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53 Cards in this Set

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Define memory

Retention of information over time/rate of retention of information

According to the term ........................., our memory is good in some situations and poor in some situations

The paradox of memory

What is Suggestive memory techniques ?

Procedures that encourage patients to recall memories that may have or may have not taken place

False but subjectively compelling memory is called

Memory illusion

Observer memory is ...........

Memory in which we see ourselves as an outside observer would

When we recall our memory seeing the world through our visual field, this is called................. memory

Field

What are the three systems of memory?

1. Sensory memory


2. Short-term memory


3. Long-term memory

Brief storage of perceptual information before it passed to short term memory is known as

Sensory memory

Brief storage of perceptual information before it passed to short term memory is known as

Sensory memory

Types of sensory memory includes (1) and (2)

1. Iconic memory


2. Echoic memory

Brief storage of perceptual information before it passed to short term memory is known as

Sensory memory

Types of sensory memory includes (1) and (2)

1. Iconic memory


2. Echoic memory

What is iconic memory?

It is a visual sensory memory (obtained through vision, and last only about a second)

Brief storage of perceptual information before it passed to short term memory is known as

Sensory memory

Types of sensory memory includes (1) and (2)

1. Iconic memory


2. Echoic memory

What is iconic memory?

It is a visual sensory memory (obtained through vision, and last only about a second)

What is echoic memory?

Auditory sensory memory ( through hearing, last 5 to 10 secs)

Memory that retains information for limited durations is called

Short-term memory

How long does short-term last?


a) about 20 seconds


b) about 20 minutes


C) about 20 hours

The answer is a. Short-term memory is very brief

We lose short-term memory by:


............. and .................

Decay, interference

What are the two types of interference? Please explain

Retroactive inhibition: interference of old due to acquiring new



Proactive: interference of new due to previous information

Three systems of memory differ along two dimensions; span and duration. Explain span and duration

Span : capacity of each system


Duration: period of time which a system can hold information


3 basic processes of remembering are

1. Encoding


2. Storage


3. Retrieval

3 basic processes of remembering are

1. Encoding


2. Storage


3. Retrieval

Transforming sensory stimuli to a form of memory is the process of

Encoding

3 basic processes of remembering are

1. Encoding


2. Storage


3. Retrieval

Transforming sensory stimuli to a form of memory is the process of

Encoding

When our brain effectively retain information for later use, this process is called

Storage

When we locate the item and using it from memory, this process is called

Retrieval

Primacy effect and recency effect are the general effects of

Free recall

Primacy effect and recency effect are the general effects of

Free recall

We perform better in free recall with similar .......... and ..............

Context and internal state

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

What are the types of LTM?

Episodic vs semantic


Procedural vs declarative

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

What are the types of LTM?

Episodic vs semantic


Procedural vs declarative

Memory for specific event is called

Episodic memory (LTM)

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

What are the types of LTM?

Episodic vs semantic


Procedural vs declarative

Memory for specific event is called

Episodic memory (LTM)

General knowledge is also called ............. in terms of LTM

Semantic memory

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

What are the types of LTM?

Episodic vs semantic


Procedural vs declarative

Memory for specific event is called

Episodic memory (LTM)

General knowledge is also called ............. in terms of LTM

Semantic memory

Procedural (implicit) memory

Is remembered without awareness

When we encode and store message by its essential meaning but not the exact details of it, this is called .......

"Abstraction" Bransford (1971)

What are the types of LTM?

Episodic vs semantic


Procedural vs declarative

Memory for specific event is called

Episodic memory (LTM)

General knowledge is also called ............. in terms of LTM

Semantic memory

Procedural (implicit) memory

Is remembered without awareness

Declarative (explicit) memory

Is conscious recollection of memory