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22 Cards in this Set

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GDI: GrossDomestic Income. Total value of goods and services produced in acountry (US$)

GNI: GrossNational Income. Total value + including income from investments abroad(US$)

GNI/cap & GDI/cap

GNI/cap: Total value of GNP/I divided by the population

GDI/cap: Total value of GDP/I divided by the population


PPP: PurchasingPower Parity. Takes into account local cost of living and is usually expressedper capita (US$)

Structure of economy

Primary sector: Fishing, farming

Secondary sector: Industries

Tertiary sector: Service

Quartary sector: Management, development

Quinary sector: Leaders, management

Social indicators of development

Education, health, nutrition, infrastructure,


CrudeMortality Rate: Number of deaths in a given year divided by the totalpopulation in that year multiplied by 1000.


Infantmortality rate: Death of children less than one year of age.


Net Reproduction Rate: Averagenumber of daughters that would be born to a woman if she passed through herlife-time from birth to the end of her reproductive years conforming to theage-specific fertility and mortality rates of a given year.


GrossReproduction Rate: Average number of daughters that would be born to a womanduring her lifetime if she passed through her child-bearing years conforming tothe age specific fertility rates of a given year. GRR is exactly like TFR,except that it counts only daughters and literally measures “reproduction”– awoman reproducing herself in the next generation by having a daughter.


TotalFertility Rate: The average number of children that would be born alive to awoman (or group of women) during her lifetime, if she were to pass through herchildbearing years conforming to the age-specific fertility rates of a givenyear.


Crudebirth rate: The number of births in a given year divided by the totalpopulation in that year multiplied by 1000.


Reproduction Rate: Measures the replacement of the femalepopulation that will sustain the growth of the population.

Child-woman ratio

Child-Woman Ratio: Number of children under age 5 per 1000 womenof childbearing age in a given year.

Numberof children under age 5 / Number of women ages 15-49 x 1000


HumanDevelopment Index: Includes PPP, life expectancy, adult literacy, averagenumber of years schooling


Human Poverty Index 1 (for developing countries). % of pop with life expectancy of <40, % of adult illiteracy, % without safe water, % without access to health services, % of under fives who are underweight


Human Poverty Index 2 (for developed countries). % of pop with life expectancy of <60, % of adult illiteracy, % of people below the poverty line (50% of medium income), rate of long term employment >12months

Absolute Poverty

Those living in absolutepoverty are unable to satisfy their basic needs for survival; water, clothing,food, shelter and basic medicine. World Bank figure of $1.25 per day.

Relative Poverty

Alevel of poverty relative to the rest of the population of the country. Forexample below 50% of average earning.


GenderEmpowerment Measure & Gender-Related Development Index (E.g. quota system)


Physical quality of life index:

Measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three component of access to water, housing and nutrition (Range 0-1)

Millennium Development Goals

-Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

-Achieve universal primary education

-Promote gender equality and empower women

-Reduce child mortality

-Improve maternal health

-Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

-Ensure environmental sustainability

-Develop a global partnership for development

Worlds Demographic

Total pop: 7,2 billion

CBR: 18.7

CDR 7.89

NC: 1,081

LE: 68 years

DT: 62,9

PMF: 1,27