen


- hemocult and occult blood


- finger stick glucose


- microhematocrits


- hemoglobin

Fact

Most large laboratories are divided into departments

Hematology

Tests blood cells like WBC, RBC, platelet, hgb, hct

Coagulation

Blood clotting

Most common tests performed in blood labs

Prothrombin time PT


Partial thromboplastin time PTT

Anticoagulant

A chemical that keeps the blood from clotting

Coumadin

A common blood thinner medication

Clinical chemistry

Electrolytes, hormones, organ function, lipids

Profile/ assay/ panels

A group of test done to diagnose and check function of in organ

Toxicology

Study of drugs and the body

Immunology

Study of immune system and anti-bodies

Microbiology

Study of micro organisms and small living things

Histology

Study of microscopic tissue

Cytology

Study of microscopic cells

Cytogenics

Study of genetic inheritance chromosomes

Kit package inserts

Manufacture information about the test. It gives everything to know about the test.

Lab request forms

Orders that accompany specimens to the lab

3 basic types of hazards in the lab include

Chemical, fire, health

MSDS

Explanation about the product including risks, what to do in a exposure, PPE included

What do these colors stand for

Red- fire


Yellow- reactivity


White- radioactive


Blue- health

OSHA

-PPE includes- Games, gloves, goggles, face shield, apron


-Biohazard spills- clean up kit as per clinic protocol


- accident report- reporting on an injury or something happened that can cause harm to the patient

Semen

-Analysis vasectomy, sterility/ fertility


- Blood glucose- done to check for diabetes


- Lipid profile- includes total chol, LDL, HDL, triglycerids

Pregnancy

Serum or urine looking for HCG

What is ventricular fibrillation

Quivering of the heart

What does T wave represent

Ventricular

What does P wave represent

Atrial depolarization

What are precordial

Chest leads

What is lead II

Records heart rhythm

A standardized EKG shows vertical deflection of

10 mm

What are the properties of urine in the observed in class

Glucose, nitrates, leukocytes, proteins, pH level

What does QNS mean

Quantity not sufficient

What causes asthma

Cold air bronchial inflammation

What causes pleurisy

Inflammation of lung lining

What causes emphysema

Enlarged alveoli

What is pneumonia

Lung infection caused by virus, bacteria, fungus

What is tuberculosis

Disease caused by infection that attacks the lungs

What does MSDS stand for

Material safety data sheet

What info do MSDS and chemical hazard label have in common

Chemical make up and risks

What additional info provided on an MSDS might be of use to an individual working with chemicals

PPE needed


What to do in event of spill or inhalation