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21 Cards in this Set

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Nominal adj

In front of noun with -NA


Few end with i.


i comes after e or konsonant.

Verbal adj / i-adjectives

i- adjectives. All end with i.


Stand in front of the noun too.


No NA needed.




negotiation of i-adjectives


-ku nai

Schön


Is it beautiful? It is beautiful.


It is a beautiful film.


As for the film, it is beautiful.

Kirei desu


Kirei desu ka? Kirei desu.


Kirei-na eiga desu.


Eiga-wa kirei desu!

Likeable, loveable - i hate...


I love the cat.


Di you love it?




I don't like it.

Suki vs kirai. ( both nominal)


Suki-na neko desu.


Suki desu ka?




Suki de wa arimasen

Interesting


It's not an interesting film.

Omoshiroi (verbal a.)


Eiga-wa omoshiroku-nai desu.

de wa arimasen /




(ohne i) ...ku-nai

Delicious


It's not a delicious sushi.

Oishii desu


Sushi-wa oishiku-nai desu.

chpt 7




de wa arimasen /




(ohne i) ...ku-nai



Cute


not cute




It's a cute cat.


As for the cat, it is cute!

Kawaii desu (verbal a)


kawaiku-nai desu




Kawaii neko desu.


Neko wa kawaii desu!

Schick, oder?

O share desu ne,

Gross, geräumig

Hiroi desu

Hell

Akarui desu

Gut, nicht wahr?


It isn't good.



It was good.


It wasn't good.

ii desu ne


Yoku arimasen.



Yokatta desu.


Yoku arimasen deshita.

Yoku = well

Macht spass, oder?

Tanoshii desu ne?

Awesome, terrible, very, quite...


Amazingly delicious!!!!

Sugoi (verbal adj)


Sugoi oishii!!!

chpt 7

I don't like

Suki de wa arimasen


Or


Suki ja arimasen. (Short polite form)

small


not small

chiisai


chiisaku-nai

de wa arimasen /


(ohne i) ...ku-nai

early




Mr Tanaka is early, but Mr Suzuki isn't early.

hayai




Tanaka-san wa hayai desu ga,


Suzuki-san wa hayaku-nai desu.




or




Suzuki-san wa hayaku arimasen.

CHpt 7

spicy




Soba is not spicy

karai




soba-wa karaku nai desu


or


soba-wa karaku arimasen

chpt 7

sweet




Is it sweet wine?




No, the wine is not sweet.

amai




Wain-wa amai desu ka?




wain-wa amaku nai desu.


wain-wa amaku arimasen.



chpt 7

Nominal WA-adjectives, negat.




genki da / genki desu



genki de wa nai


genki ja nai




genki de wa arimasen


genki ja arimasen


genki de wa nai desu

chpt 7








de wa nai = plain


de wa nai + desu = polite

Verbal i-adjectives, negotiate



oishii


chiissai

plain:


sohiku-nai


chiisaku-nai




polite


sohiku-nai desu


chiisaku-nai desu

plain:


remove the "i," add -ku-nai




polite:


plain form & "desu"

Want to...


(verb becomes verbal adjective)




want to (eat)


plain / polite




not want (to eat)


plain / polite

suffix


-tai / taku-nai




plain: tabetai


polite: tabetai desu




plain: tabetaku-nai


polite: tabetaiku-nai desu


or: tabetaku arimasen





chpt 7