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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Integumentary Organ System

Epidermal and dermal regions


-protection


-secretion of salts and urea


-body temp. regulation


-vitamin D production

Skeletal Organ System

Bones, Cartilage, Tendons, Ligaments, Joints


-support and protection of organs


-levers for muscle action


-cavities provide site for blood cell formation

Muscular Organ System

Muscles attached to skeleton


-locomotion


-generate heat

Nervous Organ System

Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, and Sensory Receptors


-detect change in internal and external environment


-maintain homeostasis via electrical signals

Endocrine Organ System

Pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands; ovaries, testes, and pancreas


-maintain homeostasis


-produces chemical "messengers" that exert their effect on "target organs"

Cardiovascular Organ System

Heart, blood vessels, and blood


-transport system


-antibodies and other protein molecules in the blood act to protect the body

Lymphatic/ Immunity Organ System

Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, lymphoid tissues


-picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood


-cleanses blood of pathogens and other debris


-houses lymphocytes (protection from antigens)

Respiratory Organ System

Nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs


-keeps blood supplied with O2 and removes CO2


-acid/base balance of blood via carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system

Digestive Organ System

Oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and accessory structures


-breaks down ingested food to be absorbed into blood


-undigested residue removed as feces

Urinary Organ System

Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra


-rids body of nitrogen-containing waste from breakdown of proteins and nucleic acids


-maintains water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of blood

Reproductive Organ System

Male: testes, prostate gland, scrotum, penis, and duct system


Female: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, mammary glands, vagina