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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Longest river in France

Loire- 629 miles

Brief History of Loire Valley

-high/late middle ages- wines of paris

-industrial boom other regions' wines being transported

-1880 phylloxera crippled and made the region forgettable

Which region produces the most whites second to Champagne?

Loire Valley

White Grapes of the Loire

Chenin Blanc, Sauv Blanc, Melon de Bougogne

also allowed: Chard, Orbois, Romorantin, Gros Plant, Chasselas

Red grapes of Loire

Cab Franc (breton)

Pinot, gamay, cab sauv, malbec (cot), Groslot, Pineau d'Aunis

Region in Loire known for Melon de Bourgogne

Pays Nantais

Climate of Pays Nantais

Maritime.. cool, wet

near atlantic coast

Muscadet AOP

basic appellation, rarely used

wines: neutral, bone dry, high acid

AOP that produces 80% of Muscadet

Muscadet Sevre et Maine AOP

How many communes in Muscadet Sevre et Maine AOP

23 communes

Soils of Muscadet Sevre et Maine

Gneiss, silica, clay, granite

how much of Muscadet Sevre et Maine are Sur Lie

1/2 of bottlings

Sur lie regulations in Sevre et Maine

from 3 sub appellations

aged on lees over winter

bottled unfiltered from March 1-Nov 30

Most northerly AOP in Pays Nantais

Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire AOP

-better in warmer vintages

-leaner style

Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu facts

1994 AOP status

basic style

Guy Bessard

- Hermine d'Or- promotes terroir and ageability

Cru Communaux

2001 proposed that sur lie wines aged 18mo on lees

2011 finally passed

3 sub-zones of Muscadet Sevre et Maine


Clisson, le Pallet, Gorges

3 appellations added after elimination of VDQS

Gros Plant de Pays Nantais

Fiefs Vendeens

Coteaux d'Ancenis

Region between Pays Nantais and Tourraine


Largest most diverse region of Loire Valley



eastern subregion of Anjou

center for bubbles

adjacent to Chinon

Anjou grapes/ wines

dry and sweet Chenin Blanc (Pineau de la Loire)

45% rose from Grolleau

1/3 plantings= Cab Franc

Anjou AOP

Basic appellation

Saumur may be bottles under Anjou AOP but not vise versa

Chenin Blanc in Anjou

Slow to ripen= higher acidity

Savennieres AOP geography. soil

North bank of Loire- steep southern exposure

Blue schist and volcanic debris

Savennieres grapes/ wines

100% Chenin Blanc- austere in youth

ages gives complexity, honeyed richeness

Sub-appellations of Savennieres AOP

in 2011

Roche aux Moines

Coulee de Serrant (biodynamic monopole of Nicolas Joly)

sweet wine districts in Anjou-Saumur

Coteaux de Layon and Coteaux de l'Aubance

Coteaux de Layon and Coteaux de l'Aubance


must harvest in tries

min RS 34 g/l

2 sub-appellations in Coteaux de Layon AOP

Bonnezeaux and Quarts de Chaume AOPs

communes: Thouarce and Rochefort-sur-loire

southern exposure

Quarts de Chaume AOP

2010 grand cru

54 ha

soils/ climate of Quarts de Chaume

sandstone, schist.. layon riverprotected from winds, morning mist

Savennieres AOP sweet producers

Domaine des Baumard, Chateau Pierre-Bise (Quarts de Chaume)

Chateau des Fesles (Bonnezeaux)

7 villages that can append their name to Coteaux de Layon AOP

Beaulieu-sur-Layon, Rocherfort-sur-Loirse, Faye d'Anjou, St-Lambert du Lattay, St-Aubin de Luigne, Rablay-sur-Layon and Chaume

Wines labeled by village... requirements

higher min must weights

lower max yields

Anjou-Villages AOP wines

reds only

region's finest cab franc

often add cab sauv

most recent red appellation in Anjou-Saumur

Anjou Village Brissac AOP

Anjou-Village Brissac

covers 10 communes of Coteaux de l'Aubance

Grape of Anjou Villages Brissac

Gamay... can't be labeled Anjou Rouge

Saumur AOP grapes/ wines

red, dry white, rose, bubbles

whites: less than 20% chard/ sauv blanc

Saumur Rouge

Cab Franc, cab sauv, pineau d'Aunis

Soils of Saumur

Soft tuffeau- near tourraine

hard limestone, iron risk- near Champigny

50% of grapes from Saumur are used for what

Saumur AOP Sparkling wine or Cremant de Loire AOP

Where is Saumur rouge produced

8 villages surrounding Chamigny

Haut-Poitou AOP

AOP status in 2011

50mi south of Chinon

Most age worthy reds from Loire


Cab Franc AOPs in Torraine



St Nicolas-de-Bourgueil

Chinon AOP soils

Tuffeau- slopes


varennes (sandy alluvial near water)

wines of Chinon AOP

- Cab Franc with less than 10% cab Sauv

-can produce chenin blanc

Vins de Tuffe

from limestone south facing slopes in Chinon AOP

Wines of Bourgeuil and ST Nicholas-de-Bourgeuil AOP

red and rose

less than 10% can sauv

Soil of Bourgeuil AOP

limestone and sandy

Soils of St Nicolas-de-Bourgeuil

lighter alluvial soil = lighter style wine

Largest/ important white wine region

Vouvray AOP

Wines of Vouvray AOp

Chenin Blanc, Orbois(seldom)

sweetness- sec, sec-tendre, demi-sec, moelleux, liquerex

may produce sparkling

Montlous-sur-loire AOP

formerly of Vouvray

Torraine AOP Rose

gamay, groslot, Pineau d'Aunis, cab franc

5 villages that can append name to Torraine AOP

Mesland, Azay-le-Rideau, Amboise, Oisly and Chenonceaux

Gamay in Torraine AOP

bottled sold locally... nouveau style

Separate Rose appellation for Torraine

Torraine Noble-Joue AOP

Torraine Noble-Joue AOP style

vin gris style

gris meunier (pinot meunier), Malvosie (pinot gris) Pinot Noir

Outlying Appellations

Coteaux du Loir

Coteaux du Vendomois




Coteaux-du-Loir AOP

north of Loire Valley

red/rose- Pineau d'Aunis

white- Chenin

sub-appellation- Jasnieres

Coteaux du Vendomois AOP

dry rose from Pineau d'Aunis

newer appellation

Cheverney, Cour-Cheverney

eastern edge of Torraine

Cheverney- light reds- gamay, pinot

whites- sauv blanc

Cour-Cheverney- local Romoratain

varietally labeled

Valencay AOP

wine and goat cheese appellation

whites: sauv blanc

reds: pinot, gamay, cot

Loire's best Sauv Blanc

Central Vineyards

Climates of Central Vineyards

Continental: cold winter, brisk days

danger of frost during bud break

Classic Loire Sauv Blanc Style

steely, herbaceous, mineral, vibrant, lean, lengthy finish



Soils of Sancerre AOP

silex- higher proportion flint

caillotes: stoney soil with fossils

terres blanches: Kimmeridgian clay from chablis

Sancerre Rouge

any red produced in Sancerre

Pouilly-Fume AOP wines

- whites wines only

- Pouilly-sur-loire AOP= chasselas

-with oak.. similar to white bordeaux

Menetou-Salon AOP

Sauv Blanc, Pinot designation.. lighter in style similar to sancerre

Wines of Reuilly, Quincy, Coteaux de Giennois AOPs

all bottel Sauv Blanc Varietally

Giennois- gamay. pinot= reds/roses

Reuilly- pinot=reds, pinot gris= rose

Quincy- whites only

2nd demarcated appellation in France

Quincy AOP

Orealns-Clery AOP wines

reds from Cab Franc

Cotes de Forez, Cotes Roannaise, Chateaumeillant AOP wines

100% Gamay... in light beaujolais style

red and roses

Cotes d'Auvergne, St-Pourcain AOPs

southern central vineyards

red, white and rose