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31 Cards in this Set

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Acyclovir (also known as aciclovir)

Antiviral drug that is used to fight herpes virus infections

Alginates

Polymers derived from brown seaweeds, which are added to antacid mixtures to form a neutral layer on the top of the stomach acid

Analgesics

Pharmaceutical that relieves or prevents pain

Antacid

Base that neutralizes the excess acidity and relieves the pain associated with heatburn and peptic ulcers

Anti-foaming agents

Chemicals that reduce surface tensions of gas bubbles, coasing them to coalesce, e. g. dimethicone

Anxiolytics

Drugs used to treat anxiety disorders

Chiral

Molecule without a plane of symmetry

Depressant

Chemical agent that diminishes function or activity of a specific part of body, in particular central nervous system

Effective dosage (ED50)

Amount of pharmaceutical that would produce therapeutic response in 50% of population

Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC)

Type of chromatography that uses liquid stationary phase and gaseous mobile phase or carrier gas

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)

Virus that causes AIDS

Intramuscular

Into a muscle

Intravenous

Into a vein

Lethal dosage (LD50)

Amount of pharmaceutical that would kill (be lethal to) 50% of population

Narcotic

Analgesic that produces euphoria and causes loss of feeling of paralysis

Pathogenic

Disease-causing

Placebo

Pharmaceutically inert tablet (contains no medicine)

Placebo effect

Psychosomatic response to substance that should be ineffective

Prophylactic

Medication or treatment designed and disease to prevent disease from occuring

Protease inhibitors

Antiviriral drugs that act on enzyme responsible for cleaving polypeptydes made in the host cell by proviral DNA and so preventing the synthesis of structural proteins for new virions

Retrovirus

Protein-enveloped virus possessing RNA genome that replicates via DNA intermediate

Reverse transcriptase inhibitors

Anti-HIV drugs which interfere with process of transcription of proviral DNA by either inihibiting enzyme or competing with host cellular triphosphate nucleosides

Side-effects

Unwanted response to drug; not main effect of drug

Stimulant

Drug that stimulates central nervous system, making user feel less tired and more alert

Subcutaneous

Under skin

Sympathomimetic drugs

Drugs that mimic action of hormones such as epinephrine and neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline in the way in which they affect body

Synergistic effect

Enhancement of effect of one drug when taken in conjunction with another, e.g. ethanol (alcohol)

Therapeutic window

Ratio of lethal dose (LD50) to effective dose (ED50), i.e. LD50/ED50

Tolerance

Body's ability to adsorb increasing amounts of drug over time without experiencing effect of drug

Vasoconstrictor

Drug that makes blood vessels narrower

Virion

Complete virus particle, consisting of nucleic acid surrounded by protective coat of protein