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54 Cards in this Set

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What would you consider to be one of the greatest assets that determine the level of efficiency a ladder crew will operate on the fire ground, in forcible entry operations?




A) The quality of the forcible entry tools.


B) The ladder company's knowledge of their district.


C) The ladder company's knowledge and skill in utilizing such tools.


D) The age of the tools.




The ladder company's knowledge of their district.




Preincident planning will allow the firefighters to know what the potential obstacles will be, and what tools and techniques they will need to overcome such obstacles.

Preincident planing should be -




A) A continuing effort.


B) Altered only if a change has been made to the building.


C) Secondary to other fire department training and duties.


D) All the above.

A continuing effort.




Building owners are constantly seeking to improve the security of their structures. Ladder companies should be aware of changes in the way that buildings in their district are secured.

You are the officer on the first arriving ladder truck. Upon your arrival you immediately perform a sizeup and ascertain that there are no signs of fire. What should be your next move in the sizeup process?




A) You should look for available water sources.


B) You should send a ladder crew to the roof, and determine the best location to perform ventilation.


C) You should make entry through the front door, and begin a primary search.


D) You should check the building to determine the easiest way to gain entry.



You should check the building to determine the easiest way to gain entry.




You should consider the easiest entry point and to carefully gain access attempting to do the minimal amount of damage.




If fire is showing, you do not have that extra time to minimize damage. You should make entry immediately to rescue trapped victims, without stopping to consider the damage such entry may cause.




When the fire building is one of a row of attached structures, ladder crews should -




A) Force entry into locked buildings on each side of the fire building.


B) Force entry into locked buildings on each side of the main unit on fire.


C) Force entry at the highest point in the building, in the unit that is on fire.


D) Force entry at each end of the row, and follow engine crew attacks lines into the building so a primary search can be performed.






Force entry into locked buildings on each side of the fire building.

Which of the following statements is true?




A) Ladder crews should attempt force entry into exposed structures that are taller than the fire building and is attached to the fire building.


B) Ladder crews should attempt force entry into exposed structures that are taller than the fire building even if it is not attached to the fire building.


C) Ladder crews should attempt force entry into exposed structures that are taller than the fire building if in close proximity of the fire building.


D) All the above.

All the above.

What would you consider to be the most important attribute when conducting forcible entry operations?




A) The skill in which it is performed.


B) The amount of damage that occurs.


C) The speed in which it is done.


D) The choice of entry point.




The speed in which it is done.




Forcible entry implies speed and speed is necessary to gain entry to rescue victims and for effective fire suppression. A combination of speed and minimal damage is achieved through the proficient use of forcible entry tools.



The best way to gain access through a door is to -




A) Force the door open using a flathead axe and halligan bar.


B) Pry the door open using a hydraulic ram.


C) Kick the door in with your foot.


D) Turn the door knob and see if the door opens.

Turn the door knob and see if the door opens.




Try before you pry.

Tools that are specifically designed to cut specific types of materials are called -




A) Targeted cutting tools.


B) Specialty tools.


C) Cutting tools.


D) Hydraulically-assisted cutting tools.

Cutting tools.

Tools that are designed to provide a mechanical advantage using leverage to force objects, in most cases, to open or break are called -




A) Prying tools.


B) Striking tools.


C) Puncturing tools.


D) Lock pullers.

Prying tools.

Tools that are designed to be used in conjunction with other hand tools to perform different tasks on the fireground are called -




A) Multifunction tools.


B) Striking tools.


C) Puncturing tools.


D) Lock pullers.

Striking tools.



Which of the following is considered both a cutting tool as well as a striking tool?




A) Bolt cutter.


B) Mallet.


C) Halligan tool.


D) Flathead axe.

Flathead axe.

Which of the following would you consider to be the most used tools for forcible entry?




A) Pick head and flathead axe.


B) Bolt cutters.


C) Power saw and air-operated and hydraulic cutters.


D) All the above.

All the above.

All of the following would be considered prying tools except -




A) Kelly tool.


B) Pry-axe


C) Large pipe wrench.


D) Maul.

Maul.




The maul is a striking tool. Other striking tools would be claw tool, Quik-bar, Halligan tool, crow bar, and duckbill lockbreaker.





14) Which of the following has been shown effective for breaking through heavy doors and forcing openings through walls?




A) Halligan tool.


B) Battering ram.


C) Pick head axe.


D) Quik-bar.

Battering ram.

Which of the following tools is designed to remove cylinder locks?




A) K-tool.


B) Halligan tool.


C) Crow bar.


D) Pry-axe.



K-tool.




It is especially useful in opening wooden or metal doors equipped with cylinder locks.



Which of the following tools would be considered pushing and pulling tools?




(1) Halligan tool. (2) K-Tool. (3) Pike pole. (4) Quik-bar. (5) Plaster hook.




A) 1, 4.


B) 2, 4.


C) 3, 5.


D) 2, 5.

3, 5.




Hydraulic rams can also be used to spread door frames apart and to pop open swing doors.



Your ladder company has arrived for a fire alarm sounding in a two-story, single family residence. There is nothing showing, and you look for the best place to gain entry. The door and windows are locked on the first floor. Where is the best point to make your entry?




A) Force the back door on the ground floor.


B) Force the basement door.


C) Force entry through one of the windows on the ground floor.


D) Ladder the building and gain access through an unlocked window on the second floor

Ladder the building and gain access through an unlocked window on the second floor.




The firefighter does no damage and is able to unlock the door on the ground floor.

The type of forcible entry initiated generally depends on all the following factors except -




A) The weather.


B) The number of people in the building.


C) The time of day.


D) The day of the week.

The weather.




A building's population at the time of the alarm can reduce the options of ladder companies in forcing entrance to the building.



During a working fire, firefighters usually gain access to a building through -




A) The basement door.


B) A ground-level door or window.


C) Second floor window.


D) Roof skylight or other accessible opening

A ground-level door or window.

During a working fire in a building fortified with bars or shutters, firefighters should gain access to the building through -




A) The basement door.


B) By cutting away the barrier on a ground-level window.


C) Second floor window.


D) By cutting the barrier on a ground-level door.



Second floor window.


Depending on the situation, the quickest and easiest way to gain access through a window is to -




A) Pry the window from the bottom center.


B) Break the glass.


C) Pry the window at the top corner.


D) Remove the molding around the window.

Break the glass.

The best way to gain access to a structure through a double-hung window when the top section is made up of small panes is to -




A) Force the window from the bottom section in the center.


B) Force the window from the top section near the middle.


C) Break the window in the top section and then unlock it.


D) Break both the top and bottom panes and then pull the frame using a pike pole.






Break the window in the top section and then unlock it.




When breaking window glass, all glass should be removed from the window opening.

You arrive at a structure fire in a store in a high-crime part of town. You attempt to make entrance through the display windows on the first floor, but you soon realize they are made from Lexan. What would be the quickest way to breach this obstacle?




A) Cut the Lexan with a circular saw.


B) Spray the Lexan with a CO2 fire extinguisher, then strike the glass using a flathead axe.


C) Knock out the entire window frame.


D) Cut the glass with a torch.

Knock out the entire window frame.

Generally, which type of window is simply too small to allow entry?




A) Projected and Jalousie windows.


B) Casement windows.


C) Awning windows.


D) All the above.

Projected and Jalousie windows.



Which type of window is made up of a series of heavy glass in small widths and lengths as long as the window opening?




A) Awning windows.


B) Jalousie windows.


C) Projected windows.


D) Checkrail windows.



Jalousie windows.

Rolling metal doors are usually secured with -




A) Padlocks.


B) Side locks.


C) Center latches.


D) Side locks and latches.

Padlocks.

In commercial occupancies it is almost always easier to force entry through the -




A) Front door of the occupancy.


B) Rear door of the occupancy.


C) Cellar door of the occupancy.


D) Loading dock door.

Front door of the occupancy.




In older buildings front doors are usually made of wood and glass, while rear doors are made of steel or reinforced with steel.



Tempered glass is much stronger than plate glass because -




A) It is reinforced with wire.


B) It can be made up to 3 times the thickness as plate glass.


C) Of a procedure of heat treatment during the manufacturing process.


D) Shatter resistant minerals are added to the glass mixture prior to being tempered.


Of a procedure of heat treatment during the manufacturing process.




This increases it resistance to shock, impacts, and temperatures. Disregard the other answers. I made them up.



Tempered glass should be considered as a last resort as a means of entry into the building. If a tempered door must be used to gain access to the building it should be attempted at its lock. Which of the following locks are generally found on tempered doors?




A) Pad locks.


B) Cylinder locks.


C) Slide locks.


D) Center latches.

Cylinder locks.




These locks are generally locked in the middle or at the bottom of the door.



Which of the following tools can be used to remove the center locks from tempered glass doors?




A) Lock puller.


B) Halligan bar.


C) Kelly tool.


D) All the above.

All the above.




The lock puller is the tool of choice, but the other tools will get the job done as well.



Your ladder crew needs to make entrance for a fire in a store. The store is closed but occupied with sales staff. During your sizeup you see that there are two double doors with tempered glass, two large display windows on each side of the entrance, a steel rolled door at the loading dock, and an open window on the second floor. What will be your choice of entry?




A) The tempered double doors.


B) The two large display windows.


C) The loading dock door.


D) The second story window.

The two large display windows.




Opening the display windows serves several purposes. They are easily broken, and provides you direct access to the sales floor. This facilitates advancing hoselines, ventilating the structure, and removing victims.



If a tempered plate-glass door must be broken it is best to do so by striking the -




A) Upper corner with a pike pole.


B) Upper corner with a center punch.


C) Lower corner with a pike pole.


D) Lower corner with the pick end of an axe.

Lower corner with the pick end of an axe.




The glass will shatter into hundreds of pieces of glass that are not sharp.

Your crew needs to make entrance to a building through doors constructed with heavy plate glass, set in heavy frames. What would be the best way to achieve entry?




A) Break the glass at the bottom corner with the pick of an axe.


B) Attempt to remove the glass by forcing the frame.


C) Force the lock.


D) Break the glass at the top corner using a center punch.

Force the lock.




Doors constructed from heavy plate glass should be treated the same as doors constructed from tempered glass. It is much better to remove the lock, than to break the glass.



Which statement is not true?




A) Wooden doors leading to the outside are usually solid core construction.


B) Residential doors usually swing open to the outside.


C) Wooden doors may or may not have cylinder locks.


D) Doors in public building swing open to the outside.

Residential doors usually swing open to the outside.




Residential doors normally open to the inside of the building.

Metal doors are usually constructed of all the following except -




A) Metal covered.


B) Hollow core.


C) Constructed with some sort of filler sandwiched between them.


D) Solid metal.

Solid metal.




Metal doors are not usually solid metal, however, these doors may be difficult to force open if the metal frame is set in concrete, brick or masonry.



The best way to gain access through a metal door is to -




A) Forced the door at the frame.


B) Gain access to the lock.


C) Pull the hinge pins and open the door on the hinge side.


D) B and C.

B and C.




Gain access to a lock or pull the hinge pins would be the best way to gain access through a metal door.



) A device with from two to eight bars that hold the door closed from the inside is called a -




A) Castle lock.


B) Fox lock.


C) Bunker lock.


D) Police lock.



Fox lock.

The best way to gain access through a metal door with a fox lock is to -




A) Use a power saw.


B) Use a battering ram.


C) Use a cutting torch.


D) Not attempt entry in the first place

Not attempt entry in the first place.




A door equipped with a fox lock is practically impossible to force open.



The best way to gain access through a metal door not equipped with a fox lock, and has no exposed hinges includes which of the following?




(1) Use a power saw. (2) Use a battering ram. (3) Use a cutting torch. (4) Remove the door frame.




A) 1, 2.


B) 3, 4.


C) 1, 3.


D) 2, 4.




1, 3.




Battering rams may be effective, but not as effective as a power saw or cutting torch.

Overhead doors are usually constructed from all of the following materials except -




A) Molded, high impact, plastic.


B) Wood.


C) Fiberglass.


D) Metal.




Molded, high impact, plastic.

Which of the following would not generally be considered a type of overhead door?




A) Hinged.


B) Folding.


C) Rolling.


D) Slab.

Hinged.

On an overhead door, where is the lock usually located?




A) On the right lower corner of the door.


B) On the left upper corner of the door.


C) At the center of the door.


D) At the center near the bottom of the door.



At the center of the door.




The handle of the door is usually located in the same area.



On a sectional or folding door, what is the best way to gain entry?




A) By forcing the door away from its track.


B) By knocking a door panel out near the lock and manually unlocking it.


C) By prying the door open using two Halligan bars located on the bottom edge of each side of the door.


D) By using a cutting saw and making your own door within the door.




By knocking a door panel out near the lock and manually unlocking it.



If a wooden overhead door is too difficult to force open, it should be opened using a -




A) Battering ram.


B) Cutting torch.


C) Power saw or axe.


D) All the above.

Power saw or axe.




Probably not a good idea to use a cutting torch on a wooden door. After all, the premise of your response is to put fires out, not start new ones.

The first step in forcing a metal door is to -




A) Pry it up as much as possible at both sides.


B) Locate the position of any built-in locks.


C) Locate the position of any interior padlocks.


D) Pry the rails on each side to expose the locking pins.




Pry it up as much as possible at both sides.




Metal doors do not usually have built-in locks.


Generally, what would you consider to be the easiest structures to enter using forcible entry?




A) High-rise office buildings.


B) Warehouses.


C) Commercial occupancies.


D) Residential structures.

Residential structures.




Hand tools carried on the apparatus are usually enough to gain access to these structures.



A device consisting of a heavy bar fastened to the floor inside an apartment door, connected to a plate on the door best characterizes which type of lock?




A) Castle lock.


B) Fox lock.


C) Bunker lock.


D) Police lock.

Police lock.




Also called a Floor Lock.

You are called to a residential apartment that is equipped with both a police lock and barred windows. Which of the following would represent the best way to gain access to this apartment?




A) Force the bars off the windows with hydraulic spreaders.


B) Cut the bars with a cutting torch.


C) Knock the door down with a battering ram.


D) Breach a wall to gain access to the apartment.




Breach a wall to gain access to the apartment.




The hallway wall should be opened quickly and the door be left in place, if it is known or suspected that their may be still occupants inside the apartment. If an adjoining apartment door is open, it may be easier to breach the wall into the locked apartment from the unlocked one.



As a rule, glass should be broken in residential sliding doors -




A) When there is a need for immediate rescue.


B) When utilizing horizontal ventilation.


C) To advance hoselines into the building.


D) Under most structure fire situations.

When there is a need for immediate rescue.




Also in cases when the glass is already strained or damaged from smoke and heat.


When attempting to breach a masonry wall, the wall should be opened -




A) As close to the center of the wall as possible.


B) Near the doorway.


C) Near the top of the wall.


D) Near the bottom of the wall.




Near the doorway.




The door and door frame will help support the opening in the wall.

plate glass is much stronger than tempered glass




true/false?

false




Tempered glass is much stronger than plate glass

Tempered glass should be considered as a last resort for gaining entry through a building. Another means of entry should be considered or located before attempting to break out a doorway with tempered glass. If a tempered door must be used to gain entry, it should be attempted where?

Tempered glass should be considered as a last resort for gaining entry through a building. Another means of entry should be considered or located before attempting to break out a doorway with tempered glass. If a tempered door must be used to gain entry, it should be attempted at its lock.

If tempered plate-glass door must be broken,how should you break it?




what is a safety consideration?

If tempered plate-glass door must be broken, it is best to do so by striking a lower corner of the door with the pick end of an axe. When the door breaks it will shatter into hundreds of pieces, not sharp, but more like globules

*How should Doors with heavy plate glass set in heavy frames be treated?

*Doors with heavy plate glass set in heavy frames should be treated in the sameway as tempered glass doors.