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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Estate plan

A legal structure designed to pass on one's assets to another in life and at death and to minimize estate taxes and probate costs.

Forms books

Books that have samples of various kinds of complaints, answers, and other litigation documents.

West digest system

A method for researching case law, in which the law is divided into 400 + topics, which are then divided into thousands of subtopics. When match together, each topic and subtopic is known by its title and key number and corresponds to the key numbers of the head notes for the cases, which are found by using a Thomas West published Digest.

Continuing legal education CLE

A lawyer must earn certain annual CLE credits, as determined by the jurisdiction in which she is licensed. CLE credits commonly called CLE s, are earned by attending bar sponsored or bar approved seminars that concern different practice areas of the law. Lawyers must also earn continuing legal ethics credits as part of their annual CLE requirements.


A false or untruthful statement.

Bad faith

Something done in bad faith is done unhonestly, or with ulterior motives.

Writ of mandamus

An order issued by a court, ordering some official to do a particular act that was requested by the party seeking the writ of mandamus.

Personal representative

Someone appointed to manage the legal Affairs of another person, or of an estate.

Interstate estate

The personal and real property of a person who died without leaving a valid will to direct the transfer of that property.

Ex parte communication

Communication made to the court during litigation in the absence of the other party or the other party's attorney.

Voir dire

The process of picking jurors by questioning prospective jurors on matters related to the case, including biases and prejudices.

Governmental immunity

Also known as sovereign immunity, a Doctrine from English common law that holds that government may not be sued for actions unless it first gives permission to be sued. This Doctrine traditionally protects governments and their employees against being sued for their official actions.

Probable cause

A sufficient legal reason, based on the known facts and circumstances, for a resting or indicting someone, as well as obtaining a warrant.


Improper or harmful condict committed by professional in the course of their profession.

Proximate cause

The dominant cause of a consequent or result that would make a defendant liable for the consequence, if the defendants actions constitute the dominant cause.

En banc

Flatten, for by the full court, and refers to an appellate court, which sits and parts or divisions of three or more judges, chooses to meet as an entire group.