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72 Cards in this Set

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What is the Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus?




A) NFPA 1900.


B) NFPA 1906.


C) NFPA 1901.


D) NFPA 1911.

NFPA 1901.



A self-supporting, turntable-mounted, power-operated ladder of two or more sections permanently attached to a self-supporting automotive fire apparatus and designed to provide a continuous egress from an elevated position to the ground is called a(an) -




A) Quint.


B) Elevating platform.


C) Water tower.


D) Aerial ladder.






Aerial ladder.

A type of fire apparatus with a permanently mounted fire pump, a water tank, a hose storage area, and aerial ladder, or elevating platform with a permanently mounted waterway, and a complement of ground ladders is called a(an) -




A) Quint.


B) Elevating platform.


C) Water tower.


D) Aerial ladder.

Quint.




The primary purpose for this type of fire apparatus is to fight structure and associated fires, and to support firefighting and rescue operations.



A self-supporting, turntable-mounted device consisting of a personnel-carrying platform attached to the uppermost boom of a series of power-operated booms that articulate and/or telescope, and that are sometimes arranged to provide continuous egress capabilities of an aerial ladder is called a(an) -




A) Quint.


B) Elevating platform.


C) Water tower.


D) Aerial ladder.

Elevating platform.

An aerial device consisting of permanently mounted power-operated booms and a waterway designed to support a large-capacity, mobile, elevated water stream is called a(an) -




A) Quint.


B) Elevating platform.


C) Water tower.


D) Aerial ladder.




Water tower.

The working height of an aerial ladder is measured from the -




A) Ground to the highest ladder rung with the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.


B) Base of the turntable to the highest ladder rung with the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.


C) Ground to the tip of the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.


D) Base of the turntable to the tip of the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.






Ground to the highest ladder rung with the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.



Aerial fire apparatus is designed to allow firefighters to perform which of the following tasks?




A) Provide access to upper floors, and transporting tools and equipment.


B) Rescue and Ventilation.


C) Advancing and/or operating hoselines, and elevated master streams.


D) All the above.

All the above.

What is the Standard for Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications?




A) NFPA 1001


B) NFPA 1002


C) NFPA 1500.


D) NFPA 1006.

NFPA 1002



What is the Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program?




A) NFPA 1561.


B) NFPA 1620.


C) NFPA 1500.


D) NFPA 1521.

NFPA 1500.

What is the Standard for a Fire Vehicle Operations Training Program?




A) NFPA 1410.


B) NFPA 1452.


C) NFPA 1405.


D) NFPA 1451.






NFPA 1451.

All of the following factors work against the strength of an aerial device except -




A) Wind and icing effects.


B) Heavy rain conditions.


C) Improper stabilization of the aerial device.


D) Improper use of the aerial device.



Heavy rain conditions.




Heavy rain conditions are unlikely to affect the strength of the aerial device. Others would include:






Operations in unparallel locations.


An excessive degree of angle.


Length of extension.


Exposure to heat.


Contact or collision with an object.



Nozzle reaction from elevated streams

Stabilizers, along with the pads, must be deployed -




A) When the aerial device is being deployed perpendicular to the vehicle.


B) When the aerial device is being raised at a elevation twice the length of the apparatus length.


C) When the apparatus is being used to transport firefighters or victims to and from elevated floors in a building.


D) With every use of the aerial device.

With every use of the aerial device.



Which of the following statements regarding aerial devices is not true?




A) Stabilizers are used to prevent the aerial fire apparatus from tipping over when the aerial device is positioned away from the centerline of the chassis.


B) Outriggers should be deployed in an outward direction and distance, that is proportional to the maximum height the device is being raised to.


C) Stabilizers with pads underneath should always be placed on solid, even terrain.


D) With the stabilizers properly set, the aerial device should be capable of being raised from the bedded position to maximum elevation and extension, and rotated 90 degrees.



Outriggers should be deployed in an outward direction and distance, that is proportional to the maximum height the device is being raised to.




The outriggers or stabilizers should always be fully extended and never "short jacked."

There will be times when the aerial device must be operated off an incline. During these situations, where should the aerial apparatus be positioned?




A) The operator should spot the turntable downhill from the point of operation.


B) The operator should spot the turntable uphill from the point of operation.


C) The operator should spot the turntable evenly parallel to the point of operation.


D) The operator should position the apparatus perpendicular to the grade of the hill and the turntable should be parallel to the point of operation.

The operator should spot the turntable downhill from the point of operation.




This will reduce stress on the aerial device.

Firefighters who are not actually on the aerial apparatus should be __ when the apparatus is working.




A) Assigned to ground ladder operations.


B) Gathering tools and equipment from the apparatus.


C) Assigned to engine companies.


D) Trained not to touch the apparatus.

Trained not to touch the apparatus.




Anyone who is touching the apparatus and the ground can be severely injured or killed if the aerial device comes in contact with an electric wire.



The rated capacity of the aerial device is -




A) The total amount of weight of all personnel without equipment that can be supported at the outermost rung of an aerial ladder or platform of an elevating platform with the waterway charged.


B) The total amount of weight of all personnel without equipment that can be supported at the outermost rung of an aerial ladder or platform of an elevating platform with the waterway uncharged.


C) The total amount of weight of all personnel and equipment that can be supported at the outermost rung of an aerial ladder or platform of an elevating platform with the waterway uncharged.


D) The total amount of weight of all personnel and equipment that can be supported at the outermost rung of an aerial ladder or platform of an elevating platform with the waterway charged.

The total amount of weight of all personnel and equipment that can be supported at the outermost rung of an aerial ladder or platform of an elevating platform with the waterway uncharged.

When the tip of the aerial ladder or elevating platform is not touching or resting on an object, its position is referred to as -




A) Unsupported.


B) Unstabilized.


C) Cantilevered.


D) Ungrounded.

Unsupported.




In the supported position the tip of the aerial device is resting on an object.




When performing rescues on elevated floors, it is best to remove occupants by way of -




A) Aerial platforms.


B) Aerial Ladders.


C) Telescoping platforms.


D) Interior stairways or fire escapes.



Interior stairways or fire escapes.

When performing aerial rescues, what is the order of priority for rescue?




(1) Victims in exposed areas. (2) Victims gathered in groups. (3) Victims in the most danger from present fire conditions. (4) Individual victims in the fire area.




A) 2, 3, 4, 1.


B) 3, 2, 4, 1.


C) 1, 2, 3, 4.


D) 3, 4, 2, 1.

3, 2, 4, 1.




In addition, the person who is in the most danger is the one threatening to jump, even if that person is not in any immediate danger from the fire itself.



When victims are at a single window or at several windows that are close together, where should the turntable be placed?




A) The turntable should be placed close to the victims.


B) The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but upwind.


C) The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but downwind.


D) The turntable should be place midway between the victims and other potential windows where victims may appear after the apparatus as been stabilized.




The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but upwind.

When victims are at a single window or at several windows that are close together, and fire is issuing from windows on lower floors immediately below the victims, where should the turntable be placed?




A) The turntable should be placed close to the victims.


B) The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but upwind.


C) The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but downwind.


D) The turntable should be place midway between the victims and other potential windows where victims may appear after the apparatus as been stabilized.




The turntable should be placed close to the victims, but upwind.




It is even more important to have the apparatus placed upwind of the rescue point so that heat and embers are not blown towards the aerial device.

When victims are at windows that are some distance from each other, and fire is issuing from windows on lower floors immediately below the victims, where should the turntable be placed?




A) The turntable should be centered between the windows that are furthest from each other.


B) The turntable should be placed close to the victims, on the upwind side first to rescue victims, then repositioned downwind to the next window.


C) The turntable should be placed close to the victims on the upwind side, and the tip of the aerial device extended to reach victims trapped in windows on the downwind side of the fire.


D) The turntable should be place midway between the victims and other potential windows where victims may appear after the apparatus as been stabilized.

The turntable should be centered between the windows that are furthest from each other.




This means that the aerial device will be operated in the smoke and heat part of the time. It would take too much time to rescue victims from one window, and then reposition the apparatus to rescue victims that are farther away.



How should apparatus be positioned in order to be able to rescue victims from two or more floors without repositioning the apparatus?




A) The aerial device should be positioned at the corner of the building.


B) The aerial apparatus should be positioned as close to the building as possible.


C) The aerial device should be raised parallel to the side of the building.


D) A and C.






A and C.




The aerial device should be positioned at the corner of the building.


The aerial device should be raised parallel to the side of the building.



How can ladder crews prevent victims trapped on floors above the reach of the aerial device from making an attempt to jump on to the device?




A) Avoid moving the aerial device in the area where these victims may be tempted to jump.


B) Make a concerted effort to make visual and or verbal contact as soon as possible.


C) Allow the victims to make an attempt to jump on the device as long as the device is position no more than 10 feet below the victims.


D) Do not let the device come to a stop at any point unless in the process of performing a rescue.




Make a concerted effort to make visual and or verbal contact as soon as possible.




Making direct contact with the victims might calm them down, knowing that firefighters are aware of their situation.



Which victims are in the most peril during a structure fire?




A) Victims who are closest to the seat of the fire.


B) Victims who are positioned above the seat of the fire.


C) Victims who are gathered in groups.


D) Victims who are endangered by their own mental state.





Victims who are endangered by their own mental state.




If a victim has convinced himself that he is going to die, no matter where the fire is, that victim is in the most danger of jumping.


When using an aerial device to rescue victims from upper story windows, the approach of the device should be from -




A) Well below the window and slowly raised to a height where the victims can step on to the device.


B) Above the window and slowly lowered down to a height where the victims can step on to the device.


C) A horizontal plane even with the height of the window where the victims can step on to the device.


D) The side at the same height as the window.






Above the window and slowly lowered down to a height where the victims can step on to the device.




This will prevent victims from making an attempt to jump from the window on to the aerial device.



When using an aerial ladder to rescue victims from a window, where should the tip of the ladder be placed?




A) The tip of the aerial ladder should be placed so that the first rung is even with the windowsill.


B) The tip of the aerial ladder should be placed so that it extends into the window at least 3 rungs


C) The tip of the aerial ladder should be placed so that the second rung is even with the windowsill.


D) The tip of the aerial ladder should be placed approximately 4 inches below the windowsill.


The tip of the aerial ladder should be placed so that the first rung is even with the windowsill.




This allows victims to climb over the sill directly on to the ladder.



When occupants are trapped on fire escapes or balconies directly over the fire, the aerial ladder should be raised to the fire escape or balcony on the side least exposed to fire, and the tip of the ladder should be placed __ above the railing.




A) 2 feet.


B) 3 feet.


C) 4 feet.


D) 6 feet.

6 feet.




This allows victims to use the top rail as handholds while they climb on the ladder.



When using an elevating platform to rescue occupants from windows, the top rail of the platform should be placed -




A) 1 foot above the windowsill.


B) 1 foot below the windowsill.


C) Even with the windowsill


D) 6 inches below the windowsill.

Even with the windowsill




This allows the easiest and safest way for occupants to step on to the device.


When occupants are trapped on fire escapes or balconies directly over the fire, the elevating platform should be raised to the fire escape or balcony on the side least exposed to fire, and the top rail of the platform should be placed -




A) 2 feet above the balcony railing.


B) 2 feet below the balcony railing.


C) Even with the balcony floor.


D) Even with the balcony railing.

Even with the balcony railing.



How should a elevating platform be positioned when rescuing occupants from flat roofs?




A) The platform should be positioned so that it is just below and under the edge of the roof.


B) The platform should be positioned so that it is just above and over the edge of the roof.


C) The platform should be positioned so that it is approximately 3 feet above the edge of the roof.


D) The platform should be positioned so that it is even with the edge of the roof.



The platform should be positioned so that it is just above and over the edge of the roof.




This will allow direct access to the platform.

When only one beam of an aerial ladder will make contact with a windowsill, fire escape, or balcony, the tip of the beam should be placed -




A) Above and about 6 inches away from the objective during final approach.


B) Below and about 6 inches away from the objective during final approach.


C) Above and about 12 inches away from the objective during final approach.


D) Below and about 12 inches away from the objective during final approach.





Above and about 6 inches away from the objective during final approach.


When only one corner of a platform will contact the objective, the top rail of the platform should be placed -




A) A bit lower than the objective.


B) A bit higher than the objective.


C) Even with the objective.


D) All the above.






A bit higher than the objective.




Occupants will then be able to get a good hold on the platform as they climb in.



How many firefighters should be assigned inside the building to assist occupants onto and aerial ladder being used for rescue?




A) None. All firefighters should remain outside during the rescue operations.


B) At least one.


C) Two.


D) Three.

At least one.




A firefighter should be positioned with victims, especially if they are grouped in one location.



When occupants must be removed from two or more locations, the aerial ladder should be -




A) Kept in the first location and all occupants in the second location should be moved through the building to the first location.


B) Moved to the next location once all occupants have mounted the ladder from the first location.


C) Kept in the first location until half the victims have descended to the ground.


D) Kept in the first location until all the victims have descended to the ground.





Kept in the first location until all the victims have descended to the ground.




The aerial ladder should not be moved while anyone is climbing on it.


The removal of an unconscious victim on to an elevating platform requires a minimum of -




A) One firefighter.


B) Two firefighters.


C) Three firefighters.


D) Four firefighters.

Two firefighters.




One firefighter is assigned to lift the victim. The other is waiting in the platform.



If at all possible, what victim should be sent down to the ground first with an elevating platform.




A) A conscious adult.


B) A conscious child.


C) An unconscious adult or child.


D) A panicking adult or child.

An unconscious adult or child.




The unconscious victim needs medical attention and should receive priority.

Your ladder company is working on the 4th floor of a building and discovers an unconscious victim. A stokes basket has been deployed to your location, and the victim has been secured in the basket. What is the best way to get this victim out of the building?




A) Mount the stokes basket to the side rails of the elevating platform.


B) Move the victim head up, down the aerial ladder with two firefighters below the victim and one supporting the stokes from the top.


C) Move the victim head up, down the aerial ladder with one firefighter below the victim and two supporting the stokes from the top.


D) Carry the victim down through an interior stairway.




Carry the victim down through an interior stairway.

If an aerial ladder must be used to remove an unconscious victim secured in a stokes basket, the easiest and safest way to accomplish this is by -




A) Lowering the stokes down the ladder between the rungs. One or two firefighters are positioned at the foot of the stokes, and one firefighter is positioned in the window controlling a rope that is attached to the stokes basket.


B) Lowering the stokes down the ladder between the rungs. One or two firefighters are positioned at the foot of the stokes, and one firefighter is positioned at the head of the victim providing additional support and to assist the other two firefighters navigate down the ladder.


C) Lowering the stokes down the ladder perpendicular to the rails of the ladder. One or two firefighters are positioned on the lower side, and one firefighter is positioned in the window controlling a rope that is attached to the side of the stokes basket.


D) Lowering the stokes down the ladder perpendicular to the rails of the ladder. One or two firefighters are positioned on the lower side, and one firefighter is positioned on the lower side of the stokes providing additional support and to assist the other two firefighters navigate down the ladder.

Lowering the stokes down the ladder between the rungs. One or two firefighters are positioned at the foot of the stokes, and one firefighter is positioned in the window controlling a rope that is attached to the stokes basket.



When removing victims secured in stoke baskets using elevating platforms, the litter can be -




A) Placed in a vertical plane, if the injury requires that the victim cannot lie down.


B) Laid across the top railings of the platform and secured in place with a rope, or appropriate strapping.


C) Lowered to the ground by using the elevating platform as a crane, with the litter secure in at least 4 locations with rescue rope.


D) A and B.

A and B.




The stokes can be placed in a vertical plane, if the injury requires that the victim cannot lie down, or lowered to the ground by using the elevating platform as a crane, with the litter secured in at least 4 locations with rescue rope.



If firefighters are assigned to the roof for ventilation operations, the aerial ladder should be extended __ over the edge of the roof.




A) 3 rungs.


B) 6 rungs.


C) 3 feet.


D) 6 feet.

6 feet.

If firefighters are assigned to the roof for ventilation operations, the elevating platform should be positioned so that the -




A) Top of the platform should be even with the roof.


B) Top of the platform should be 12 inches below the edge of the roof.


C) Bottom of the platform should be even with the roof or slightly over the edge.


D) Top of the platform should be 24 inches above the edge of the roof.




Bottom of the platform should be even with the roof or slightly over the edge.

Which of the following statements is not true?




A) Aerial ladders and elevating platforms can be used to open or break windows for ventilation purposes.


B) Firefighters performing tasks should be secured to the ladder or platform with a safety belt or harness.


C) Firefighters should utilize a leg lock when working on any part of an aerial ladder.


D) Firefighters should use a pike pole or plaster hook when opening windows from aerial apparatus or elevating platforms.






Firefighters should utilize a leg lock when working on any part of an aerial ladder.




An unintentional extension or retraction of the aerial ladder could cause serious injury

When more than one window must be opened, and the wind is blowing across the face of the building, the first window to be opened should be the one -




A) Centered between the furthest windows.


B) Furthest downwind.


C) Furthest upwind.


D) That shows the most smoke.


Furthest downwind.




This allows the products of combustion to be carried away from the firefighter.



f it is known that the aerial device will be used for ventilation purposes, the turntable should be positioned for maximum effectiveness. When the wind is blowing across the face of the building, and exposures are located close to its downwind side, the turntable should be spotted -




A) Downwind of the farthest exposure.


B) Upwind of the farthest exposure.


C) Downwind of the closest exposure.


D) Upwind of the closest exposure




Upwind of the closest exposure.




This allows the aerial device to be used on the fire building, and if necessary, on the exposed building



If the fire building is very wide or if there are no downwind exposures, the turntable should be spotted -




A) In the center of the building.


B) On the upwind side of the building.


C) On the downwind side of the building.


D) In the area of the upwind exposures.

In the center of the building.




This will allow maximum reach in most areas of the building.



You are working outside next to the side of a building when all of a sudden you are caught unexpectedly in a shower of glass and debris from ladder companies working on aerial devices above you. What should you do?




A) Run!


B) Cover your head and face with your gloves and move to your knees.


C) Cover your neck with your gloved hands and quickly move away from the building.


D) Keep your head down and your arms close to your sides, and move as close to the building as possible.






Keep your head down and your arms close to your sides, and move as close to the building as possible.




Never look up. Seek protection in doorways and under overhangs, and proceed only when advised that it is safe to do so.



The quickest way to move equipment and hoselines to the third floor of a building is by using -




A) Interior stairs.


B) Ropes thrown down from the third floor.


C) Ground ladders.


D) Elevating platforms.

Elevating platforms.


When firefighters climb aerial ladders carrying a hoseline, the tip of the ladder should be positioned -




A) Just below the windowsill.


B) Just above the windowsill.


C) Even with the windowsill.


D) Inside the window, so the hoseline can be dropped on the floor.





Even with the windowsill.

Explain the NFPA Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus

NFPA 1901, Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, as a vehicle equipped with an aerial ladder, elevating platform, aerial ladder platform, or water tower that is designed and equipped to support firefighting and rescue operations by positioning personnel, handling materials, providing continuous egress, or discharging water at positions elevated from the ground.

Aerial Ladder

self-supporting, turntable mounted, power-operated ladder of two or more sections permanently attached to a self-propelled automotive fire apparatus and designed to provide a continuous egress route from an elevated position to the ground.

Quint –

a type of fire apparatus with a permanently mounted fire pump, a water tank, a hose storage area, an aerial ladder, or elevating platform with a permanently mounted waterway, and a complement of ground ladders.

Elevating Platform

a self-suppporting, turntable mounted, device consisting of a personnel-carrying platform attached to the uppermost boom of a series of power operated booms that articulate and/or telescope and that are sometimes arranged to provide the continuous egress capabilities of an aerial ladder.

Water tower

an aerial device consisting of permanently mounted power operated booms and a waterway designed to supply large-capacity, mobile, elevated water streams.

How is The working height of an aerial ladder is measured ?

The working height of an aerial ladder is measured from the ground to the highest ladder rung with the ladder at its maximum elevation and extension.

how is An aerial platform measured?

An aerial platform is measured from the ground to the top surface of the highest platform handrail with the device at its maximum elevation and extension.

Purpose of an Aerial Ladder

A. Provide access to upper floors


B. Rescue


C. Ventilation


D. Advancing or operating hose lines


E. Elevated Master Streams-should be capable of flowing 1000gpm when a pre-piped waterway is provided.


F. Transporting tools and equipment

NFPA ____________Standard for Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications

NFPA 1002 – Standard for Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications

NFPA _______ Standard for Fire Vehicle Operations Training Program.

NFPA 1451 – Standard for Fire Vehicle Operations Training Program.

Stresses are factors that work against the strength of the aerial device and includethe following:

1. Improper stabilization of the aerial apparatus


2. Operations in unparallel locations such as uphill or downhill grades


3. Improper use of the aerial device, including erratic movements


4. An excessive degree of angle, either horizontally or vertically


5. Length of extension


6. Weight of aerial device


7. Wind effects


8. Icing conditions


9. Exposure to heat


10. Contact or collision with an object, such as a building


11. Nozzle reaction from elevated streams

When the apparatus is required to work on areas of incline, the operator should spot the apparatus with the turn-table (uphill, downhill, level) from the point of operation to reduce stress on the aerial device.

When the apparatus is required to work on areas of incline, the operator should spot the apparatus with the turn-table downhill from the point of operation to reduce stress on the aerial device.

*If the approach is from downhill, how should the truck be spotted and operated?

*If the approach is from downhill, the truck should stop short of the building,and the aerial device should be raised over the cab.

*If the approach is from uphill, how should the truck be spotted and operated?

*If the approach is from uphill, the truck should proceed past the building and the aerial device raised over the back of the apparatus.

With the exception of _______________, no one should be on the aerial device while it is being elevated, rotated, or restricted.

With the exception of the platform of an elevating platform, no one should be on the aerial device while it is being elevated, rotated, or restricted.

how should you approach victims when operating a platform?

*When distance and height factors permit, the aerial device must first be raised well above any potential victims. Then the platform or aerial ladder tip should be lowered down to the victims in the final approach.

When occupants are trapped on a fire escape or balcony directly over the fire, how should the victims be approached regarding the aerial?

When occupants are trapped on a fire escape or balcony directly over the fire, theaerial ladder should be raised on the side of the fire escape or balcony that is least exposed to the fire.

trapped occupants on a fire escape or balcony




In the final approach, the tip of the ladder should be placed where?

In the final approach, the tip of the ladder should be placed 6 feet above the railing to allow victims to use the top rail as handholds while they climb onto the ladder.

When removing victims from a flat roof, the tip of the aerial should be placed where?

When removing victims from a flat roof, the tip of the aerial should extend 6 feetabove the edge of the roof

which victims should be sent down the aerial first


unconscious or conscious?

If possible, unconscious victims should be sent down before conscious victims

The removal of an unconscious victim requires a minimum of ________ firefighters.

The removal of an unconscious victim requires a minimum of two firefighters.

The removal of an unconscious victim requires a minimum of two firefighters.




What are each of their jobs?

One fire fighter is positioned to lift the victim to another fire fighter waiting in the platform.

*is it ok to use a leg lock when operating from an aerial ladder?




why or why not?

*A leg lock should not be used when operating from an aerial ladder; if used, any unintentional extension or retraction of the fly section could cause serious injury.