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13 Cards in this Set

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Gandhi

Leader of movement against British rule in India

India

Asia, bordering China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

British Raj

Name for British rule in India until 1930

British Rule 1919

India used to be under trade control


Became British Raj in late 1800


Seen as 'the jewel in the crown' by the British Public


Minority British controlled ethnic groups majority


Indian National Congress and Muslim League set up

Indian National Congress

Set up in 1885. Majority consisted of middle class educated Indians. Moderate outlook seeking dialogue with British.

Muslim League

Set up in 1905. Majority consisted of Muslim who disagreed with Hindu domination and wanted to protect their rights and interests.

Morely-Minto 1909

Reforms including:


- The number of members of the Imperial Legislative Council increased to 60


- Indians were allowed to sit on the Imperial Legislative Council


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WW1 impact

Began call for independence


Many Indians fought for the British

Lucknow Pact 1916

Muslim League and Congress agreed to Muslims having a fixed proportion of seats in a Indian parliament and additional ones where they were a minority.

Montagu Declaration 1917

A statement calling for the association of Indians in decisions and governance by Edwin Montagu

Rowlatt Acts 1919

Decreased freedom and rights of Indians, and was opposed by all Indian members of the Imperial Legislative Council.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Leader of the Muslim League and later first prime minister of Pakistan after the Partition.

Partition

The name for the division of India after its independence, creating India, Pakistan and Bangladesh