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25 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration

Repetition of consonant sounds in a series of words. It may be reinforced by repeated sounds within and at the ends of words.

Allusion

Reference, often to literature, history, mythology, or the Bible, that is unacknowledged in the text but that the author expects a reader to recognize.

Archetype

Image or symbol that is so common or important that it seems to have universal significance.

Climax

Point of greatest tension or importance, where the decisive action of a play or story takes place.

Comedy

Any literary work, but especially a play, in which events end happily, a character's fortunes are reversed for yhe better, and a community is drawn more closely together, often by the marriage of one or more protagonists at the end.

Elegy

Poem commemorating someone's death, usually in a reflective or mournful tone.

Lyric poetry

Usually brief and intense, that expresses a poet's subjective response to the world.

Epic

Long narrative poem recounting the adventures of heroes on whose actions the fate of a nation or race depends.

Ballad

Narrative poem, rooted in an oral tradition, usually arranged in quatrains rhyming ABCB and containing a refrain.

Ode

Relatively long lyric poem, common in antiquity and adapted by the romantic poets, for whom it was a seripus poem of formal dictation, pften adressed to some significant object that has stimulated the poet's imagination.

Sonnet

Fourteen line poem, usually a lyric in iambic pentameter. It has a strict rhyme scheme in one of 2 forms. Petrarchan (Italian) or Shakespearean (English)

Dramatic Monologue

Type of poem perfected by Robert Browning that consists of a single speaker talking to one or more listeners and often revealing much more about the speaker than he or she seems to intend.

Protagonist

Principal character of a drama or a work of fiction; the hero.

Antagonist

Character who is in conflict with or opposition to the protagonist; the villian.

Foil

Minor character whose role is to highlight the main character by presenting a contrast with him or her.

Figures of Speech

Expressions- such as hyperbole, metaphor, metonymy, personification, simile- that use words ti achieve effects beyond ordinary language.

Fairy Tale/ Folk Tale

Contemporary version of an old, even ancient, oral tale that can be traced back centuries through many different cultures. Fairy tales, myths, and fables.

Third person limited POV

Perspective of soneone that is not in the action of the story.

Symbol

Person, object, action, or idea whose meaning transcends its literal sense in a complex way. A symbol is invested with significance beyond what it could carry on its own.

Imagery

Words and phrases that describe the concrete experience of the five senses, most often sight.

Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet.

Eight line octave rhymed ABBA/ABBA with a six line sestet rhymed CDC/CDC.

Shakespearean (English) sonnet

Three quatrains rhymed ABAB/CDCD/EFEF with a concluding couplet rhymed GG

Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism

Focuses on a work of literature as an expression in fictional form of the inner workings of the human mind. Freud

Structuralism Literary Criticism

A literary movement with roots in linguistics and anthropology, concentrates o, literature as a system of signs that have no inherent meaning except in their agreed upon or conventional relation to one another.

New literary criticism

American formalist movement. Useful way for students to interpret literay work.