Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

“There is nosubstitute for victory”


Written by MacArthur, echoing the feelings ofcountless Americans (conflicting, however, with Truman’s views on war and Truman fires MacArthurshortly after)·




GeneralMacArthur’s statement that “there is no substitute for victory” signified


Hissupport for an all-out war against China, even utilizing nuclear weapons


The Fair Deal


Truman’s proposals for national health care,public housing, education, and public works projects




What wasthe Fair Deal?


A set ofdomestic reforms proposed by President Truman


Rebel Without aCause


Thesuccess of films such as The Wild One and Rebel Without a Cause


Illustrateda growing angst among America’s youth


Malcolm X


Asa Nation of Islam spokesperson, Malcolm X advocated


Black separatism and militancy


The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution


Gave Johnson permission “to takeall necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the USand to prevent further aggression” in Vietnam


TheGulf of Tonkin Resolution


GavePresident Johnson the power to wage undeclared war in


Vietnam


“Silent majority”


Nixon’s term for the largenumber of Americans who supported the war quietly in the privacy of their homes




Duringhis presidential campaign, Nixon relied on the “silent majority” of moderateliberals and conservatives during a time marked by countercultural revolutionsand political protests.


Détente


Relaxing Cold War tensions byusing diplomatic, economic, and cultural contacts to improve US relations withChina and the Soviet Union




Theterm détente has been used to describe President Nixon’s


Methodsof improving US relations with China and the Soviet Union


“Teach-ins”


Startingat the University of Michigan, “teach-ins” were organized political protestsheld by college students.


SALTI (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)


1972, Thefirst treaty between the Soviet Union and the US that limited the deployment of intercontinental andsubmarine-launched ballistic missiles




SALTI was a treaty between the US and Soviet Union that


Restrictedthe number of intercontinental and submarine-launched


ballistic missiles


Helsinki Accords


President Gerald Fordjoined with the Soviet Union and 31 other nations to sign the 1975 HelsinkiAccords, a high point of détente, which accepted the current East-West balanceof power in Europe.


Watergate


The Watergate scandal was a botchedRepublican-engineered break-in of the Democratic National Committeeheadquarters in Washington, DC that forced President Richard Nixon to resign in 1974.




TheWatergate scandal involved a break-in of the


Democratic National Committee headquarters


“Nixon Doctrine”


Created during the Vietnam War, the NixonDoctrine stated that the US expected friend nations to, in the future, take thelead in their self-defense.


The Rust Belt

The Rust Belt referred to decaying industrialcities in the Midwest, places plagued with high unemployment, crumbling roads,bankrupt governments, and high welfare rolls·




The RustBelt derived its name from


Its closed automobiles and steel factories


OPEC (Organization of Petroleum ExportingCountries)


Aninternational association of oil-producing nations that regulated the price andquantity of oil exported to the world market


Stagflation

A fiscalissue during Nixon’s presidency, stagflation was a result of the huge federaldeficit and inflation, resulting in a stagnant economy with increased inflationand rates of unemployment.


“Malaise speech”


National address delivered byAndrew Carter in 1979 that offended many Americans as Carter identified what hebelieved to be a “crisis of confidence” among the American people·




In aspeech later called the “malaise speech”, President Carter expressed hisfeelings that


The nation was experiencing a spiritual andmoral crisis because of


American apathy


Camp David Accords

AfterPresident Carter invited Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli PrimMinister Menachem Begin to Camp David in 1978, the Camp David Accords wasestablished, giving the Sinai peninsula back to Egypt and making Egypt thefirst Arab state to recognize Israel’s right to exist.


Effects of theVietnam War and the Iranian hostage crisis


Both theVietnam War and the Iranian hostage crisis


Underminedpublic faith in national


leadership


Equal RightsAmendment


Written byAlice Paul in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1972, the Equal Rights Amendmentguaranteed equality of rights under law regardless of sex but was never passedas it fell three states short of the ¾ majority in 1982.


SALT II (StrategicArms Limitation Treaty II) and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan


In 1979, Cartersigned SALT II with the Soviets, which capped missiles and bombers on eitherside. Americans were unhappy with Carter, as they were dissatisfied withdétente and feared such a treaty would strengthen the Soviets. In the 1970s,Soviet backed-up regimes took control of Angola, Somalia, Ethiopia, andAfghanistan, which seemed to confirm the fears of many Americans. In turn, Congressrevokes SALT II from the Senate.


Strategic DefenseInitiative (“Star Wars”)


Reagan’s proposal to build a missile shield thatused lasers from space satellites to destroy oncoming missiles




Afterabandoning MAD, the previously accepted Cold War military strategy, Reaganbegan the SDI, which explored the possibility of an elaborate missile defensethat used space satellites to destroy oncoming missiles and caused the Sovietsto hurt their own economy as they attempted to compete.


Iran-Contra Scandal


Alaw-breaking scheme in which Reagan administration officials sold arms to Iranto secure the hostages’ release and then illegally used the proceeds to supportthe Anti-Communist Contras in Nicaragua.


The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolized ALL of the following


Theapproaching end of the Cold War




The fallof communism in Eastern Europe




Thetriumph of capitalism


The fallof the Berlin Wall did NOT symbolize


Thestrength of Clinton’s presidency


Operation DesertStorm


In 1991, General Norman Schwarzkopf ledcoalition forces during Operation Desert Storm, a massive assault that soundlydefeated the Iraqi army within four days, pushing it out of Kuwait


Supportersof George W. Bush’s launching a war against Iraq argued ALL of the following


Theremoval of Saddam Hussein benefited the Iraqi people and the world




Building astable, democratic Iraq could weaken Islamic dictatorship




SaddamHussein was likely to harboring or developing weapons of mass destruction


Supportersof George W. Bush’s launching a war against Iraq did NOT argue that


FightingSaddam Hussein would boost American efforts in Afghanistan