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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the scientific method?
- Galileo first to describe it
- composed of a series of logic steps that can be used to investigate and solve the wide variety of phenomena and problems
What is Aristotelian logic?
- used before scientific method was established
- used deductive logic
- consists of sequence of reasoning that was followed by a logical conclusion
What is deductive logic?
proposes specific questions, problems and conclusions from broader and more general concepts
What is inductive logic?
- uses facts or IV cases to form a general conclusion
- not acceptable during middle ages
What is the 1st step in using scientific method?
- problem to be solved or the phenomenon to be understood be clearly identified
- simplified and put into a written statement
What is the 2nd step of scientific method?
- making observations
- uncovering info
- reviewing and reading the results to similar studies
- scientists get a better understanding of the problems or events
What is the 3rd step of scientific method?
- formation of hypothesis
- consist of a prediction about the problem or phenomenon
What is the 4th step of scientific method?
- design an experiment that'll test the hypothesis
- scientist should be aware of outside factors that could influence the results of the experiment and take steps to eliminate them
- be an outside observer
What is the 5th step of scientific method?
carrying out the experiment and gathering the data in an accurate and unbiased manner
What is the 6th step of scientific method?
evaluate the results to determine whether or not the data gathered supports the hypothesis
What is the last step of the scientific method?
conclusion statement may be formulated
What happens if the data is not supportive of the hypothesis?
repeat scientific method
What is a theory?
- may emerge from a hypothesis that has been extensively tested and found to be always true
- generally more generalized
- shouldn't be considered final or absolute
What is the scientific law?
universal and considered to be a sequence of natural events that occur with unvarying uniformity under the same conditions
What is the hypothesis?
- prediction about the problem
- made in a manner that is testable
What is involved in how much volume of H2O is displaced?
- equal to the volume of the object
What is the problem to be investigated in Lab 1?
- what happens tot the volume of fluid in a container when a floating ice cube melts
What to do if the data from testing a hypothesis doesn't support the hypothesis?
- revised
- retested
- reevaluated
Describe the data collected from a hypothesis?
- gathered in an accurate manner
- collected in a non-biased manner
- evaluated in an unbiased manner