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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the definition of conflict

• conflict has no particular definition


It has been an issue to different discipline therefore considered/seen differently


• scholars, journalist, public intellectuals and others.

How then can we view conflict

Conflict can be viewed from two broad perspective


• the common philosophy of a clash of power against power


and as a social behavior analysis of two parties trying to get something they both cannot get the same time

What is the real nature of conflict?

• incompatibility of interest


According to Heraclitus: there is no how humans can exist without conflict. Thus conflict is something we can't do without!

What are the types of conflict?

√ the types of conflict are based on the number of people involved.


√ they are:


• intra personal conflict


• inter personal conflict


• intra group conflict


• inter group conflict


• international conflict


• global conflict

What are the sources of conflict

conflict over resources


These resources are: √ Human resources √ Natural resources √ Capital resources √


conflict over value


What is value: values are things we hold in high esteem. People values differs although they sometimes share similar value


These value are: √ Belief √ Choice and Perspective √ Customs


• Conflict often occurs when these values clashes between persons that held them in high esteems


Conflict of psychological needs


These are: √ Power √ Emotions;


And they can bring about conflict.

What are the benefits of war?

Do you think that conflict can bring any good?



War: after war other is always development in that geographic location.


√ And also without these conflicts; relationship, attitudes stay the same way


√ rise to new states


√ create stronger bong within a group, which hitherto were not so


√ it leads to the establishment of new status, rules etc. in local context


√ It brings an enduring peace


√ development of science and communication as well as technological advances are by products of conflicts and wars...

INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT


What are the main ideas of the causes of international conflict

¶ there are enormous theories on the cause of war that cut across different discipline with different views


¶ there are various causes of war with each one explaining the cause better than the other


¶ the general approach to the study of the outbreak of war: the 3 level of analysis :


° individual level


° domestic level


° international system level

INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT


(1) Outline and briefly explain the cause of war as listed by Walter Jones in his book "logic of international relations"

¶ power asymmetry


¶ power transition


¶ natural integration


¶ international social darwinism


¶ communication failure

INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT



Outline the different theories on the cause of war from different discipline, stating their views

Margaret meeds theory from anthropology is of the view that cultural conditioning in human society explains the phenomenon better


In psychology the theory of Sigmund Freud, Carl June, Alfred Adler, Eric Ericsson, Harry slack, Sullivan emphasis the role of individuals as leaders or participant


Sociologist such as Irwin Jarvis ans Stanley Milgram emphasize the role of people and group in the society


Theories under history, political science and economics are that of Karl Marx, waltz, David singer, Emmanuel wallenstein, Johan Galtung, John Bolton etc

INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT (2) Outline and briefly explain the cause of war as listed by Walter Jones in his book "logic of international relations

¶ arms race


¶ internal cohesion through external threats


¶ relative deprivation


¶ international aggression


¶ economic / scientistific situation


¶ military industrial complex


¶ population limitation


¶ conflict resolution


¶international conflict through internal strife

THE LEVEL OF ANALYSIS


When the individual level is in consideration, what are the focus

Personality


Perception


Choices and activities


THE LEVEL OF ANALYSIS When the domestic level is in consideration, what are the focus

Characteristics of the state I.e democracy /authoritarian government, economic system I.e capitalism / communism


¶ Interests groups within the country


¶ national interest of a country


Which in tangible materials like territory, change of government and economy ;and intangible interest like ideas, ideology, ethnicity and religion

State and explain the phase of conflict

Latent Stage: Participants not yet aware of conflict


Perceived Stage: Participants aware a conflict exists


Felt Stage: Stress and anxietyManifest: Conflict is open and can be observed


Aftermath: Outcome of conflict, resolution or dissolution

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