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5 Cards in this Set

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Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children that affects about 10-15% of couples throughout the U.S. Infertility is usually given to couples who have been attempting to conceive for at least 1 year without success.
Conception & pregnancy are both complicated processes that depend upon a # of factors including:

-the production of healthy sperm by the man

-healthy eggs produced by the woman

-unblocked fallopian tubes that allow the sperm to reach the egg

-the sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg when they meet

-the ability of the fertilized egg (embryo) to become implanted in the woman’s uterus

-sufficient embryo quality

Mostly common in women. Only 1/3 is related to women alone. Statistically, 1/3 of infertility problems are related to men and the remaining 1/3 is a combination of fertility factors involving both partners or unknown causes. Unknown causes account for about 20% of infertility cases.

What Causes Infertility In Women?

The most common cause of female infertility is ovulation disorders. Problems with ovulation affect about 25% of all infertility situations. Other causes of female infertility include blocked fallopian tubes, Congenital anomalies (birth defects) involving the structure of the uterus, and uterine fibroids which are associated with repeated miscarriages; and aging, since the ability for ovaries to produce eggs tends to decline with age, especially after the age of 35.

What Causes Infertility In Men?

The most common causes of male infertility azoospermia (no sperm cells are produced) and oligospermia (few sperm cells are produced). Sometimes, sperm cells are malformed or they die before they can reach the egg. In rare cases, infertility in men is caused by a genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis or achromosomal abnormality.

For men with low sperm count or motility issues, it's proven that supplements are available that can improve sperm parameters.

This is already created but my solution is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish, and then transferring the embryo to the uterus.
IVF can be used to treat infertility with the following patients:

-Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes

-Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility

-Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids

-Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed

-Individuals with a genetic disorder

-Unexplained infertility

There are five basic steps in the IVF process:

-Monitor and stimulate the development of healthy egg(s) in the ovaries.

-Collect the eggs.

-Secure the sperm.

-Combine the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory and provide the appropriate environment for fertilization and early embryo growth.

-Transfer embryos into the uterus.

How successful is in vitro fertilization?

The success rate of IVF clinics depends on a number of factors including reproductive history, maternal age, cause of infertility, and lifestyle factors. It is also important to understand that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates.

In the U.S., the live birth rate for each IVF cycle started is approximately:41-43% for women under age 3533-36% for women ages 35 to 3723-27% for women ages 38 to 4013-18% for women ages over 40.