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13 Cards in this Set

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Agama

canonical (official) texts within Svetambara Jainism

Ahimsa

literally,non-harm or non-violence. For Jains it denotes a philosophy of life in whichall living beings should be respected and, to the greatest degree possible,protected from harm

Angas

partof their canon of scripture

Digambaras

early sectarian node within Jainism with its ownsacred scriptures; identified by the male mendicant practice of nudityt

Gunas

changeablequalities of perceivable reality

Jina

conqueror;name given to the 24 ascetic prophets who conquered the world of desire andsuffering, and taught the path to eternal happiness; alternatively calledTirthankara

KalpaSutra

one of the religious texts

Mahavira

‘Great Hero’; epithet (nickname) of the 24thand final Jina of or time cycle, born Vardhamana Jnatrupura in the 6thcentury BCE; founder or Jainism

Nigoda

microscopicorganisms that are all around us and die within milliseconds – they only have asense of touch

Svetambaras

oneof the two early sectarian nodes within Jainism; mendicants wear simple whiterobes

Swastika-

traditionalreligious symbol meaning prosperity

Tirthankara--

‘ford-maker’; epithet for the 24 Jinas who, throughtheir teachings, created a ford across the ocean of samsara

Yaksha/Yakshi

name of a broad class of nature spirits, who arecaretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots