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79 Cards in this Set

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Longest river in France

Loire- 629 miles

Brief History of Loire Valley


-high/late middle ages- wines of paris


-industrial boom other regions' wines being transported


-1880 phylloxera crippled and made the region forgettable

Which region produces the most whites second to Champagne?

Loire Valley



White Grapes of the Loire

Chenin Blanc, Sauv Blanc, Melon de Bougogne


also allowed: Chard, Orbois, Romorantin, Gros Plant, Chasselas

Red grapes of Loire

Cab Franc (breton)


Pinot, gamay, cab sauv, malbec (cot), Groslot, Pineau d'Aunis

Region in Loire known for Melon de Bourgogne

Pays Nantais

Climate of Pays Nantais

Maritime.. cool, wet


near atlantic coast

Muscadet AOP

basic appellation, rarely used


wines: neutral, bone dry, high acid

AOP that produces 80% of Muscadet

Muscadet Sevre et Maine AOP

How many communes in Muscadet Sevre et Maine AOP

23 communes

Soils of Muscadet Sevre et Maine

Gneiss, silica, clay, granite

how much of Muscadet Sevre et Maine are Sur Lie

1/2 of bottlings

Sur lie regulations in Sevre et Maine

from 3 sub appellations


aged on lees over winter


bottled unfiltered from March 1-Nov 30

Most northerly AOP in Pays Nantais

Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire AOP


-better in warmer vintages


-leaner style

Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu facts

1994 AOP status


basic style

Guy Bessard

- Hermine d'Or- promotes terroir and ageability

Cru Communaux

2001 proposed that sur lie wines aged 18mo on lees




2011 finally passed

3 sub-zones of Muscadet Sevre et Maine

2011-


Clisson, le Pallet, Gorges



3 appellations added after elimination of VDQS

Gros Plant de Pays Nantais


Fiefs Vendeens


Coteaux d'Ancenis

Region between Pays Nantais and Tourraine

Anjou-Saumur

Largest most diverse region of Loire Valley

Anjou-Saumur

Saumur

eastern subregion of Anjou


center for bubbles


adjacent to Chinon

Anjou grapes/ wines

dry and sweet Chenin Blanc (Pineau de la Loire)


45% rose from Grolleau


1/3 plantings= Cab Franc

Anjou AOP

Basic appellation


Saumur may be bottles under Anjou AOP but not vise versa

Chenin Blanc in Anjou

Slow to ripen= higher acidity

Savennieres AOP geography. soil

North bank of Loire- steep southern exposure


Blue schist and volcanic debris

Savennieres grapes/ wines

100% Chenin Blanc- austere in youth


ages gives complexity, honeyed richeness

Sub-appellations of Savennieres AOP

in 2011


Roche aux Moines


Coulee de Serrant (biodynamic monopole of Nicolas Joly)

sweet wine districts in Anjou-Saumur

Coteaux de Layon and Coteaux de l'Aubance

Coteaux de Layon and Coteaux de l'Aubance


regulations

must harvest in tries


min RS 34 g/l

2 sub-appellations in Coteaux de Layon AOP

Bonnezeaux and Quarts de Chaume AOPs


communes: Thouarce and Rochefort-sur-loire


southern exposure

Quarts de Chaume AOP

2010 grand cru




54 ha

soils/ climate of Quarts de Chaume

sandstone, schist.. layon riverprotected from winds, morning mist

Savennieres AOP sweet producers

Domaine des Baumard, Chateau Pierre-Bise (Quarts de Chaume)


Chateau des Fesles (Bonnezeaux)





7 villages that can append their name to Coteaux de Layon AOP

Beaulieu-sur-Layon, Rocherfort-sur-Loirse, Faye d'Anjou, St-Lambert du Lattay, St-Aubin de Luigne, Rablay-sur-Layon and Chaume

Wines labeled by village... requirements

higher min must weights


lower max yields





Anjou-Villages AOP wines

reds only

region's finest cab franc


often add cab sauv


most recent red appellation in Anjou-Saumur

Anjou Village Brissac AOP

Anjou-Village Brissac

covers 10 communes of Coteaux de l'Aubance

Grape of Anjou Villages Brissac

Gamay... can't be labeled Anjou Rouge

Saumur AOP grapes/ wines

red, dry white, rose, bubbles


whites: less than 20% chard/ sauv blanc

Saumur Rouge

Cab Franc, cab sauv, pineau d'Aunis

Soils of Saumur

Soft tuffeau- near tourraine


hard limestone, iron risk- near Champigny

50% of grapes from Saumur are used for what

Saumur AOP Sparkling wine or Cremant de Loire AOP

Where is Saumur rouge produced

8 villages surrounding Chamigny

Haut-Poitou AOP

AOP status in 2011


50mi south of Chinon

Most age worthy reds from Loire

Torraine

Cab Franc AOPs in Torraine

Chinon


Bourgueil


St Nicolas-de-Bourgueil

Chinon AOP soils

Tuffeau- slopes

clay,


varennes (sandy alluvial near water)


wines of Chinon AOP

- Cab Franc with less than 10% cab Sauv


-can produce chenin blanc



Vins de Tuffe

from limestone south facing slopes in Chinon AOP

Wines of Bourgeuil and ST Nicholas-de-Bourgeuil AOP

red and rose


less than 10% can sauv

Soil of Bourgeuil AOP

limestone and sandy

Soils of St Nicolas-de-Bourgeuil

lighter alluvial soil = lighter style wine

Largest/ important white wine region

Vouvray AOP

Wines of Vouvray AOp

Chenin Blanc, Orbois(seldom)

sweetness- sec, sec-tendre, demi-sec, moelleux, liquerex


may produce sparkling


Montlous-sur-loire AOP

formerly of Vouvray

Torraine AOP Rose

gamay, groslot, Pineau d'Aunis, cab franc

5 villages that can append name to Torraine AOP

Mesland, Azay-le-Rideau, Amboise, Oisly and Chenonceaux

Gamay in Torraine AOP

bottled sold locally... nouveau style

Separate Rose appellation for Torraine

Torraine Noble-Joue AOP

Torraine Noble-Joue AOP style

vin gris style


gris meunier (pinot meunier), Malvosie (pinot gris) Pinot Noir

Outlying Appellations

Coteaux du Loir


Coteaux du Vendomois


Cheverny


Cour-Cheverny


Valencay

Coteaux-du-Loir AOP

north of Loire Valley


red/rose- Pineau d'Aunis


white- Chenin


sub-appellation- Jasnieres

Coteaux du Vendomois AOP


dry rose from Pineau d'Aunis

newer appellation



Cheverney, Cour-Cheverney

eastern edge of Torraine


Cheverney- light reds- gamay, pinot


whites- sauv blanc


Cour-Cheverney- local Romoratain


varietally labeled



Valencay AOP

wine and goat cheese appellation


whites: sauv blanc


reds: pinot, gamay, cot

Loire's best Sauv Blanc

Central Vineyards

Climates of Central Vineyards

Continental: cold winter, brisk days


danger of frost during bud break

Classic Loire Sauv Blanc Style

steely, herbaceous, mineral, vibrant, lean, lengthy finish


Stainless




Sancerre

Soils of Sancerre AOP

silex- higher proportion flint


caillotes: stoney soil with fossils


terres blanches: Kimmeridgian clay from chablis

Sancerre Rouge

any red produced in Sancerre

Pouilly-Fume AOP wines

- whites wines only


- Pouilly-sur-loire AOP= chasselas


-with oak.. similar to white bordeaux



Menetou-Salon AOP

Sauv Blanc, Pinot designation.. lighter in style similar to sancerre

Wines of Reuilly, Quincy, Coteaux de Giennois AOPs

all bottel Sauv Blanc Varietally


Giennois- gamay. pinot= reds/roses


Reuilly- pinot=reds, pinot gris= rose


Quincy- whites only

2nd demarcated appellation in France

Quincy AOP

Orealns-Clery AOP wines

reds from Cab Franc

Cotes de Forez, Cotes Roannaise, Chateaumeillant AOP wines

100% Gamay... in light beaujolais style


red and roses

Cotes d'Auvergne, St-Pourcain AOPs

southern central vineyards


red, white and rose