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31 Cards in this Set

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Due process

The idea stated in the 5th and 14th amendments that every person involved in a legal dispute is entitled to a fair hearing or trial.

Accomplice

A person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime.

Testify

To provide evidence under oath.

Stalking

The act of following or harassing another person causing them fear.

Bail

Money or property put up to the accused or their agent to allow release from jail before trial.

Felony

A serious crime punishable by a prison sentence of more than a year.

Hung Jury

The situation in which a jury cannot reach a unanimous decision.

Precedent

Court decision on a legal question that guides future cases with similar questions.

Amendment

One of the provisions of the U.S constitution enacted after the original constitution became law.

Monopoly

Exclusive ownership or possession.

Alibi

Latin word meaning "elsewhere"

Warrant

A paper signed by a judge authorizing some action.

Collateral

Money or property given a security in case a person is unable to repay a debt.

Referendum

Procedure in which issues are voted on directly by the citizens rather than by your representatives in government.

Landlord

Property owner who rents or leases their space.

Who brings a criminal charge? A civil case?

The state, the person

Who has to follow a statute passed by congress?

Everyone

Adversarial System of Justice

Two sides opposing one another (trying to win their case)

Why is Gideon vs. Wainwright important?

T

Felony vs. Misdemeanor

-Felony: serious crime punishable by a sentence of more than a year


-Misdemeanor: minor wrong doing punishable by a sentence less than a year

Contract

Legal agreement between two or more people exchanging value.

Example of credit

Charge card

Lease

Rental contract between a landlord and a tenant for the use of property for a specified length of time at a specific cost.

Quiet enjoyment

An implied term in a lease whereupon the landlord is held to provide the tenant with quiet enjoyment of the rented premises.

2nd amendment

The right to bear arms

If officer fails to give miranda warning...

They cannot use anything a suspect says against them in court.

Marriage legally

Both parties consent and live together under contract.

Incest

Sexual activity between family members or close relatives.

Department that congress created after 9/11..

Homeland security

How does plea bargaining benefit the prosecutor?

It assures a conviction.

Subpoena

Court order for someone to attend court.