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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

Wa

- clearify who is meant


- topic marker: emphasize an object: as for the ....


- contrast marker



Ni

- to a place


-@ time


-@ a place

De

By train, by bus


To oat with chopsticks


Where doing sth.


Zu dritt: sannin de

To

- with sb.

chpt 6


Watanabe-san to, kanojo-to

- I will go with her

-Watashi-wa kanojo-to ikimasu.

- I will drink a beer at the pub with Mr Ito.

- (Watashi-wa) Itouosan-to izakaya-de biiru-o nomiasu. or...



more naturally: ohne watashi-wa

...tai

I, You want to


nominal adjective-like



tai:
only for 1. + 2. personal pronoun


I, you want to drink (polite)


I, you want to go (polite)

nomitai desu


ikitai desu

plain: nomitai

taku-nai

don't want to

I don't drink




I want to drink




I don't want to drink (polite)




I don't want to go (polite)

nomimasen




nomitai



nomitaku-nai desu




ikitaku-nai desu

... ku-nai desu


... ku arimasen.

polite


negativ form for i-adjectives




omoshiroku-nai desu


omoshiroku arimasen.





chapter 7




arimasen is already polite.


it therefore doesn't need to be followed by "desu"

o

- politeness prefix




- object marker

o-negai shimasu
o = polite / negai = wish

....,., yo!

..., I tell you!!!