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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


an organization characterized by hierarchical structure, worker specialization, explicit rules, and advancement by merit

Spoils System

System of rewarding political supporters with public office

Hatch Act

Law that protects civil servant's political involvement in order to protect them from political pressure and keep politics out of bureaucracy


System in which successful party candidates reward supporters with jobs and favors

Red Tape

complex procedures and regulations surrounding bureaucratic activity

Independent Agencies

Government organizations independent of the departments but with a narrower policy focus


limitations or restrictions on the activities of a business or individual

Federal Register

publication containing all federal regulations and notifications of regulatory agency hearings

Whistle Blowers

individuals who publicize instances of fraud, corruption, or other wrongdoing in the bureaucracy

Iron Triangles

the phenomenon of a clientele group, congressional committee, and bureaucratic agencies cooperating to make mutually beneficial policy