• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dermatome to umbilical area
Dermatome to suprapubic area
Vertebral level associated with origin of celiac artery
Vertebral level associated with origin of SMA
Vertebral level associated with origin of renal arteries
Vertebral level associated with origin of gonadal arteries
Vertebral level associated with origin of IMA
Vertebral level of umbilicus
Disc L3-4
Vertebral level of aortic bifurcation
Vertebral level for formation of IVC
Spinal levels to muscles of anterior abdominal wall
T7 – L1
Structure that forms superficial inguinal ring
Aponeurosis of external oblique
Structure that forms deep inguinal ring
Transversalis fascia
Structure that forms floor of inguinal canal
Inguinal ligament
Bony attachments of inguinal ligament
ASIS and pubic tubercle
Structures that form conjoint tendon
Internal oblique and transversus abdominis
Abdominal layer continuous with external spermatic fascia
External oblique
Abdominal layer continuous with cremasteric fascia
Internal oblique
Abdominal layer continuous with internal spermatic fascia
Transversalis fascia
Structure that lies between protrusion sites of direct and indirect inguinal hernias
Inferior epigastric vessels
Type of hernia that enters deep inguinal ring
Indirect inguinal
Most common type of hernia
Indirect inguinal
Most common side for indirect inguinal hernia
Type of hernia that protrudes through Hesselbach’s triangle
Direct inguinal
Boundaries of Hesselbach’s triangle
Inguinal ligament, rectus abdominis, inferior epigastric and vein
Type of hernia that traverses both deep and superficial rings
Indirect inguinal
Condition in which fluid accumulates in processus vaginalis
Communication between greater and lesser sacs
Epiploic foramen
Superior border of epiploic foramen
Caudate lobe of liver
Inferior border of epiploic foramen
Part one of duodenum
Posterior border of epiploic foramen
Ligament that contains portal vein, hepatic artery and bile duct
Hepatoduodenal (lesser omentum)
Structure that limits spread of ascitic fluid superiorly from left paracolic gutter
Phrenicocolic ligament
Structure that limits spread of ascitic fluid inferiorly from right infracolic compartment
Root of the mesentery
Superior extent of right paracolic gutter
Hepatorenal recess
Most inferior portion of peritoneal cavity in females
Rectouterine pouch
Structures supplied by celiac artery
Stomach, duodenum, liver, spleen, gallbladder, pancreas
Branches of celiac artery
Left gastric, common hepatic and splenic
Blood supply to stomach
Right and left gastroepiploics right, left and short gastrics
Major structures of bed of stomach
Pancreas, spleen, left kidney and suprarenal gland, diaphragm
Ducts that join to form common bile duct
Cystic and common hepatic
Structure that separates right and left lobes of liver
Falciform ligament
Remnant of umbilical vein
Round ligament of liver
Origin of cystic artery
Right hepatic artery
Ribs directly related to spleen
Ribs 9-11 (left)
Organs related to spleen
Stomach, colon, left kidney, tail of pancreas
Artery to small intestine
Organs supplied by both celiac and SMA
Duodenum, pancreas
Organ supplied by both SMA and IMA
Transverse colon
Vessel located posterior to head of pancreas
Vessel located posterior to neck of pancreas
Portal vein
Veins that unite to form portal vein
Splenic and SMV
Clinically important organs for portacaval anastomoses
Esophagus, rectum, liver, spleen
Two structures that lie posterior to SMA near its origin
Left renal vein, duodenum
Three distinguishing features of the large intestine
Tenia coli, haustra, epiploic appendages
Termination of left ovarian/testicular vein
Left renal vein
Termination of right ovarian/testicular vein
Inferior vena cava
Location of initial pain of appendicitis
Umbilical region
Motor innervation of diaphragm
Sensory innervation of diaphragm
Phrenic + intercostal
Spinal levels of phrenic nerve
Vertebral level that inferior vena cava traverses diaphragm
Vertebral level that esophagus traverses diaphragm
Structures that traverse diaphragm with esophagus
Vagal trunks
Vertebral level that aorta traverses diaphragm
Structure that traverses diaphragm with aorta
Thoracic duct
Structures that traverses diaphragm through crura
Greater, lesser and least splanchnic nerves