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60 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sounds.

Allusion

Reference to a person, place, event.


Can be biblical, mythological, historical, literary.

Apostrophe

Addressing of words to someone who is not there to hear it.

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds within a group of words

Atmosphere

Mood or feeling of a poem

Ballad

A poem that tells a narrative story

Ballad Stanza

A quatrain, or four-line stanza, within a ballad

Blank Verse

Iambic pentameter with no rhyme.


(light beat followed by heavy beat, repeated 5 times per line)

Cacophony

Harsh/unmusical sounds

Chorus

A part of the poem that is repeated

Consonance

Repetition of similar consonant sounds within a group of words.

Couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.

Dissonance

Harsh/sharp sounds.

Elegy

A poem of mourning, usually over the death of a person.

Epic

A long poem about a heroic character.

Euphemism

The use of mild expression to replace the harsher, direct expression.


("pass away" is a euphemism for "die")



Euphony

Sounds pleasing to the ear.

Extended Metaphor

A metaphor that is extended throughout most of the poem.

Free Verse

A poem with no rhyme and no rhythm.

Hyperbole

Figure of speech that uses deliberate exaggerations for effect.

Image

a word or series of words that refers to sensory experiences.

Imagery

Words that create pictures/ images in readers minds using descriptive languages that appeal to the 5 senses.

Irony

When the actual meaning is opposite of the stated meaning, can be serious or humorous.

Juxtaposition

Contrast of elements in a piece of literature for effect.



Lyric

Short poem that expresses the private feelings.









Metaphor

Comparison between two things without the uses of "as/ like"



Metonymy

Replace the name of one thing with the name of something closely associated with it. ("White House" to refer to the "United States government")

Metre

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.

Metrical Poetry

poetry written in regular and repeating rhythms

Mood

The atmosphere of a poem.

Motif

Recurring theme/ idea/ symbol in the poem.

Narrative

A poem that tells a story.

Octave

Eight line poem/ stanza

Ode

A poem expressing exciting emotion

Onomatopoeia

words that imitate the sounds they refer to.


(hiss, boom)

Oxymoron

Combination of two contradictory terms.


(cold fire)

Paradox

a statement that stays true despite its internal contradiction.


(Friends stab you in the front)

Parallelism

Two lines of poetry that are structurally similar to suggest similarities between them.

Pastoral

Poems about countryside/ shepherd lives.

Personification

Giving human qualities to non-human beings.

Pun

A humorous play on words, double meanings.


(potato puns are apeeling)



Quatrain

A stanza of four lines

Refrain

A word/ line/ phrase/ group of lines repeated regularly throughout the poem.

Repetition

Repeating a word/ line/ phrase/ group of lines/ for emphasizing purposes.

Rhyme

The repetition of sounds in two or more words that are at the end of a line in a poem.

Rhyme Scheme

A pattern of rhyme in a poem.

Sarcasm

Use of irony to mock things

Satire

Writing with humour to provoke socio-political change.

Sestet

A six line poem or stanza

Simile

Comparison between two things with the use of "as and like"

Sonnet

A lyric poem of fourteen lines in iambic pentameter

Stanza

a segment within the pattern of a poem.

Style

Characteristic way of writing.

Synecdoche

When parts of the thing is used to represent the whole thing.

Symbol

Something that represents something more than itself.


(The christian cross is a symbol for religious beliefs)

Symbolism

The use of symbols

Theme

A general idea about life that the poet wishes to express

Tone

The specific way and style of writing

Understatement

Opposite of hyperbole, presenting something as being smaller and lesser.

Wit

Intelligent humour.