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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Disorder?


Cytology?


Caused by?

Disorder?




Cytology?




Caused by?

Pernicious anemia




Macrocytic to Normo-hyperchromic- stick together; hypersegmented Neutrophil




Autoimmunity that leads to lack of B12 that inhibits cells from dividing properly

Disorder?


Cytology?


Caused by?

Disorder?




Cytology?




Caused by?

Iron Deficiency anemia




Microcytic, hypochromic cells due to lack of hgb




hemorrhaging, low iron intake, or impaired absorption impair hgb production

Disorder?


Cytology?


Caused by?

Disorder?




Cytology?




Caused by?

Sickle cell anemia




Normochromic, normocytic, sickle shaped cells




Val-Glu replacement on beta chain of hgb



Disorder?

Cytology?

Caused by?

Disorder?




Cytology?




Caused by?


Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia




Abundant small lymphocytes, "smear cells"




Malignant lymphocyte progenitor cells in bone marrow

Disorder?

Cytology?

Caused by?

Disorder?




Cytology?




Caused by?


Eosinophilia




Multiple eosiniphils




Malignancy, connective tissue diseases, parasitic diseases, allergies, unknown etiology


Lightly striated




One to two nuclei




intercalated discs




branching





Where is the heart located? What is surrounded by?
Located in the mediastinum, surrounded by the pericardium

7



1- Fibrous Pericardium


2- Parietal layer of serous pericardium


3- Pericardial cavity


4-Epicardium/ visceral layer of serous pericardium


5-myocardium


6- Endocardium


7- Heart chamber

1
1
Brachiocephalic artery
2
2
Superior Vena Cava
3
3
Ascending aorta
4
4
Pulmonary trunk
5
5
R Pulmonary veins
6
6
R Auricle
7
7
R Coronary artery
7a
7b
Coronary sulcus
8
8
R Ventricle
9
9
Inferior vena cava
10
10

Left common carotid artery



11
11
Left subclavian artery
12
12
Aorta
13
13
Ligamentum arteriosum
14
14
Left pulmonary artery
15
15
L Pulmonary veins
16
16
L Auricle
17
17
Circumflex artery
18
18
L coronary artery
19
19
Coronary sulcus
19b
19b
L Ventricle
20
20
Anterior interventricular artery in the anteriorinterventtricular sulcus

What is the flow of blood from the aorta?




(12 steps- include valves)


1. Body Tissues


2. Systemic capillaries


3. Superior/ Inferior vena cava


4. right atrium


5. right ventricle through tricuspid valve


6. pulmonary trunk/arteries through pulmonary valve


7. lungs


8. pulmonary capillaries


9. pulmonary veins


10. left atrium


11. left ventricle through bicuspid valve


12 aorta

1
1
Aorta
2
2
Left pulmonary artery
3
3
left pulmonary veins
4
4
L auricle
5
5
L Atrium
6
6
Great cardiac vein
7
7
Posterior vein
8
8
L Ventricle
9
9
Apex
10
10
Superior vena cava
11
11
R pulmonary artery
12
12
R pulmonary veins
13
13
R Atrium
14
14
Inferior vena cava
15
15
Coronary sinus
16
16
R coronary artery in coronary sulcus
17
17
Posterior interventricular artery in posterior interventricular sulcus
18
18
Middle cardiac vein
19
19
R Ventricle
1
1
Fossa Ovalis
2
2
Pectinate muscles
3
3
Tricuspid
4
4
Chordae tendinae
5
5
Trabecular carneae
6
6
Bicuspid valve
7
7
aortic valve
8
8
pulmonary valve
9
9
papillary muscle
10
10
epicardium
11
11
myocardium
12
12
endocardium
1
1
L coronary artery
2
2
R coronary artery
3
3
Anterior cardiac vein
4
4
Marginal artery
5
5
Circumflex artery
6
6
great cardiac vein
7
7
anterior interventricular artery