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### 45 Cards in this Set

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 What are the four ways to represent a function? tables, graphs, words and models In a table..is the independent variable on top or the bottom and where is the dependent variable? independent variable is on top, dependent variable is on bottom Which is the IV and the DV? input or output Independent variable is input Dependent variable is the output When writing a sentence how do you construct one? list when, where why and how many What are the 4 parts of a model? equation, output units and description, input units and description and input range What is the definition of a function? a relationship that assigns to each input exactly one output What are variable costs? give ex. costs that change from period to period. ex. utility bill, overtime what are fixed costs? give an ex. costs that do not vary or change, rent salaries What is the average cost? the total cost divided by the number of units produced What is the revenue? total money coming in price=quantity divided per unit What is the profit? revenue-total cost What is the break even point? profit=0, revenue=total cost What is end behavior? what the output (vertical) of the function at extreme ends (right or left) What is a horizontal asymptote? imaginary line that the output approaches as either the left or right end behavior (extreme end). What is continuity? a function is continuous on an open interval if the output of the function is defined at every point on the interval and there are no breaks or jumps in the output of the fucntion. What is an exponential function? output is the result of multiplying the previous output by a constant What does 'r' stand for in the interest formula? interest rate, annual percentage rate that must be in a decimal What does the 'n' stand for in the interest formula? number of times interest is compounded over a year What does the 't' stand for in the the interest formula? number of years money is left in account has to be written in years In an interest formula what is the formula if the model is continuous with discrete interpretation, and what is it if it is continuous without restriction? A=P (1 + r/n) ^nt A(t)= Pe^rt What does the 'e' stand for in the interest formula? e^x What is a linear function? a function that repeatedly and at even intervals adds or subtracts the same value to the output. What is the form of the linear function? f(x)=ax + b What does 'b' stand for in the linear function? its the starting value, the output when the input is (0), vertical intercept, y-intercept What does 'a' stand for in the linear function? its the incremental change per unit of imput, rate of change, output changes by (a) units per every one input, slope What is the slope? a particular point is a measure of how quickly the output is changing as the imput changes at that point What is the rate of change slope What helps to distinguish a linear function? it has a constant rate of change (slope) What are the characteristics of a table of a linear function? the first differences will be constant or near constant, the scatterplot of the data will lack concavity What is interpolation? using your model to calculate new output values for input values within your given data set. reliable estimates What is extrapolation? using your model to calculate new output values for input values outside your given data set. less reliable estimates What is the percent change formula? (b-1*100%=percent change What is 'a' in an exponential function? the starting value When is the exponential function increasing or decreasing? when b>1 it is increasing, when 0