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27 Cards in this Set

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“There is nosubstitute for victory”

Written by MacArthur, echoing the feelings ofcountless Americans (conflicting, however, with Truman’s views on war and Truman fires MacArthurshortly after)·

GeneralMacArthur’s statement that “there is no substitute for victory” signified

Hissupport for an all-out war against China, even utilizing nuclear weapons

The Fair Deal

Truman’s proposals for national health care,public housing, education, and public works projects

What wasthe Fair Deal?

A set ofdomestic reforms proposed by President Truman

Rebel Without aCause

Thesuccess of films such as The Wild One and Rebel Without a Cause

Illustrateda growing angst among America’s youth

Malcolm X

Asa Nation of Islam spokesperson, Malcolm X advocated

Black separatism and militancy

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Gave Johnson permission “to takeall necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the USand to prevent further aggression” in Vietnam

TheGulf of Tonkin Resolution

GavePresident Johnson the power to wage undeclared war in


“Silent majority”

Nixon’s term for the largenumber of Americans who supported the war quietly in the privacy of their homes

Duringhis presidential campaign, Nixon relied on the “silent majority” of moderateliberals and conservatives during a time marked by countercultural revolutionsand political protests.


Relaxing Cold War tensions byusing diplomatic, economic, and cultural contacts to improve US relations withChina and the Soviet Union

Theterm détente has been used to describe President Nixon’s

Methodsof improving US relations with China and the Soviet Union


Startingat the University of Michigan, “teach-ins” were organized political protestsheld by college students.

SALTI (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)

1972, Thefirst treaty between the Soviet Union and the US that limited the deployment of intercontinental andsubmarine-launched ballistic missiles

SALTI was a treaty between the US and Soviet Union that

Restrictedthe number of intercontinental and submarine-launched

ballistic missiles

Helsinki Accords

President Gerald Fordjoined with the Soviet Union and 31 other nations to sign the 1975 HelsinkiAccords, a high point of détente, which accepted the current East-West balanceof power in Europe.


The Watergate scandal was a botchedRepublican-engineered break-in of the Democratic National Committeeheadquarters in Washington, DC that forced President Richard Nixon to resign in 1974.

TheWatergate scandal involved a break-in of the

Democratic National Committee headquarters

“Nixon Doctrine”

Created during the Vietnam War, the NixonDoctrine stated that the US expected friend nations to, in the future, take thelead in their self-defense.

The Rust Belt

The Rust Belt referred to decaying industrialcities in the Midwest, places plagued with high unemployment, crumbling roads,bankrupt governments, and high welfare rolls·

The RustBelt derived its name from

Its closed automobiles and steel factories

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum ExportingCountries)

Aninternational association of oil-producing nations that regulated the price andquantity of oil exported to the world market


A fiscalissue during Nixon’s presidency, stagflation was a result of the huge federaldeficit and inflation, resulting in a stagnant economy with increased inflationand rates of unemployment.

“Malaise speech”

National address delivered byAndrew Carter in 1979 that offended many Americans as Carter identified what hebelieved to be a “crisis of confidence” among the American people·

In aspeech later called the “malaise speech”, President Carter expressed hisfeelings that

The nation was experiencing a spiritual andmoral crisis because of

American apathy

Camp David Accords

AfterPresident Carter invited Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli PrimMinister Menachem Begin to Camp David in 1978, the Camp David Accords wasestablished, giving the Sinai peninsula back to Egypt and making Egypt thefirst Arab state to recognize Israel’s right to exist.

Effects of theVietnam War and the Iranian hostage crisis

Both theVietnam War and the Iranian hostage crisis

Underminedpublic faith in national


Equal RightsAmendment

Written byAlice Paul in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1972, the Equal Rights Amendmentguaranteed equality of rights under law regardless of sex but was never passedas it fell three states short of the ¾ majority in 1982.

SALT II (StrategicArms Limitation Treaty II) and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

In 1979, Cartersigned SALT II with the Soviets, which capped missiles and bombers on eitherside. Americans were unhappy with Carter, as they were dissatisfied withdétente and feared such a treaty would strengthen the Soviets. In the 1970s,Soviet backed-up regimes took control of Angola, Somalia, Ethiopia, andAfghanistan, which seemed to confirm the fears of many Americans. In turn, Congressrevokes SALT II from the Senate.

Strategic DefenseInitiative (“Star Wars”)

Reagan’s proposal to build a missile shield thatused lasers from space satellites to destroy oncoming missiles

Afterabandoning MAD, the previously accepted Cold War military strategy, Reaganbegan the SDI, which explored the possibility of an elaborate missile defensethat used space satellites to destroy oncoming missiles and caused the Sovietsto hurt their own economy as they attempted to compete.

Iran-Contra Scandal

Alaw-breaking scheme in which Reagan administration officials sold arms to Iranto secure the hostages’ release and then illegally used the proceeds to supportthe Anti-Communist Contras in Nicaragua.

The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolized ALL of the following

Theapproaching end of the Cold War

The fallof communism in Eastern Europe

Thetriumph of capitalism

The fallof the Berlin Wall did NOT symbolize

Thestrength of Clinton’s presidency

Operation DesertStorm

In 1991, General Norman Schwarzkopf ledcoalition forces during Operation Desert Storm, a massive assault that soundlydefeated the Iraqi army within four days, pushing it out of Kuwait

Supportersof George W. Bush’s launching a war against Iraq argued ALL of the following

Theremoval of Saddam Hussein benefited the Iraqi people and the world

Building astable, democratic Iraq could weaken Islamic dictatorship

SaddamHussein was likely to harboring or developing weapons of mass destruction

Supportersof George W. Bush’s launching a war against Iraq did NOT argue that

FightingSaddam Hussein would boost American efforts in Afghanistan