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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Freedman's bureau

-declared that freed slaves must be free to choose their on employers, and be paid for their labor

-May 1865

-General Oliver O. Howard

John Wilkes Booth

-assassinated Lincoln

-accomplices targeted Andrew Johnson

-Johnson became president

Why did Johnson lack presidential values?

-he was a bigot
-big fat giant weenie

"black codes"

-designed to restrict freedom for African-Americans

-intended to preserve slavery

-varied from state to state

-interracial marriages were prohibited

-testimony of blacks was only acceptable in legal cases involving blacks

-they could not own farmland

-could not serve on juries

-blacks who worked for whites had to go into labor contracts

-history makes Sarah angry

Thaddeus Stephens

-radical republican

-big fat racist

-big fat giant weenie

-giant holeass

14th Ammendment

-established constitutional guarantee of basic citizenship for all Americans except for Native Americans

-significant in state v federal arguments

-1866 (federal government)

-1868 (all states had to adopt it)

15th Ammendment


-forbids the states to deny any person a vote


-northern Republicans came down to the south to take up the open government positions that were free after the war


-depreciated, not gold, but like money

-most war bonds should be paid back in greenbacks instead of gold

Crédit Mobilier

-public learned about the company in 1872 and its corruption

-sham construction company ran by the directors of the Union Pacific Railroad, milked the Union Pac. for money for payouts for the firm

-Rocked the Grant administration


-1866 as a social club

-intimidation of blacks

-spread rapidly across south

-"worse than slavery"

-white supremacists

-Large impact on southern politics

-As a result of terrorism, republican power collapsed in the south

Horace Greely


-dumb hippie dude

-promoted vegetarianism, socialism, and spiritualism

compromise of 1877

compromise between republicans and southern democrats that ended radical recontruction

Rutherford B. Hayes

wife nickname

Lemonade Lucy because of ban of alcohol from whitehouse

End of recontsruction

most southern states had completed the requirements of reconstructoin by 1876. The presisdential elections were so close that year that a special commission was made to count contested electoral votes. Presidency was given to republican, Rutherford B Hayes. Democrats promised that the last federal troops would be withdrawn from Louisiana and South Carolina, putting an end to Radical Republican administrations in southern states.

John D. Rockefeller

founder of Standard Oil Company of Ohio

amibitious, organized, and self-disciplined


supported education and medicine with his fortune.

Standard Oil Company of Ohio

the largest refiner in the nation

by1879, contolled 90% of country's oil refining

Did not depend on products or services of other, supplied everything needed. Rockefeller gained control of transportation

Andrew Carnegie

-poverty to riches, uncommon in this time period

-developed a military telegraph system

-from telegraphy to railroading to bridge building to steelmaking to investments

-wanted to dominate industry and was willing to abuse power and lie

J. Pierpont Morgan

-investment banker

-sought to consolidate rival firms into giant trusts

-By the 1890s he controlled 1/6 of the nations railways


Samuel Gompers

founding president of American Federation of Labor

American Federation of Labor (AFL)

-federation of national organizations

Homestead steel strike

stalled the emerging industrial movement


-represented culminating events of guided age

Pullman Strike


stalled the emerging industrial movement

represented culminating events of guided age

Industrial workers of the world (IWW)

Attempt to revive industrial unionism

Second industrial revolution

-mid 19th century

-cenetred in US and Germany

Large-scale industrail develpoment

Spurred by

-creation of interconnected transportation and communication

-widespread electrical power

-systematic application of scientific research to industrial process

Rising big business

monopolies of large companies including




Labor conditions and organizations

work sucked, unions helped

Rising labor unions

work sucked, unions helped

Knights of Labor

-founder: Uriah S. Stephens

- protected workers members from retaliation by employers and created a sense of solidarity

Child labor

after the civil war, millions of children took up jobs outside the home.

-by 1880, 1/6 children in US was working full time

-children as young as 8 were working alongside adults 12/6 left little time for education

Great railroad strike of 1877

-strike in response to wage cuts and long hours

-strike failed

-left hundreds dead and millions of dollars in property damage

-demonstrated potential union strength and a need for tighter organization


-anarchists beleived that government- any at all- was an abusive device used to oppress and exploit the working class

Haymarket affair

-grew indirectly out of the prolonged agitation for an 8 hour workday

-resulted in police brutality