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14 Cards in this Set

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Rowayheb, 2006

Dividing Lebanese along religious lines to organise socio-political affairs

Ethnicity considered as a 'given' primordial social bond, with assumed shared characteristics

Fregonese, 2012

Dividing people territorially on the basis of religion proved deeply problematic

Beirut = a site of orientalist encounter

Beirut rebuild = an agenda of civil war amnesia

Hourani, 2013

Internal Lebanese politics are driven by conflict between the 'legitimate' Lebanese leadership and proxy parties acting for outside agents

Nagel, 2002

Beirut = a site where romantic Arab world meets Western sophistication

Beirut = the city itself as an ongoing discourse about the meaning of Lebanese identity

Selective rebuild amnesia



Megoran, 2011

'Peace' is commonly assumed but left undefined

How we define peace influences the policies we use to attain different visions of the good life

Peace is far more than an antonym for war, not just an endpoint but a fragile process that needs constant scholarly attention

Galtung, 1969

Some level of precision is necessary for the tool to be used as a cognitive term

Flint, 2005

(Negative peace = absence of war)

Positive peace = maximising human potential

Williams et al, 2011

We should deconstruct normative assumptions about peace and consider it a situated knowledge within specific cultural settings

Martin, 2015

Civil War is often considered the product of sectarian tensions


Derrida: Ethical and political commitment to welcoming difference

Kant: Welcoming a stranger/citizen of another state when they arrive on your territory

Dikec et al, 2009

Hospitality is receptiveness to the arrival of an 'other', dismantling prior conventions/duties/assumptions

Cole et al, 2002

Many Middle Eastern nation states are born of colonial borders imposed from the outside, bearing little correspondence to pre-existing ethnic boundaries

(Continued importance of colonial legacy on modern nationstate)

Cole et al, 2002

What is the nation?

A shared common identity with co-citizens, creating a unity in a sovereign state

Based on common cultural heritage, common interests, identifying with the other